A feature is a concept applied to several fields of
linguistics, typically involving the assignment of binaryor unaryconditions which act as constraints.
phonology, segments are categorized into natural classes on the basis of their distinctive features. Each feature describes a quality or characteristic of the natural class, such as voice or manner. A unique combination of features defines a phoneme.
Surface representations can be expressed as the result of rules acting on the features of the
underlying representation. These rules are formulated in terms of transformations on features.
In morphology and
syntax, words are often organized into lexical categories or word classes, such as "noun", "verb", "adjective", and so on. These word classes have grammatical features (also called "categories" or "inflectional categories"), which can have one of a set of potential values (also called the "property", "meaning", or "feature" of the category). [Kibort, Anna & Corbett, Greville G. [http://www.grammaticalfeatures.net/inventory.html Grammatical Features - Feature Inventory] ]
For example, consider the
pronounin English. Pronouns are a "lexical category". Pronouns have the person "feature", which can have a "value" of "first", "second", or "third". English pronouns also have the number "feature", which can have a value of either "singular" or "plural". As a result, we can describe the English pronoun "they" as a pronoun with [person:3] and [number:plural] .
semantics, words are categorized into semantic classes. Intersecting semantic classes share the same semantic features.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Feature — For featured articles in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Featured articles and featured article candidates For feature requests relating to the MediaWiki software which powers Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Bug reports and feature requests For featured topics … Wikipedia
Linguistics — is the scientific study of language, encompassing a number of sub fields. An important topical division is between the study of language structure (grammar) and the study of meaning (semantics). Grammar encompasses morphology (the formation and… … Wikipedia
linguistics — /ling gwis tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. [1850 55; see LINGUISTIC, ICS] * * * Study of the nature and structure of… … Universalium
feature of speech — noun (linguistics) a distinctive characteristic of a linguistic unit that serves to distinguish it from other units of the same kind • Syn: ↑feature • Topics: ↑linguistics • Hypernyms: ↑property, ↑attribute, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
List of linguistics topics — Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist. See also the List of basic linguistics topics, the List of phonetics topics, the List of linguists, and the List of cognitive science… … Wikipedia
Comparative linguistics — Linguistics … Wikipedia
Tone (linguistics) — Not to be confused with intonation (linguistics). Top tone ◌̋ ˥ … Wikipedia
Focus (linguistics) — Focus is a concept in linguistic theory that deals with how information in one phrase relates to information that has come before. Focus has been analyzed in a variety of ways by linguists. Historically, there have been two main approaches to… … Wikipedia
Stylistics (linguistics) — Stylistics is the study of varieties of language whose properties position that language in . For example, the language of advertising, politics, religion, individual authors, etc., or the language of a period in time, all are used distinctively… … Wikipedia
Areal feature — In linguistics, an areal feature is any typological feature shared by languages within the same geographical area.Resemblances between two or more languages (whether typological or in vocabulary) can be due to genetic relation (descent from a… … Wikipedia