:"For the Christian eschatological concept, see
Bema Seat; for other uses see Bema (disambiguation)"
The Bema (from the Greek: "bema", “step”) means a raised platform. In antiquity it was probably made of stone, but in modern times it is usually a rectangular wooden platform approached by steps.
The original use of the bema in Athens was as a tribunal from which orators addressed the citizens as well as the courts of law (see
Pnyx). In Greek law courts the two parties to a dispute presented their arguments each from separate bemas. "Bema" was also used as the name for a place of judgement, that is the raised seat of the judge, as described in the New Testament, in , and of God, in , when speaking in judgment.
The bema became a standard fixture in Jewish
synagogues (see bemah) from which a selection (" parsha") from the Torahand the Haftarahare read. In Orthodox Judaism, the bema is located in the center of the synagogue, separate from the Ark. In other branches of Judaism, the bema and the Ark are joined together.
The ceremonial use of a bema carried over from Judaism into early Christian
church architecture. It was originally a raised platform with a lecternand seats for the clergy, from which lessons from the Scriptures were read and the sermonwas delivered. In Western Christianitythe bema developed over time into the chancel(or presbytery) and the pulpit.
Eastern Christianity"bema" remains the name of the platform which composes the sanctuary; it consists of both the area behind the iconostasionand the platform in front of it from which the deaconleads the ektenias (litanies) together with the the ambofrom which the priest delivers the sermonand distributes Holy Communion. It may be approached by one or several steps. The bema is composed of the "altar" (the area behind the iconostasion), the "soleas" (the pathway in front of the iconostasion), and the "ambo" (the area in front of the Holy Doorswhich projects westward into the nave). Orthodox laitydo not normally step up onto the bema except to receive Holy Communion.
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Bema — Administration Pays Italie Région … Wikipédia en Français
Bema — [griechisch »Stufe«, »Thron«, »Schritt«] das, s/ ta, 1) im antiken Griechenland die Rednertribüne. 2) in der frühchristlich byzantinischen Basilika die erhöhte Bühne der Presbyter in der Apsis. 3) in den Ostkirchen der erhöhte, von der … Universal-Lexikon
Béma — Géographie Pays Mali Région Kayes Cercle D … Wikipédia en Français
BEMA — Graece Βῆμα, pulpitum, seu gradus. Item Festum Manichaeorum, dies nempe, quô Manes occisus est: quem Manichaei quinque gradibus instructô tribunali et pretiosis linteis adornatô ac in promptu positô et obiecto adorantibus, magnis honoribus… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
bema — béma ž DEFINICIJA 1. pov. u antičkoj Grčkoj, govornica, tribina 2. kršć. u starokršćanskim, pravoslavnim i istočnim crkvama prostor za kler uz oltar ETIMOLOGIJA grč. bȇma … Hrvatski jezični portal
Béma — / Bema The name for Oromë among the Northmen. The name used by the Northmen for the Vala the Elves called Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse loving people of Rohan, who… … J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary
bema — [bē′mə] n. pl. bemata [be′mə tə] or bemas [Gr bēma, platform, lit., a step < base of bainein, to go: see COME] 1. in ancient Greece, a speaker s platform 2. BIMAH 3. Eastern Orthodox Ch. the enclosed area surrounding the altar … English World dictionary
Bema — Be ma, n. [Gr. ? step, platform.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) A platform from which speakers addressed an assembly. Mitford. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) (a) That part of an early Christian church which was reserved for the higher clergy; the… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Bema — (gr.), 1) der Meilenschritt, nach welchem die Alten ihre Meilen bestimmten. Das kleine B. = 21/2, das große (doppelte) B. = 5 Fuß. 2) in den alten Kirchen vorn im Chor ein erhöhter Sitz für den Bischof, wenn er nicht von dem Bischofssitz aus… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Bema — (griech.), s. Hieratikum … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Bema — Bēma (grch.), in den griech. Kirchen der umgitterte Raum für die Geistlichkeit, bes. der Sitz für den Bischof … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon