Mymensingh District


Mymensingh District
Mymensingh
ময়মনসিংহ
—  District  —
Office of the District Commissioner of Mymensingh
Location of Mymensingh in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°38′3″N 90°16′4″E / 24.63417°N 90.26778°E / 24.63417; 90.26778Coordinates: 24°38′3″N 90°16′4″E / 24.63417°N 90.26778°E / 24.63417; 90.26778
Country  Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
Government
 - District Commissioner Md. Shah Alam Bakshi
Area
 - Total 4,363.48 km2 (1,684.7 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 - Total 4,439,017
 - Density 1,017.3/km2 (2,634.8/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 - Total 25.42%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
 - Summer (DST) BDST (UTC+7)
Postal code 2200
Website Banglapedia article

Mymensingh (Bengali: ময়মনসিংহ) is one of the districts of Dhaka division, Bangladesh, and is bordered on the north by Meghalaya state of India and Garo Hills, on the south by Gazipur district, on the east by districts of Netrokona and Kishoreganj, and on the west by districts of Sherpur, Jamalpur and Tangail. Mymensingh town is the district headquarters.[1]

Contents

Geography

The district covers an area of around 4,363 square kilometers, with several small valleys between high forests. The temperature ranges from 33 degrees to 12 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2,174 mm. In fact, Iswarganj is a small upozilla (section) other upozillas some are at the foot of Garo hills of Meghalaya, some are Chars founded on the bed of Old Brahmaputra river and also some ancient forests of mainly a single wood tree as it is named SHAL Forest. The city of Mymensingh stands on the bank of Old Brahmaputra river, as the 1897 great Assam Bengal earthquake changed the main flow from Brahmaputra to the Jamuna river which co-sided west of the greater Mymensingh region. In about hundred years, a port city of sea vessels from England just lost its status as the river became a seasonal flow by this time. Some Kuthi's of namely of the colonial rulers now-a-days the govt. High officials residences along the side of the river in the city. The area of Greater Mymensingh, the north front line is just at the foot of Garo hills of Meghalaya of India, the south this area excludes The GAZIPUR district, the east ends in the rich watery land of Bangladesh as native calls 'Hawor', the west ends in the ancient single wood forest(e.g. Muktagacha, Fulbaria and Valuka Upozillas) and the Chars of Jamalpur district sided north-west of Mymensingh district. There is geographical varieties comprises single wood forests, Chars and river valleys and also touching the Himalaya at Garo hills.

History

Maimansingh, a district of British India, is in the Dhaka division of Eastern Bengal and Assam. It occupies a portion of the alluvial valley of the Brahmaputra east of the main channel (called the Jamuna) and north of Dacca. The administrative headquarters are at Nasirabad, usually called Mymensingh town. Area, 6332 sq mi Pop. (1901) 3,915,068, showing an increase of 12.8% in the decade. The district is for the most part level and open, covered with well-cultivated fields, and intersected by numerous rivers.

The district was acquired by the East India Company with the Dewani Grant from the Mughal Emperor in 1765. At that time its greater part was included in the Niabat (Sub-Province of Dhaka and a small portion in the Zamindaries of Atia, Kagmari, Pukuria and Patilandaha (of Rahahahi Zamindari). At the time of Permanent Settlement, it included northwest Garo-Hills and the Brahmandaria Subdivision of the Present Comilla district but did not include north Tangail and north-west part of Jamalpur. In 1799 Taluk Amirabad was transferred to Tippera (comilla). In 1809, Patiladaha, situated north-east of the Brahmaputra came to district form Rangpur. In 1811, the river Banar and Brahmaputra were declared boundary between Dhaka and Mymensingh district and the river Brahmaputra and Meghna as boundary between Tippera (now Comilla) and Mymensingh and Dhaka. In 1811 west Gar-Hills were transferred to Rangpur district. In 1812 Patiladaha, was retransferred to Rangpur. In 1830, Parganas Sarail, Daudpur, haripur, Bejra, and Satarakhandal, were transferred to Tippera and Public convenience. In 1855, due to change in river course part or Serajganj thana was transferred from Mymensingh to Pabna and in 1866, the whole of it was transferred to Pabna. In 1866, thana Dewangajn was transferred to Mymensingh form Bogra and thana Atia from Dhaka. In 1867 for the administrative convenience boundaries of five subdivisions (including Tangail) and thanaswere notified. In 1874 on the basis of survey, the district boundaries were notified. In 1874 the Jamuna (or Daokoba) River was declared the western boundary between Mymensingh and Bogra and as such, 165 villages were transferred to Bogra. In 1875, the Brahmaputra was Made the boundary between Mymensingh and Rangpur and the portion of patiladaha, east of the river, was transferred to this district form Rangpur. In 1877, the Jamuna was declared the boundary between Pabna and Mymensingh, in the west. On the first of December, 1969, Tangail subdivision was separated from Mymensingh and a new District of Tangail was formed.[2]

Forests

The Madhupur jungle is a slightly elevated tract, extending from the north of Dhaka district into the heart of Mymensingh; its average height is about 60 ft above the level of the surrounding country, and it nowhere exceeds 100 ft. The jungle contains abundance of sal, valuable both as timber and charcoal. The main benefits of sal is that it can absorb carbon more than any other native trees, so it helps mitigate the severe pollution of Dhaka city. The only other elevated tract in the district is on the northern border, where the Susang Durgapur situated in Netrokona district (part of Greater Mymensingh). Actually the Haluaghat upozilla of Mymensingh is border with India and Garo hills of Meghalaya. They are for the most part covered with thick thorny jungle, but in parts are barren and rocky.

