Cedar Point

Cedar Point
Cedar Point Logo.svg
Location Sandusky, Ohio, USA
Coordinates 41°28′48″N 82°40′55″W / 41.480033°N 82.681818°W / 41.480033; -82.681818Coordinates: 41°28′48″N 82°40′55″W / 41.480033°N 82.681818°W / 41.480033; -82.681818
Website www.cedarpoint.com/
Owner Cedar Fair Entertainment Company
Opened 1870
Operating season May 14 - October 30
Area 364 acres (0.569 sq mi)
(1.47 km²)
Rides 75 total
  • 17 roller coasters
  • 3 water rides
Slogan "America's Rollercoast", "Ride On", and "The Fun and Only"
Aerial view of Cedar Point

Cedar Point is a 364 acre (1.47 km²) amusement park located in Sandusky, Ohio, United States on a narrow peninsula jutting into Lake Erie. Cedar Point is the only amusement park with four roller coasters that are taller than 200 feet (61 m) (Magnum XL 200, Millennium Force, Wicked Twister, Top Thrill Dragster). As of 2010, Cedar Point has more rides (75) than any other amusement park.[1]

It also has a mile-long white sand beach, an outdoor water park (Soak City), an indoor waterpark and hotel (Castaway Bay), two marinas,[2] several hotels, and Challenge Park, which features attractions such as go-karts, miniature golf, Ripcord and Skyscraper. Known as "America's Roller Coast", Cedar Point has been deemed "Best Amusement Park in the World" by Amusement Today for the past fourteen years.[3]

The park opened in 1870 and is the third oldest amusement park in North America after Six Flags New England and Lake Compounce. Cedar Point is the flagship park for Cedar Fair Entertainment Company (which is headquartered at the park) and, along with Valleyfair, was one of the original parks owned and operated by the company. Cedar Point's normal operating season runs daily from early May through Labor Day, then for nine weekends following Labor Day. Operating hours vary throughout the summer, but on most days the park opens at 10:00 a.m. and closes at 10:00 p.m. (11 p.m. on Saturdays in July, the first 2 in August, and July 4). Cedar Point also has six resorts (Hotel Breakers, Sandcastle Suites, Lighthouse Point, Camper Village, Breakers Express and Castaway Bay). It is also the only park in the world that has 4 roller coasters that classify all 4 of the "height types" including Jr. Gemini (Kiddie roller coaster), Magnum XL-200 (Hypercoaster), Millennium Force (Giga coaster), and Top Thrill Dragster (Stratacoaster).

Contents

History

Historic Marker

Prior to development, the Cedar Point peninsula was covered by native cedar vegetation, and the clear waters of Lake Erie provided superb fishing grounds. From the 1840s through the 1870s, local fishermen often leased space on the peninsula in order to ply the profitable waters.[4]

In the 1860s, during the American Civil War, housing for a battery of four field artillery pieces was constructed at the tip of the peninsula to guard access to the Confederate prisoner of war camp on nearby Johnson's Island. When the war ended, Cedar Point resumed its role as a summer picnic area, and the initial park was constructed in 1870. In 1870, Louis Zistel, a German immigrant, who was a cabinet maker at the time in Sandusky, Ohio, constructed a beer garden with a small dance floor on the peninsula. He also made a set of small bathhouses and constructed a couple of children's playground attractions. Zistel charged 25 cents per ticket to get a ride from Sandusky to Cedar Point on his boat, "Young Reindeer." In 1871, there had been no indication of Cedar Point reopening. The activity level at Cedar Point from 1871 until 1878 was nearly zero.

In 1878, James West opened a group of bathhouses, when there were no boating services to Cedar Point. Benjamin F. Dwelle and Captain William Slackford made a lease with the peninsula's owners, Adolph and Stoll, in 1882 and started to make major improvements for the upcoming season. They laid wooden walkways and picnic tables through a couple of acres of the peninsula. Yet another set of bathhouses was built along with Cedar Point's first dance hall. Both the steamboats Lillie and R.B. Hayes made round trips from Biemiller's Cove to Cedar Point for 25 cents. In 1887, the five-year lease for Dwelle and Slackford ended. Captain Slackford was chronically ill and was unable to participate in the upkeep of the park.

