Drava


Drava
Drava

The Drava at Osijek, Croatia
Origin Toblach, South Tyrol, Italy
Mouth Danube near Osijek, Croatia
Basin countries Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary
Length 707 kilometres (439 mi)[1]
Source elevation 1,450 m (4,760 ft)
Avg. discharge 670 m3/s (24,000 cu ft/s) at mouth
Basin area 11,828 km2 (4,567 sq mi)

Drava or Drave (Hungarian: Dráva; German: Drau; Italian, Croatian, and Slovene: Drava) is a river in southern Central Europe, a tributary of the Danube. It sources in Toblach/Dobbiaco, Italy, and flows east through East Tirol and Carinthia in Austria, into Slovenia (142 km),[1] and then southeast, passing through Croatia and forming most of the border between Croatia and Hungary, before it joins the Danube near Osijek.

Overview

In the ancient times the river was called Dravus. The name is most likely Celtic or pre-Celtic in origin (see Old European hydronymy). The Drava and Spöl are the only two rivers that originate in Italy and drain into the Danube drainage basin. It is the fourth largest and longest Danube tributary.[2] The Gail in Austria, the Meža and Dravinja in Slovenia, and the Bednja in Croatia from the right; the Gurk and the Lavant in Austria, and the Mur (near Legrad) in Croatia from the left are its main tributaries.

The Drava flows through Innichen/San Candido in Italy, Lienz, Spittal an der Drau, Villach, and Ferlach in Austria, Dravograd, Vuzenica, Muta, Ruše, Maribor, Ptuj, and Ormož in Slovenia, Varaždin and Osijek in Croatia, and Barcs in Hungary, being navigable for about 90 km from Čađavica in Croatia to its outfall.

The hydrological parameters of Drava are regularly monitored in Croatia at Botovo, Terezino Polje, Donji Miholjac and Osijek.[3]

River Drava at Villach, Austria.
The Drava at Maribor, Slovenia.

References

  1. ^ a b "Reke, dolge nad 25 km, in njihova padavinska območja [Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas]" (in Slovene, English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002. http://www.stat.si/letopis/1998/01_98/01-10-98.asp?jezik=en. 
  2. ^ Klement Tockner, Urs Uehlinger, Christopher T. Robinson (2009), Rivers of Europe, Academic Press, no nr., ISBN 9780123694492
  3. ^ "Daily hydrological report". State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia. http://hidro.hr/hidro_e.php?id=hidro&param=Podaci_e. Retrieved 2010-09-09. 

External links

Media related to Drava at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 45°32′38″N 18°55′36″E / 45.54389°N 18.92667°E / 45.54389; 18.92667


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