Czech Philharmonic


Czech Philharmonic
Česká filharmonie
Origin Prague, Czech Republic
Genres Classical
Occupations Symphony orchestra
Years active 1896-present
Website www.ceskafilharmonie.cz
Members
Chief conductor
Eliahu Inbal
Past members
Founder
Antonín Dvořák
Czech Philharmonic logo

The Česká filharmonie (Czech Philharmonic) is a symphony orchestra based in Prague and is the best-known and most respected orchestra in the Czech Republic.[1]

Contents

History

The name "Czech Philharmonic Orchestra" appeared for the first time in 1894, as the title of the orchestra of the Prague National Theatre.[1] It played its first concert under its current name on January 4, 1896 when Antonín Dvořák conducted his own compositions, but it did not become fully independent from the opera until 1901. The first representative concert took place on October 15, 1901 conducted by Ludvík Čelanský, the first artistic director of the orchestra.[1] In 1908, Gustav Mahler led the orchestra in the world premiere of his Symphony No. 7. The orchestra first became internationally known under the baton of Václav Talich, who was principal conductor from 1919 to 1931, and again from 1933 to 1941. In 1941 Talich together with Czech Philharmonic made a controversial journey to Germany, where they performed the cycle of symphonic poems My Country by Bedřich Smetana. The concert was enforced by the German offices.[1]

Subsequent chief conductors included Rafael Kubelík (1942–1948), Karel Ančerl (1950–1968), Václav Neumann (1968–1989), Jiri Belohlavek (1990–1992), Gerd Albrecht (1993–1996), Vladimir Ashkenazy (1996–2003), and Zdeněk Mácal (2003–2007).[2] In February 2008, the orchestra announced the appointment of Eliahu Inbal as its next chief conductor, effective with the 2009-2010 season.[3] In December 2010 it was announced that Jiří Bělohlávek would take up the post again in 2012.[4] Principal guest conductors of the orchestra have included Sir Charles Mackerras, a noted Czech music specialist, and currently Manfred Honeck.

The Czech Philharmonic's first phonograph recording dates from 1929, when Václav Talich recorded the Smetana´s My Country for His Master's Voice.

Wiener Flötenuhr 1971

Honours and awards

The Czech Philharmonic has won many prestige awards, ten Grand Prix du Disque de l'Académie Charles Cros, five Grand Prix du disgue de l'Académie française and several Cannes Classical Awards. The Czech Philharmonic was nominated for Grammy Awards in 2005, and also two Wiener Flötenuhr awards, with Pavel Štěpán, Zdeněk Mácal and Václav Neumann (1971 and 1982). It was voted 20th place of the top 20 best orchestras in the world in a 2008 survey by Gramophone magazine.[5]

Premiere of Antonín Dvořák's Piano Concerto in G minor op.33, Czech Philharmonic conducted by Václav Talich

Chief Conductors

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Černušák, Gracián (ed.); Štědroň, Bohumír; Nováček, Zdenko (ed.) (1963). Československý hudební slovník I. A-L. Prague: Státní hudební vydavatelství. pp. 203.  (Czech)
  2. ^ Matthew Westphal (2007-09-11). "Angry Over Bad Review, Conductor Zdenek Mácal Abruptly Quits Czech Philharmonic". Playbill Arts. http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/7047.html. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  3. ^ Rosie Johnston (2008-02-22). "Eliahu Inbal - the new chief conductor of the Czech Philharmonic". Radio Praha. http://www.radio.cz/en/issue/101182. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  4. ^ "Šéfdirigentem České filharmonie bude Jiří Bělohlávek" (in Czech). ČTK. ČeskéNoviny.cz. http://www.ceskenoviny.cz/zpravy/sefdirigentem-ceske-filharmonie-bude-jiri-belohlavek/573071. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Ben Hoyle (2008-11-21). "LSO is only British orchestra in list of world’s best". Times Online (London). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5201584.ece. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 

References

  • (Czech) Sláma, František (2001). Z Herálce do Šangrilá a zase nazpátek ("From Heralec to Shangrila and Back Again"). Říčany: Orego. ISBN 80-86117-61-8. 
  • (Czech) Karel Mlejnek (1996). Česká filharmonie. Prague: Paseka. 
  • (Czech) Vladimír Šefl (1971). Česká filharmonie. Prague: Czech Philharmonic. 
  • (Czech) Václav Holzknecht. Česká filharmonie. Příběh orchestru. Prague: SHN. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Czech Philharmonic Orchestra — Orchestre philharmonique tchèque Le Rudolfinum, résidence de l Orchestre philharmonique tchèque L Orchestre philharmonique tchèque (Česká filharmonie en tchèque) est le principal et le plus célèbre orchestre symphonique de République tchèque. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Czech National Symphony Orchestra — (ČNSO) (Czech: Český národní symfonický orchestr) is a symphony orchestra in Prague in the Czech Republic. It was established in 1993 by trumpet player Jan Hasenöhrl. Paul Freeman has served as the orchestra s music director and principal… …   Wikipedia

  • Czech Republic — a republic in central Europe: includes the regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia; formerly part of Czechoslovakia; independent since 1993. 10,318,958; 30,449 sq. mi. (78,864 sq. km). Cap.: Prague. * * * Czech Republic Introduction… …   Universalium

  • Czech Christmas Mass — First page of piano reduction Czech Christmas Mass (Czech: Česká mše vánoční; Latin: Missa solemnis Festis Nativitatis D. J. Ch. accommodata in linguam bohemicam musikamque redacta – que redacta per Jac. Joa. Ryba) is a classic pastoral mass… …   Wikipedia

  • Boni Pueri, the Czech Boys Choir — Infobox Musical artist Name = Boni Pueri, the Czech Boys Choir Img capt = The Czech Boys Choir BONI PUERI Img size = Landscape = Yes Background = classical ensemble Alias = Origin = Hradec Králové, Czech Republic Genre = Years active = 1982… …   Wikipedia

  • City of Prague Philharmonic Orchestra — The City of Prague Philharmonic Orchestra is a professional, philharmonic symphony orchestra, over 61 years old, predominantly it is composed of Czech and Slovak classical and jazz musicians. The orchestra started out, after World War II, in 1947 …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Liverpool Philharmonic — Infobox musical artist Name = Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Background = classical ensemble Alias = RLPO The Phil Origin = flagicon|UK Liverpool, England, UK Genre = Classical Occupation = Symphony orchestra Years active = 1840 present Associated… …   Wikipedia

  • Brno Philharmonic Orchestra — (Czech: Filharmonie Brno ) is an orchestra based in Brno, the Czech Republic. Its predecessor was the Czech Symphony Orchestra, dating from the 1870 s. The current Brno Philharmonic was formed in 1956 with the merger of the Radio Orchestra and… …   Wikipedia

  • Taipei Philharmonic Orchestra — The Taipei Philharmonic Orchestra (zh t|t=台北愛樂管弦樂團, abbreviated as TPO) is a Taiwanese orchestra based in Taipei. HistoryTaipei Philharmonic Orchestra was founded in 1985 by a group of enthusiastic musicians. It has come a long way under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sarajevo Philharmonic Orchestra — is based, as its name indicates, in Sarajevo. Its first concert was performed on October 24, 1923, with the program being Lisinski: Overture from the opera Porin ; Mendelssohn, Concert g minor for piano and orchestra; Beethoven: Second Symphony.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.