Dwelle was still anxious to see the park grow, so he, along with the peninsula's owners, Louis Adolph, Adam Stoll, Jacob Kuebeler, and Charles Baetz formed Cedar Point Pleasure Resort Company. The Cedar Point Steamboat Company also evolved from the five men. Baetz was elected General Manager of Cedar Point in 1888. Architect D. L. Stine from Toledo, Ohio, was hired that year to build the Grand Pavilion. The Grand Pavilion was a giant theater and concert hall. The "Candy Pagoda," opened in the mid-1890s by Max Stenzel, sold many confections. In 1892, the peninsula's first roller coaster, the Switchback Railway, was opened. The Switchback Railway ran only on gravity's momentum, and the trains often did not have enough "boost" to make it back to the station, and boys or horses had to push or pull the cars back to the station.

The Corkscrew at Cedar Point.

Boeckling era

John Boyle arrived at Cedar Point in 1897 with only the intention of increasing passenger traffic as a representative of the Lake Erie & Western Railroad.[5] Boyle was working for the railroad at the time; however, once he saw Cedar Point, he knew that he wanted to be a part of it.[6] Boyle was able to talk his way into the existing co-partnership after Ben Dwelle, who was one of the original co-partners, defaulted on his portion of the Cedar Point loan payment. In December 1897, the Cedar Point Pleasure Resort Company of Indiana (Boeckling was born in Michigan City, Indiana) was formed.[7] With Boyle as part of the company, Cedar Point was acquired for $256,000, of which Boyle reportedly contributed $55,000 of his own money.[6] The remainder of the money was raised by the selling of stock.[8]

Beginning in 1897, George Arthur Boeckling took control of Cedar Point and spent the remainder of his life improving and promoting the park. Boeckling innately understood what people wanted in a resort and tried to provide that for his guests.[9] In fact, by 1901, the resort was controlled by G. A. Boeckling, August Kuebler, Jocob Kuebler, and Charles G. Nielsen who bought out Adam Stoll’s interest in Cedar Point.[10]

In 1902, The Racer, a figure eight roller toboggan coaster, was built by Fred Ingersoll. Tickets for The Racer were 5 cents. A pony track was built near the beach that same year. Although families flocked to Cedar Point together, the resort was still known as a beer garden.

In 1904, the Detroit Dredging Company dug the lagoons that now are home to the Paddlewheel Excursions boats and also run under Iron Dragon, Mantis, and Millennium Force. The historical Hotel Breakers was built in 1905, which still is in operation today. In 1906, a new powerhouse was installed and a brand new "Amusement Circle" was formed southeast of the Coliseum.

A circle swing and a carousel were put into place at Cedar Point. In 1908 the Dip the Dips Scenic Railway was installed, which was replaced in 1912 by the Leap the Dips coaster. Leap Frog Scenic Railway was constructed in 1917 on the site of the demolished out of date coaster, Dip the Dips. Cyclone, a rickety and rough coaster, was built in 1926. Many more hotels and restaurants were constructed during the 1900–1930 time period, including Hotel Cedars, White House Hotel, Crystal Rock Castle, and Crystal Gardens Ballroom. By 1919, alcoholic beverages were outlawed.

It was clear in 1929 that Cedar Point was trying to update their attractions, by razing Racer, A Trip to Rockaway, the circle swing, and many other rides to make way for Shoot-the-Chutes water ride, a Tilt-A-Whirl, fun houses called Noah's Ark and Bluebeard's Palace, the Cyclone coaster, and many other rides. It was also clear that George Boeckling's health was declining. He was confined to his home, where a local doctor told him that he was suffering with chronic nephritis. In 1931, Boeckling had to be put into a wheelchair. He was pushed around Cedar Point by an employee or a relative to overlook the park. The heat of the summer took its toll on Boeckling, when he collapsed. He was forced to stay home after that, where he developed uremia. On July 24, 1931, Boeckling died. His portrait in the lobby of Breakers Hotel was draped in black. Flags in the resort and on the G.A. Boeckling steamboat were lowered to half mast.

After Boeckling

View from across Sandusky Bay

After the death of Boeckling, Cedar Point fell into the hands of Edward Smith. Little expansion happened through the 1930s. One of the few rides put in place at Cedar Point in the 1930s was the Tumble Bug. The decaying Leap the Dips coaster was razed in the mid-1930s. In the 1940s, the restaurant business blossomed in Cedar Point, including Ross' Hot Dogs, Coffelt's Fudge, Green and Silver Grill, Castle Sandwich Shop, and Momma Berardi's Home Made French Fries. French Fries similar to Momma Berardi's are sold in the existing restaurants in Cedar Point: Hot Potato, the Happy Friar, and Mr. Potato.

