Stephen Taber III
name = Stephen Taber III
birth_date = birth date|1924|04|17|df=y
birth_place = Columbia,
South Carolina, U.S.
death_date = death date and age|2008|5|22|1924|4|17|df=y
death_place = Elgin,
South Carolina, U.S.
Apiculturist, United States Department of Agriculture;
Stephen Taber III. (
17 April 1924– 22 May 2008) was an American apiologist, noted authority and author in the field of artificial insemination of queen bees for the purpose of developing disease resistant and gentle bee colonies.
Mr. Stephen Taber III, was a world-recognized
honey beeresearcher. He was born on April 17, 1924, to Dr. Stephen Taber II and Bessie Ray Taber of Columbia, S.C. His father was the South Carolina State Geologist from 1912 to 1947 and the head of the Department of Geology at the University of South Carolina, where he was involved in the engineering of the Santee CooperDam among many other projects.
Steve became interested in bees at an early age, using the banks of the
Broad Riverin Columbia as his research yard. Steve's first commercial beekeeping experience was in 1941 in upstate New Yorkwhere he worked one summer making $30 a month. He continued working in NY and later Wisconsinwhere he claimed to have learned much of the basics of beekeeping.
Navy / WWII years
He graduated from University High School in Columbia, SC in 1942 and enlisted in the
U.S. Navyas an Aviation Cadet in October that same year. While serving in the Navy, he taught beekeeping as a sideline job at several local universities. Steve was later honorably discharged from the Navy in September 1945 after the end of World War II. After the Navy, Steve attended the University of Wisconsin. In 1950, he graduated from the University of WI in Madison, with a Bachelor of Science, specializing in Bee Research under the tutelage of Professor C.L. Farrar.
His first position was with the Entomology Research Division of
USDAas an assistant to Dr. O. Mackenson in Baton Rouge, La. This is where he met his longtime friend Murray S. Blum. It was during this time that Steve pioneered the use of instrumental (artificial) insemination, undertaking some of the first seminal and biochemical investigations carried out with invertebrate spermatozoa.Fact|date=July 2008
After 15 years in
Baton Rouge, he was transferred to the USDA Bee Research Center in Tucson, Ariz., where, in his words, "he was his own instructor." Steve traveled extensively teaching, lecturing, and researching. [cite journal | last=Taber |first=Steve | coauthors =Howard G. Spangler |title =Defensive Behavior of Honey Bees Towards Ants |journal =Psyche |volume =77 |pages =184-189 |date =1970] [cite journal|last=Taber III |first=Stephen |title =Bee Behavior |journal =Beekeeping in the United States Agriculture Handbook |volume =335 |date =1980]
Steve retired from the USDA and moved to
Vacaville, CA where in cooperation with Tom Parisian, he founded the company known as "Taber's Honey Bee Genetics" in 1978. Steve later moved to southern France before returning in recent years to his home state of South Carolina. He enjoyed international prestige as a bee researcher and queen breeder and spoke at beekeepers' conventions across Europe. Steve continued his queen rearing and research work on a limited basis, although he continued to be a prolific writer until shortly before his death in 2008.
Some of his students are leaders in the world of beekeeping research today. His book, "Breeding Super Bees [cite book |last=Taber |first=Steve|title=Breeding Super Bees |year=1987|publisher=A.I.Root Co. |location=Ohio] ," will attest to some of his research and his studies around the world. His articles and research publications are still being referenced by honey bee researchers worldwide. Articles written by Steve, and his collaborative efforts with others, appeared in numerous publications for more than 50 years. They include "American Bee Journal", "Gleanings in Bee Culture", "Journal of Economic Entomology", "Journal of Apicultural Research" and "Beekeepers Quarterly".
Additional Publications and Research
NAME=Taber, Stephen III.
beekeeper, apiculturist, scientist
DATE OF BIRTH=birth date|1924|04|17|mf=y
PLACE OF BIRTH=Columbia,
South Carolina, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH=death date|2008|05|22|mf=y
PLACE OF DEATH= Elgin,
South Carolina, U.S.
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