- Nick Park
Park at the premiere of 'Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit'
Born Nicholas Wulstan Park
6 December 1958
Preston, Lancashire, England
Occupation director, animator, writer Nationality British Genres Animation Notable work(s) Wallace and Gromit
Shaun the Sheep
Park has been nominated for an Academy Award a total of six times, and won four with Creature Comforts (1989), The Wrong Trousers (1993), A Close Shave (1995), and Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005).
Park was born on Brookfield Park in Preston in Lancashire, England and grew up on Greenlands Estate, Preston and later moved to Walmer Bridge, where his mother still resides. He is the middle child, of five siblings. He was born to Mary Cecilia Ashton (b. 1930), a seamstress, and Roger Wulstan Park (b. 1925 d.2004), an architectural photographer. His sister Janet lives in the South Ribble area still, in Longton. He attended Cuthbert Mayne High School (now Our Lady's Catholic High School). He grew up with a keen interest in drawing cartoons, and as a 13-year old made films with the help of his mother – who was a dressmaker – and her home movie camera and cotton bobbins. He also took after his father, an amateur inventor, and would send items – such as a bottle that squeezed out different coloured wools – to Blue Peter. He studied Communication Arts at Sheffield Polytechnic (now Sheffield Hallam University) and then went to the National Film and Television School, where he started making the first Wallace and Gromit film, A Grand Day Out.
In 1985, he joined the staff of Aardman Animations in Bristol, where he worked as an animator on commercial products (including the video for Peter Gabriel's "Sledgehammer", where he worked on the dance scene involving oven-ready chickens). He also had a part in animating the Pee-wee's Playhouse which featured Paul Reubens. Along with all this, he had finally completed A Grand Day Out, and with that in post-production, he made Creature Comforts as his contribution to a series of shorts called "Lip Synch". Creature Comforts matched animated zoo animals with a soundtrack of people talking about their homes. The two films were nominated for a host of awards. A Grand Day Out beat Creature Comforts for the BAFTA award, but it was Creature Comforts that won Park his first Oscar.
In 1990 Park worked alongside advertising agency GGK to develop a series of highly acclaimed television advertisements for the "Heat Electric" campaign. The Creature Comforts advertisements are now regarded as among the best advertisements ever shown on British television, as voted (independently) by viewers of the UK's main commercial channels ITV  and Channel 4.
Two more Wallace and Gromit shorts, The Wrong Trousers (1993) and A Close Shave (1995), followed, both winning Oscars. He then made his first feature-length film, Chicken Run (2000), co-directed with Aardman founder Peter Lord. He also supervised a new series of "Creature Comforts" films for British television in 2003.
His second theatrical feature-length film and first Wallace and Gromit feature, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, was released on 5 October 2005, and won Best Animated Feature Oscar at the 78th Academy Awards, 6 March 2006.
On 10 October 2005, a fire gutted Aardman Animations' archive warehouse. The fire resulted in the loss of most of Park's creations, including the models and sets used in the movie Chicken Run. Some of the original Wallace & Gromit models and sets, as well as the master prints of the finished films, were elsewhere and survived.
Park's most recent work includes a U.S. version of Creature Comforts, a weekly television series that was on CBS every Monday evening at 8 p.m. ET. In the series, Americans were interviewed about a range of subjects. The interviews were lip synced to Aardman animal characters.
In September 2007, it was announced that Nick Park had been commissioned to design a bronze statue of Wallace and Gromit, which will be placed in his home town of Preston. In October 2007 it was announced that the BBC has commissioned another Wallace & Gromit short film to be entitled Trouble at Mill (retitled later to A Matter of Loaf and Death).
Nick Park studied at Preston College, which has since named its library for the art and design department after him: the Nick Park Library Learning Centre. He is the recipient of a gold Blue Peter badge.
In February 2011, Park made his first ever appearance, himself as an animated character in The Simpsons episode, "Angry Dad: The Movie". His new Willis and Grumble short, Better Gnomes and Gardens borrows elements and themes to Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit. Lisa Simpson asks Park, in case he does not receive the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film:
- Lisa: Good luck, Mr Park. There'd be no shame in losing to you.
- Park: Oh, that's very sweet of you. Thank you for saying so. [after shaking hands, Park's fingers come off]
- Lisa: Agh!