By the end of the second World War, Cedar Point was in a strong need of financial help. The wood of the Cyclone coaster was rotting, the boardwalk was cracked in many places, and the fishing dock was in need of repair. In 1946, Cedar Point's oldest still existing ride, the Midway Carousel, was installed. By 1951, the Cyclone coaster was razed because of its poor condition. The resort then did not have a roller coaster. While the Cyclone was departing, the Laff-in-the-Dark, Rocket Ships, and Loop-A-Plane were newcomers. Cedar Point Causeway, built in 1957, is still used many times a day. The president of Cedar Point, Bernie Zeiher, was replaced by George Roose around 1958, and Emile Legros was elected chairman that same year. Bernie's penny arcade was removed in 1959 to make way for construction.

In the 1950s, the Pagoda Gift Shop was a post-office. The Crystal Rock Castle was turned into a maintenance shop in the late-1950s. In 1959, the hotels were repainted, concrete was poured for the new admission gates, and over $1,200,000 was spent to refresh Cedar Point. Cedar Point's first roller coaster since the Cyclone, the Wild Mouse, was built. The resort also got a new kind of ride, a monorail. It was the most ridden ride in 1959. Breakers Hotel was restored, and the neglected cottages were razed. The Coliseum and Grand Pavilion were both also painted and remodeled. The Crystal Rock Castle Maintenance Shop, bathhouses, and the old powerhouse were razed. A new $50,000 bathhouse, boiler house, and maintenance shop were built in their place.

In the 1960s, the idea of "pay one price" season passes was spread. In 1964, Cedar Point planned and built its oldest existing roller coaster, the Blue Streak. It was named after the local high school's sports teams, the Sandusky Blue Streaks. By 1967, the Dodgem, Cedar Downs Racing Derby, San Francisco Earthquake Ride, Pirate Ride, Sky Ride, Mill Race, and the Cadillac Cars had been built. Jungle Larry's Safari Island was a well known attraction that operated from 1965 through 1994 despite the death of Jungle Larry in 1984.[11] The Mine Ride opened in 1969.

1970 brought the Centennial Theatre, called such because of Cedar Point's 100th anniversary. In 1975, Robert L. Munger Jr. took over as president of Cedar Point after Roose's retirement. The record breaking coaster Corkscrew was built in 1976. It was the first roller coaster to span a midway and have three inversions. More coasters followed: the Gemini (another record breaker) in 1978, a junior coaster the following year, and a toboggan coaster called Avalanche Run in 1985. That same year, the San Francisco Earthquake Ride was transformed into the Berenstain Bear Country.[12] The bears occupied this area of Cedar Point until 1998, when Snoopy and the rest of the Peanuts characters replaced them.

Modern era

Entrance sign

In 1987, just one year before the death of Robert Munger Jr, Iron Dragon, a suspended swinging roller coaster, debuted on the Million Dollar Midway, near the station of the Cedar Point and Lake Erie Railroad Station. In 1988, Soak City, Cedar Point's own outdoor water park opened near Hotel Breakers. It features speed slides, more than 10 body and tube slides, a family raft ride, a water playhouse and two lazy rivers.

Magnum XL-200 roller coaster opened in 1989, breaking world height and speed records again. The ride was the first to exceed heights of 200 feet (61 m) and speeds over 70 miles per hour (110 km/h). For the 1990 season, Avalanche Run was transformed into the indoor Disaster Transport. Mean Streak opened in 1991 as the northernmost attraction in Frontier Town and the park. It broke records for the fastest and tallest wooden roller coaster in the world, reaching speeds of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) and a height of 161 feet (49 m). In 1992, Cedar Point celebrated its 100th year of having roller coasters in the park. Challenge Park was created between Hotel Breakers and Soak City that same year. Challenge Park includes a go kart car race track and two eighteen hole mini-golf courses. The Berenstain Bear Country expanded outside, with slides, a miniature train rides, and other playground equipment.

