Lechitic languages


Lechitic languages

The Lechitic languages include three languages spoken in Central Europe, mainly in Poland, and historically also in Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, and Vorpommern, in the north-eastern region of modern Germany. This language group is a branch of the larger West Slavic language family. The Lechitic group includes:

* Polish - (ISO 639-1 code: pl, ISO 639-2 code: pol)
** Lesser Poland
***Vistulans
***Lendians
* Pomeranian
** Kashubian - (ISO 639-2 code: csb)
** Slovincian - extinct
* Silesian (ISO 639-3 code: szl)
* Polabian - extinct - (SIL Code: pox)

The characteristics of Lechitic languages are:

* Mutation of Proto-Slavic "ě", "e", "ę" before alveolars into "a", "o", "ą", Unicode|"ǫ".
* Continuation of Proto-Slavic "dj", "gě", "gi" as "dz" IPA| [ʒ] , "dze" IPA| [ʒe] , "dzy" IPA| [ʒj] .
* Lack of "g" → "h" transition.
* Preservation of nasal vowels.
* the so-called fourth palatalization of velars in Polish and Kashubian

The term "Lechitic" derives from the old alternative name "*lěchy" (see Lechia) for the Lechitic peoples (in contrast to "*čěchy" for the Czechs).

Slavic people using those languages were known as Lechites.

See also

* Lechia

External links

* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=92155 Lechitic language tree]


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