Rivers

The Jamuna forms the western boundary of Mymensingh for a course of 94 m. It is navigable for large boats throughout the year; and during the rainy season it expands in many places to 5–6 m in breadth. The Brahmaputra enters Mymensingh at its north-western corner near Karaibari, and flows south-east and south until it joins the Meghna a little below Bhairab Bazar. The gradual formation of chars and bars of sand in the upper part of its course (mainly influenced by The Great Assam Bengal Earthquake 1897) has diverted the main volume of water into the present channel of the Jamuna, which has in consequence become of much more importance than the Brahmaputra proper. The Meghna only flows for a short distance through the south-east portion of the district, the eastern and south-eastern parts of which abound in marshes.

Crops

The staple crops, of the country are rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, oil seed and pulse, betel leaf, karalla, sweet potato, turmeric, ginger, brinjal, cauliflower and chilli.

Railroads

A branch line of the Eastern Bengal railway runs north from Dhaka through Nasirabad etc.

Timeline

  • 1772–1790 Fakir and Sannyasi revolt
  • 1787 Floods
  • 1788 Famines
  • 1897 Earthquake
  • 1905 Swadeshi Movement

Subdistricts

Mymensingh district was established in 1787[3], which was later on reorganized into six districts, namely, Tangail, Jamalpur, Kishoreganj, Sherpur, Netrokona, and Mymensingh. Currently, Mymensingh district has eight municipalities and twelve Upzillas. The municipalities are: Bhaluka, Gaffargaon, Gauripur, Ishwarganj, Mymensingh Sadar, Nandail, Muktagachha, and Trishal. The twelve upzillas are: Bhaluka, Dhobaura, Fulbaria, Gaffargaon, Gauripur, Haluaghat, Ishwarganj, Mymensingh Sadar, Muktagachha, Nandail, Phulpur and Trishal.

No. Subdistrict name Area (square kilometer) Population
1 Bhaluka 444.05 264,991
2 Trishal 338.98 336,797
3 Haluaghat 356.07 242,339
4 Muktagachha 314.71 321,759
5 Dhobaura 251.05 157,027
6 Fulbaria 402 345,283
7 Gaffargaon 401.16 379,803
8 Gauripur 374.07 247,945
9 Ishwarganj 286.19 306,977
10 Mymensingh Sadar 388.45 566,368
11 Nandail 326.13 328,847
12 Phulpur 580.21 459,046

Demographics

Total Population 4,439,017
Male 50.62%
Female 49.38%
Muslim 94.73%
Hindu 4.25%
Christian 0.75%
Buddhist 0.06%
Aboriginal 0.89%
Others 0.21%

Town

Mymensingh town, earlier known as Nasirabad, is placed on the west bank of Brahmaputra River. The population is around 225,811 and the literacy rate is about 65%. Having Bangladesh Agricultural University[4], huge bridge on Brahmaputra river, 2 medical colleges (Mymensingh Medical College[5], Community Based Medical College), 8 high schools, Raj bari, natural beauty of farm lands, etc., Mymensingh is one of the best places for living and educating children in Bangladesh. Because there are very few fuel run-vehicles, sound pollution and air pollution levels are very low. It is also one of the best towns in Bangladesh to educate child up to grade ten. There is no public boys college in Mymensingh town; however, every years lots of students from this town get admission in different universities and medical college in Bangladesh. The first military high school for girls in the country, Mymensingh Girls Cadet College, is also located in Mymensingh town. A huge amount of land occupied by various churches in Mymensingh city in relation to number of followers.

Literacy and educational institutions

Among the literacy, 30.7% are male and 20% female.[citation needed] Educational institutions include: agricultural university 1, medical college 2, homeo medical college 1, polytechnic institute 1, vocational institute 1, veterinary training institute 1, primary teacher's training institute 1, teacher's training institute 2, national institute of primary education 1, government college 5, non-government college 57, government high school 9, non-government high school 368, secondary school 129, madrasa 1212, government primary school 1249, non-government 794, kindergarten 33, NGO operated school 1065, art school 1.

Religious institutions include mosque 2362, temple 1020, Buddhist temple 600 (570 temple, 030 pagoda) and 36 church.

References

External links


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