Snake River Falls was constructed in 1993, because of the popularity of Soak City. The 82-foot (25 m)-tall structure sends riders plunging down at forty miles per hour. At the bottom of the hill, a splash landing tops off the ride. When landing in the water, the boat creates a large wave, splashing spectators on an overlooking bridge. In 1994, Cedar Point installed Raptor. The Mill Race log flume was removed from the park, and the circular Calypso was relocated in order to make room for the Raptor, which features a Cobra Roll. In 1996 Cedar Point opened Mantis, the tallest and fastest stand-up roller coaster in the world when it opened. The original name for the Mantis was "Banshee", but many people thought it was offensive and the name was changed (the logo for the Banshee was later used as the logo for Steel Force at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, another Cedar Fair holding). 1999 brought Camp Snoopy into the park. Camp Snoopy features 8 attractions themed as snoopy (for the exception of Tilt-a-Whirl). The area also features a junior roller coaster built by Vekoma, Woodstock Express.

In 2000, Cedar Point built the first giga coaster, Millennium Force. When it debuted, it was the tallest and fastest complete circuit coaster in the world reaching speeds of 93 miles per hour (150 km/h)and heights of 310 ft (94 m) In 2002, Wicked Twister debuted as the first second-generation Intamin inverted impulse coaster. Today, Wicked Twister is the tallest (215 ft) and fastest (72 miles per hour) inverted roller coaster in the world. In 2003, Top Thrill Dragster debuted as the tallest (420 ft) and fastest (120 miles per hour) roller coaster in the world. Top Thrill Dragster was the first strata coaster in the world. For 2007, Cedar Point debuted Maverick. The ride features a 105-foot (32 m) drop at a 95 degree angle. Maverick also includes an LSM launch in the middle of the ride reaching speeds of 70 miles per hour (110 km/h).

Vertical loop and back section of the Raptor at Cedar Point.

In 2008, Cedar Point introduced Planet Snoopy, a kiddie area was constructed where Peanuts Playground used to be. This area consists of family and children rides that were relocated from Cedar Point's sister park Geauga Lake after its closing. The area also consists of a "Kids Only" restaurant called Joe Cool Cafe (there is a small menu for adults).

2009 saw the addition of the Starlight Experience, a night-time LED light extravaganza with floats themed to the four seasons. This $1,000,000 attraction takes place on the Frontier Trail nightly beginning at twilight. In order to prepare for Starlight Experience, the Frontier Trail closes for approximately 30 minutes before the event.[13] In 2010, Cedar Point added a new flume ride located on the park's Frontier Trail. Shoot the Rapids includes two drops and a three minute journey through a rustic western environment. New for 2011 is the WindSeeker thrill ride, a 301-foot (92 m) tall tower that spins riders along the shoreline of Lake Erie.[14] Windseeker did not open on time due to construction delays and opened to the public on June 14, 2011.[15]

On October 20, 2010, Six Flags Magic Mountain announced the addition of two new roller coasters to bring their park's total to 18 roller coasters. Magic Mountain will take back the crown of roller coaster capital of the world in spring 2011 from Cedar Point.[16][17][18]

However, Six Flags Magic Mountain announced via Facebook that their Giant Inverted Boomerang coaster called Deja Vu will be removed from the park at the end of the 2011 season, bringing Magic Mountain's number of coasters back to 17. Magic Mountain and Cedar Point now have the same number of roller coasters.

Awards

Cedar Point has received the Golden Ticket Award by Amusement Today for "Best Amusement Park in the World" in 2011, winning for the fourteenth consecutive year. The park also placed in the categories for "Friendliest Staff", "Best Outdoor Night Production" and "Best Halloween Event". Cedar Point won "Best New Ride of 2007" with the new roller coaster Maverick.[19]

Resorts

Cedar Point owns and operates six resorts located either on park grounds or less than a mile away. Guests who are staying at Castaway Bay or Breakers Express are able to use the free shuttle service to get to Cedar Point or Soak City. All Cedar Point Resort guests are able to take advantage of the early entry to the park. Guests may arrive one hour early to the park to enjoy the park before the general public each morning. Rides that operate during this early entry session are: Maverick, Iron Dragon, Millennium Force, Raptor, and Planet Snoopy Children's Area.[20]

On-site resorts and campgrounds

Hotel Breakers is the oldest resort at Cedar Point being built in 1905. The hotel consists of six hundred fifty rooms and suites and is also the closest resort to Cedar Point and Soak City. In 1997, Hotel Breakers was renovated and received a new addition doubling the room size. Hotel Breakers have standard hotel rooms, suites with view of Lake Erie, and Snoopy-themed rooms. Some of the amenities that are found at the Hotel Breakers include three different pools, complimentary Wi-Fi, beach access, a conference center, and five restaurants including T.G.I. Friday's and Perkins Restaurant and Bakery.

