San Ildefonso, Bulacan

San Ildefonso, Bulacan

Infobox Philippine municipality
infoboxtitle = San Ildefonso, Bulacan
sealfile =
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_bulacan_san ildefonso.png caption = Map of Bulacan showing the location of San Ildefonso
region = Central Luzon (Region III)
province = Bulacan
districts = 3rd district of Bulacan
barangays = 36
class = 1st
mayor = Edgardo V. Galvez
founded =
areakm2 = 153.12
pop2000 = 79,956
popden2000 = 522
coordinates =

San Ildefonso is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 84,956 people in 15,753 households.

Built up area

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now included in Manila built up area which reaches San Ildefonso in its Northernmost part.


Long before the arrival of the Spaniards in the Philippines, the town of San Ildefonso was known as Bulak. The early inhabitants called this town as such because of the abundant "kapok" trees ("Bulak in vernacular") growing on the hill where the town proper is now situated.

The southern part of Bulak was a barrio of San Rafael while the northern side belongs to the town of San Miguel. There were very few inhabitants numbering only about 3,000. The early inhabitants were people from neighboring towns and provinces that preferred to settle in this place because of the good prospect of agriculture.

When the Spaniards came, the name Bulak was changed to Hacienda San Juan de Dios because the 155 km² of grazing and farming grounds were claimed by the friars. The people were told to pay tribute. Proceeds from the rentals were used to finance the operation of the San Juan de Dios Hospital in Manila. The Spanish friars though antagonistic towards the Filipinos, could not help admiring the beauty of the numerous natural scenarios God bestowed on the town. Because of their admiration, they changed the name Hacienda de San Juan de Dios to amore fitting one Hacienda Buenavista, a Spanish word which means beautiful scenery.

As the population grew, a chapel was constructed under the parochial jurisdiction of San Rafael. In 1879, Father Juan dela Rosa was named the first Spanish/Filipino priest of the town. He held such position up to 1911. He was responsible for changing the Bulak to San Ildefonso in honor of Alfonso XII, then the King of Spain and San Ildefonso, its Patron Saint. By the time it was given this name, a tribunal was created finally making it a town in 1887. Between the periods 1905-1906, San Ildefonso was merged with San Miguel due to its low income and inability to finance its expenditures in operating the local government.

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=San Ildefonso Massacre
partof=World War II
date=August 3, 1945
place=San Ildefonso
result=Filipino Victory
combatant1=flagicon|Philippines Filipino Bolomen
combatant2=flagicon|Japan|alt Empire of Japan
strength1=8,200 Filipino civilian bolomen
strength2=9,000 Japanese troops
casualties1=144 killed
casualties2=6,279 killed
3,100 wounded
In August 3, 1945 Beginning the Filipino Bolomen then not weapons used the Bolo machette, Knives, Spears & M1911 Pistols when the bloody massacred to Japanese Imperial forces called San Ildefonso Massacre when other Japanese forces defeated, killed and massacred from the victorious from the Filipinos.

After the San Ildefonso Massacre in 1945 by the Filipino bolomen to coming to the Filipino troops in San Ildefonso, Bulacan from the bolomen's to given to the Philippine Flag to the Filipino troops by the suite to victory, founded in the Filipino soldiers and Filipino bolomen up to the Bolo Machette raised to the Philippine flag after the war.

As years went by, more and more people were induced to live in the town. The growth of population promoted the increase of income. The town became capable of meeting its expenses so it consequently ceased being a barrio of San Miguel and became once again an independent town.


San Ildefonso is politically subdivided into 36 barangays (5 urban, 31 rural).

* Akle
* Alagao
* Anyatam
* Bagong Barrio
* Basuit
* Bubulong Munti
* Bubulong Malaki
* Buhol na Mangga
* Bulusukan
* Calasag
* Calawitan
* Casalat

* Gabihan
* Lapnit
* Maasim
* Matimbubong
* Malipampang
* Palapala
* Pinaod
* Poblacion

* Pulong Tamo
* San Juan
* Santa Catalina Bata
* Santa Catalina Matanda
* Sapang Dayap
* Sapang Putik
* Sapang Putol
* Sumandig
* Telapatio
* Upig
* Umpucan
* Mataas na Parang

Commerce and Industry

Major Industries

Cement, Pyrotechnics, Feed Mills, Food/Food Processing, Garments, Hat Making, Wood Crafts, High-Yield Crops, Marble/Marble Processing, Metalcraft

Major Products

Bakeries and Sweet Preserves,Chicharon, Poultry and Livestock, Rice, High Value Crops, Marbles

Heritage Sites

Red House (Bahay na Pula)

Bahay na Pula in Anyatam symbolizes the oppression of the Bulakenyas in the hands of the Japanese forces when they served as “comfort women”. It served as the garrison of the Japanese soldiers where they killed a lot of Filipino soldiers and local guerillas

External links

* [ Philippine Standard Geographic Code]
* [ 2000 Philippine Census Information]

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