James Daniel Gilbert
James Daniel Gilbert (1864 – 26 September 1941) was a British Liberal politician,
banker( ["Who was Who", OUP 2007] and City merchant [The Times, 3.1.16] . He was born and brought up in West Newington, a part of Londonaround what is now the Elephant and Castleand was educated privately ["Who was Who"] .
London County Council
Involved in Liberal politics from the 1880s, Gilbert started his political career on the
London County Council(LCC). In 1898 he was elected Progressive Party member for his home area of West Newington. He represented the seat as a Progressive and later as a Liberal right through until 1928, by which time it had been re-named Central Southwark, losing by just 56 votes to Labour.
During his time on the LCC Gilbert held many committee chairmanships, including those responsible for Corporate Property, the Fire Brigade and Rivers. He was also Progressive Chief Whip from 1901-1907. He was particularly involved with issues of transport, campaigning to keep public transport fares low, to ease travelling conditions for passengers and reduce accidents [The Times, 13.5.19, 14.5.19, 20.5.19, 22.10.19, 19.8.21, 25.7.22, 5.2.23, 26.4.26] . He took a special interest in transport questions on and around the
River Thames. He proposed a resolution for a Circular Overbridge and for trams along the Embankment. He was later instrumental in securing a Steamboats Bill and organised the first services. Gilbert was a member of the Port of London Authoritybetween 1913 and 1939 and chaired its River Committee from 1934-1939. He was the LCC representative on the Thames Conservancy[The Times, 3.2.21] and was its chairman for the year 1937-38 [The Times, 13.4.37] . He was a member of the River WandleAdvisory Committee from 1928-35. He was also an early proponent for the new County Hall building to be located overlooking the Thames near Westminster Bridge. He served as the LCC nominee on the Council of Morley College. Gilbert acquired the reputation of being a master of detail as a politician on the LCC and was an expert at asking questions to elicit information useful to his causes. He was said to have carried those skills into his Parliamentary career [Sir Percy Harris; "Forty Years In and Out of Parliament", Andrew Melrose 1947 p51] .
Gilbert entered the House of Commons at a
by-electionin January 1916 in his home constituency and LCC seat of West Newington. The sitting Member of Parliament (MP), Captain Cecil Norton, who had held the seat since 1892 was given a peerage. The Unionist candidate, Warwick Brookes, decided to stand aside in the by-election under the terms of a truce between the political parties during the war and endorsed Gilbert’s candidacy. This left Gilbert a straight fight with Independent Labour Partycandidate, J J Terrett and he won the contest easily by 2,646 votes to Terrett’s 787 [The Times, 11.1.16] . Brookes’ decision to give way may have been influenced by the fact that he was soon after adopted as Coalition Unionist candidate for Mile End which he went on to win. Like its equivalent LCC seat, the West Newington Parliamentary constituency was renamed for the 1918 general election. It became Central Southwark and Gilbert held it at the general elections of 1918, 1922 and 1923, this time in a three-cornered contest, [The Times 27.11.23] before losing to Labour in 1924, again in a three-cornered fight.
While in Parliament Gilbert served as a member of the Select Committee on Transport (1918) and was a member of the Select Committee on London Traffic (1919). He was Chairman of the
Kennington ParkExtension Committee (1921) which bought land that became the swimming pool, flower garden and children's playground and was a Trustee of the Crystal Palace. He was also a Chairman of Standing Committees of the House of Commons in 1923 and 1924 ["Who was Who"] . He was elected Chairman of the London Liberal MPs' Group in 1919, 1922 and 1924.
Gilbert travelled extensively in his public and private life. He visited India, Burma, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United States, Egypt, Morocco and Russia. During the First World War he went to the French and Belgian Battle Fronts. He was presented with vote of thanks (on vellum) by the
British Red Cross Societyand Order of St John of Jerusalemin 1918, for organising River Trips for Wounded Soldiers during the war ["Who was Who"] .
Gilbert published two books; "Two and a Half Years’ Record of the Moderate Party", published by the London Reform Union, 1909 and "The Record of the Second Moderate Council", London Reform Union, 1912
Gilbert was married twice. His first wife died in 1921 and he was remarried in 1926 to Jessie Bromley. [The Times, 22.12.26] . He had a brother John Gilbert who was also a member of the London County Council but John sat on the
Municipal Reform Party(or Conservative) benches. John Gilbert was a Roman Catholic but James was an agnostic. According to someone who knew them both, they never spoke to each other and were completely opposite in character. [Harris; Op Cit pp50-51] .
Gilbert died in
Stourbridge, Worcestershireon 26 September 1941 [The Times, 30.9.41] .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Daniel Gilbert (basketball) — For the Cleveland Cavaliers franchise owner, see Dan Gilbert (businessman). Daniel Gilbert is an American professional basketball player, currently playing as a shooting guard for Worcester Wolves in the British Basketball League, where he was… … Wikipedia
James Bond — James Bond, auch bekannt als 007, ist ein Geheimagent des britischen Geheimdienstes MI6, der 1952 vom Schriftsteller Ian Fleming erfunden und vor allem durch die seit den 1960er Jahren erfolgreiche Filmreihe weltbekannt wurde. Heute gilt die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Daniel Dennett — Daniel Clement Dennett Full name Daniel Clement Dennett Born March 28, 1942 (1942 03 28) (age 69) Boston, Massachusetts … Wikipedia
James Bond 007 — James Bond Cet article concerne le personnage imaginaire. Pour les autres significations, voir James Bond (homonymie). James Bond … Wikipédia en Français
James bond — Cet article concerne le personnage imaginaire. Pour les autres significations, voir James Bond (homonymie). James Bond … Wikipédia en Français
Daniel Nathans — Born October 30, 1928(1928 10 30) Wilmington, Delaware Died November 16, 1999(1999 11 16 … Wikipedia
Daniel E. Koshland, Jr. — Daniel E. Koshland Born March 30, 1920(1920 03 30) New York City Died July 23, 2007(2007 07 23) (aged 87) … Wikipedia
Daniel C. Drucker — Daniel Charles Drucker Born June 3, 1918 Died September 1, 2001 Fields Mec … Wikipedia
Daniel I. Arnon — Daniel Israel Arnon (November 14, 1910 – December 20, 1994) was a Polish born American plant physiologist whose research led to greater insights into the operation of photosynthesis in plants. In 1973, he was awarded the National Medal of Science … Wikipedia
Daniel Miller (music producer) — Daniel Miller Born 14 February 1951 (1951 02 14) (age 60) London, England Instruments Synthesiser Labels Mute Records Associated acts … Wikipedia