Sandcastle Suites is an all-suites hotel located at the northernmost part of the peninsula. All of the resort's suites were updated in 2008. Some of the amenities include complimentary Wi-Fi available in the lobby and guest suites, an outdoor heated pool and whirlpool, beach access, tennis courts, complimentary shuttle to both Cedar Point and Soak City, and two restaurants, including The Breakwater Cafe.

Lighthouse Point contains forty cabins and sixty-four cottages and is located along the west bank of the peninsula. The centerpiece of Lighthouse Point is the Cedar Point Lighthouse, and, having been built in 1862, it is the oldest existing structure on the peninsula. The amenities include the Camper Village Store, an outdoor pool and outdoor whirlpool spa, a shuffleboard court, a game room, and courtesy shuttle service.

Cedar Point Camper Village is the only place at Cedar Point where it is possible to hook up an RV to water and electricity. Camper Village includes anything from deluxe sites with electricity, water, sewer, and cable to one hundred twelve electric-only sites. Some of the amenities at the Camper Village include the Camper Village Store, an outdoor pool, a shuffleboard court, a game room, complimentary Cedar Point parking, courtesy shuttle service on Cedar Point Peninsula, modern restrooms with showers, a dump station, and laundry facilities.

Off-site Cedar Point owned resorts

Castaway Bay Indoor Waterpark Resort was introduced by Cedar Point in 2005 to provide guests with an indoor water park experience. The indoor waterpark has over 38,000 feet (12,000 m) of water slides, along with shops, and a wave pool. The resort consists of 237 guest rooms and luxury suites. The rooms all have a refrigerator and microwave and most have a balcony. The resort features a 6,000-square-foot (560 m2) game room. The Spa at Castaway Bay features a variety of massages, pedicures, manicures, facials, and hair/make-up services. Castaway Bay features five restaurants including T.G.I. Friday's and Bay Harbor. Castaway Bay also features a website to make reservations and find out more about the resort.

Breakers Express is a resort located one mile (1.6 km) away from Cedar Point and is the closest hotel to the peninsula. It was opened in 2000 and includes 350 guest rooms. The amenities at Breakers Express include an outdoor heated pool, outdoor whirlpool spa, game room, and complimentary Wi-Fi in lobby.

Current roller coasters

Cedar Point has a total of 17 roller coasters, and is currently tied with Six Flags Magic Mountain for the world's largest collection.

# Coaster Year Opened Manufacturer Description
1 Blue Streak 1964 Philadelphia Toboggan Company Wooden roller coaster featuring multiple consecutive dips.
2 Cedar Creek Mine Ride 1969 Arrow Dynamics Riders dip, turn, and dive along a scenic journey around the park.
3 Corkscrew 1976 Arrow Dynamics Riders are turned upside-down three times.
4 Disaster Transport 1985 Intamin AG Secured in bobsled-like vehicles, riders careen around tight turns on a track enclosed within the dark confines of a building.
5 Gemini 1978 Arrow Dynamics Twin roller coaster featuring multiple drops and banking turns.
6 Iron Dragon 1987 Arrow Dynamics Swinging coaches suspended from an overhead steel track whip around steeply banked turns and curves in and out of the treetops.
7 Jr. Gemini 1979 Intamin AG Junior roller coaster, and the first roller coaster manufactured by Intamin.
8 Magnum XL-200 1989 Arrow Dynamics Riders experience zero gravity weightlessness as they brave a multiple succession of large drops.
9 Mantis 1996 Bolliger & Mabillard Riders experience four upside-down turns while in a standing position.
10 Maverick 2007 Intamin AG Riders encounter tight curves, sweeping turns and a sudden burst of acceleration halfway through the ride. First drop is at a 92 degree angle
11 Mean Streak 1991 Dinn Corporation Wooden roller coaster featuring sweeping turns and large drops.
12 Millennium Force 2000 Intamin AG Riders brave an opening drop of 30 stories and multiple banking turns. Voted #1 steel roller coaster in the world by Amusement Today 6 times since 2001.
13 Raptor 1994 Bolliger & Mabillard Floorless coaches suspended beneath an overhead track whip around steep turns and six inversions.
14 Top Thrill Dragster 2003 Intamin AG Riders accelerate from 0 to 120 mph (190 km/h) in four seconds and climb 42 stories into the air.
15 Wicked Twister 2002 Intamin AG Floorless coaches suspended beneath an overhead track traverse the track forward and in reverse.
16 WildCat 1970 Anton Schwarzkopf Riders navigate tight turns and sudden dips.
17 Woodstock Express 1999 Vekoma Mild roller coaster designed specifically for families with young children.