- Park: No worries. I'll just stick 'em back on. I'm more clay than man now.
(Note: Willis and Crumble are a parody of Park's characters Wallace and Gromit. Also, stop-motion animation is produced by Chiodo Bros. Productions, Inc., not Aardman.)
Awards and nominations
Year Nominated For Award Category Result 1990 Creature Comforts BAFTA Best Animated Film Nominated Wallace & Gromit: A Grand Day Out BAFTA Best Animated Film Won 1991 Creature Comforts Oscar Best Animated Short Film Won Wallace & Gromit: A Grand Day Out Oscar Best Animated Short Film Nominated 1994 Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong Trousers BAFTA Best Animated Film Won Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong Trousers Oscar Best Animated Short Film Won 1996 Wallace & Gromit: A Close Shave BAFTA Best Animated Film Won Wallace & Gromit: A Close Shave Oscar Best Animated Short Film Won 2001 Chicken Run BAFTA Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film Nominated 2004 Creature Comforts BAFTA Comedy Programme or Series Award Nominated 2005 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Oscar Best Animated Feature Won 2006 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit BAFTA Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film Won 2008 Creature Comforts Emmy Award Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program (for Programming Less Than One Hour) Nominated 2009 Wallace & Gromit: A Matter of Loaf and Death BAFTA Best Short Animation Won 2010 Wallace & Gromit: A Matter of Loaf and Death Oscar Best Animated Short Film Nominated
The Daily Telegraph remarked Park has taken on some attributes of Wallace, just "as dog-owners come to look like their pets", overexpressing himself, possibly as a result of having to show animators how he wants his characters to behave.
He is a fan of The Beano comic, and guest-edited the 70th anniversary issue dated 2 August 2008. He also contributed to Classics from the Comics at the same time, picking his favourite classic stories for the comic reprint magazine's new Classic Choice feature.
The character idea for Wallace came from his old English teacher. Wallace wears the same clothes as Park's teacher and has a similar personality.
- Staff (September 2006). "Nick Park 1958-". Biography Today 15 (3): 84–101. ISSN 1058-2347. OCLC 24242423.
- ^ "Aaardman - Company History". http://www.aardman.com/about-us/history/. Retrieved 12 Oct 2011.
- ^ http://www.filmreference.com/film/98/Nick-Park.html
- ^ a b c Nigel Farndale (18 December 2008). "Wallace and Gromit: one man and his dog". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3831833/Wallace-and-Gromit-one-man-and-his-dog.html. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- ^ ITV’s Best Ever Adverts. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- ^ 100 Greatest TV Ads. Retrieved 2010-08-07.
- ^ "Animation archive up in smoke". BBC News. 10 October 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4326624.stm. Retrieved 3 October 2007.
- ^ "Wallace and Gromit statue planned". BBC News. 6 September 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6980995.stm. Retrieved 3 October 2007.
- ^ "Wallace and Gromit return to TV". BBC News. 3 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7024834.stm. Retrieved 3 October 2007.
- ^ "Hall of fame 2005". Association of Colleges. 10 October 2005. http://www.aoc.co.uk/en/aoc_beacon_gold_and_other_awards/aoc_beacon_gold_awards/aoc_gold_awards/hall-of-fame/hall-of-fame-2005.cfm. Retrieved 06 November 2011.
- ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0661910/awards
- Nick Park at the Internet Movie Database
- U.S. News & World Report interview
- Making His Mark in Clay: An Interview with Nick Park Nick Park speaks about his influences, on how he uses drawing to tell a story and tells us what it was like to bring Wallace and Gromit to the big screen.
NFTS Honorary Fellowship Succeeded by
Empire Award for Best DirectorDanny Boyle (1996) · Terry Gilliam (1997) · Cameron Crowe (1998) · Steven Spielberg (1999) · M. Night Shyamalan (2000) · Bryan Singer (2001) · Baz Luhrmann (2002) · Steven Spielberg (2003) · Quentin Tarantino (2004) · Sam Raimi (2005) · Nick Park and Steve Box (2006) · Christopher Nolan (2007) · David Yates (2008) · Christopher Nolan (2009) · James Cameron (2010) · Edgar Wright (2011)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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