Thrill rides

  • Calypso – A Mack Calypso ride that spins riders in two degrees of motion.
  • Cedar Downs Racing Derby Originally from Euclid Park on the east side of Cleveland and called the "Great American Racing Derby",[21] Cedar Downs was manufactured in 1920 by Prior and Church and sold to Cedar Point in 1965, this Carousel simulates a horse race and is one of only three still operating today. The other two are located at Playland,[22] in Rye, New York; and Pleasure Beach, Blackpool, in Blackpool, UK.
  • Dodgem - A classic bumper car attraction.[23]
  • Matterhorn – A Mack Matterhorn circular ride that swings riders as it moves in a clockwise motion while traveling up and down.
  • maXair – A Huss Giant Frisbee ride that holds 50 riders, which swings back and forth at an arc of up to 120 degrees and reaches a height of 140 feet (43 m).[23]
  • Monster – A standard Eyerly Monster ride.
  • Ocean Motion - A giant swinging pirate ship
  • Power Tower – A drop tower ride featuring both a Space Shot and Turbo Drop. Power Tower is the only four-towered drop tower ride in the world, devoting two towers to each drop cycle. All four towers are 240 feet (73 m) tall.[23]
  • Scrambler – An Eli Bridge Scrambler ride that is one of the oldest rides at Cedar Point.
  • Skyhawk – An S&S Screamin' Swing, which is currently the world's largest swinging ride. It reaches a height of 125 feet (38 m), speed of 60 mph (97 km/h), and swings up to an arc of 92 degrees.[23]
  • Super Himalaya – A circular Mack Musik Express ride that travels in a clockwise motion on a track of various elevations.
  • Troika – A common Huss Troika ride. It's just like the Scrambler, but on this ride, your car rises 25 feet (7.6 m) above the ground.[23]
  • Wave Swinger – A Zierer Wave Swinger ride featuring hand painted murals.
  • WindSeeker - Look straight down at the ground 301 feet (92 m) below in this new ride for 2011. Rise up 301 feet (92 m) in the air in one of 32 double seats that spins around a center pole at a max speed of 25-30 mph.[14] Windseeker opened on June 14, 2011.[15]
  • Witches' Wheel – A Huss Enterprise attraction. A thrilling variation of the Ferris wheel, the Witches' Wheel turns riders upside down more than a dozen times nearly 60 feet (18 m) above the midway at a 90 degree angle.[23]

Water rides

  • Shoot The Rapids – A log flume (attraction) ride designed by Intamin AG, that opened during the 2010 season. Shoot the Rapids has two drops, one of 85 feet (26 m) and another of 49 feet (15 m), and two splashdowns. The ride also features waterfalls, rock work, and water bombs.
  • Snake River Falls – A shoot-the-chutes ride designed by Arrow Dynamics, Snake River Falls opened in 1993 as the tallest and steepest water ride in the world.
  • Thunder Canyon – A river rafting ride designed by Intamin AG, Thunder Canyon opened in 1986. Thunder Canyon was the second ever Intamin AG river rafting ride built, and is currently the oldest operating water ride of its type. Thunder Canyon normally closes in early September in order to transform into a Halloween attraction called CornStalkers (formerly Werewolf Canyon).

Family rides

  • Antique Cars – An automobile track ride designed by Arrow Dynamics. One of three track rides in the park.
  • Cadillac Cars – A second track ride with cars designed to look like a 1914 Cadillac. Also made by Arrow Dynamics.
  • Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad – Opened in 1963. The 15-minute train excursion encompasses a two-mile (3 km) trip along Lake Erie and through a western themed "Bone Town".[1]
  • Dinosaurs Alive! - A walk through dinosaur attraction on Adventure Island. Opening in 2012, the attraction will have an extra cost of $5 per person.
  • Giant Wheel – A Ferris wheel Manufactured by Anton Schwarzkopf.[24] At 136 feet (41 m) tall, Giant Wheel is one of the tallest Ferris wheels in North America.[2]
  • Kiddy Kingdom Carousel – A carousel designed by the William H. Dentzel firm of Philadelphia. It is located in the Kiddie Kingdom section of the park.
  • Midway Carousel – One of the few remaining Daniel Muller Carousels, it was built in 1912 and moved to Cedar Point 1946. It is the oldest operating ride at Cedar Point.
  • Sky Ride – Manufactured by Von Roll, this standard aerial tram-way opened in 1961.
  • Space Spiral – This 330-foot (100 m) tall Von Roll tower gives riders a 360-degree view of the surrounding area. Space Spiral was the first amusement park ride in the world to top 300 feet (91 m) and was the tallest in the world when it was built. Space Spiral is the second tallest ride in the park if you include the antenna.
  • Tilt-a-Whirl – A Sellner Tilt-A-Whirl ride.
  • Turnpike Cars – The park's third car track ride, it features big 1960s-style cruising cars.

Children's rides

  • 4x4's
  • Balloon Race
  • Bumper Boats
  • Camp Bus
  • Dune Buggies
  • Flying Ace Balloon Race
  • Frog Hopper
  • Helicopters
  • Hot Rods
  • Kite Eating Tree
  • Krazy Kars
  • Lolli Swing
  • Motorcycles
  • Mustangs
  • Old Timers
  • Peanuts 500
  • Peanuts Road Rally
  • Police Cars
  • Red Baron
  • Rock Spin & Turn
  • Roto Whip
  • Sir Rub-a-Dub's Tubs
  • Sky Fighters
  • Snoopy's Deep Sea Divers
  • Snoopy's Express Railroad
  • Snoopy's Space Race
  • Space Age
  • Woodstock's Whirlybirds
Top Thrill Dragster

Roller coaster rankings

The following steel and wooden coasters were ranked by Amusement Today in 2011:

Steel

Wooden

Cedar Point also holds several IAAPA Big E Awards for Live Entertainment productions.

Slogans

  • Early 20th century: "America's Most Beautiful Summer Pleasure Health Resort"
  • Mid 1930s: "Queen of American Watering Places"
  • 1951-56: "The Most Popular Summer Vacationland in the Midwest"
  • 1972: "Cedar Point, so new 72, It's like you've never been there before!"
  • 1974-75: "All the places that you wanna go this summer are at Cedar Point"
  • 1976: "Cedar Point, for the time of your life"
  • 1977: "With more rides than ever before, and a lot more than just rides. Cedar Point."
  • 1978: "And share it, with someone you love, Cedar Point"
  • 1979-1985: "The Amazement Park," while ads featured "Cedar Point is the cure for the summertime blues" (sung as a modified version of the classic Eddie Cochran song "Summertime Blues")
  • 1986-87: "The Cure for the Summertime Blues!"
  • Late 1989-early 1990s: "Get to the Point!"
  • Early 1990–present: "America's Roller Coast"/"America's Rockin' Roller Coast"
  • Mid 1990s: Commercials featuring hairstyles caused by Cedar Point's collection of roller coasters hit local television. One actress had a large wind-whipped "Frankenstein's Bride-esque" hairdo caused by a day at Cedar Point and her line at the end of the commercial was: "I call it the Sandusky!" This commercial ran during the "Get to the Point!" ad campaign.
  • 1995: "Real Thrills"
  • 2000-03: "Hold On!"
  • 2003-04: "Are You Ready?"
  • 2004-05: "Absolutely Amazing"
  • 2010-present: "The Fun and Only", "Ride Warriors", "Ride On!"

Retired attractions

Among the notable rides and attractions Cedar Point was home to in the past (with their last year of operation):

  • Switchback Railway (ca. 1907) — Cedar Point's first roller coaster.
  • High Frolics (1940) — Built in 1918 by Andy Vettle, this coaster was originally called "Leap Frog Railway".
  • Cyclone (1951) — A Traver-built wooden twister built in 1929.
  • Zugspitz (1966) - A Himalaya-like ride; demolished when Super Himalaya was built in 1972.
  • Scamper (1969) — Wooden Wild Mouse roller coaster built in 1962.
  • Comet (1969) - A Hrubetz Round Up; removed to make room for Trabant/Schwabinchen in 1990.
  • Jumbo Jet (1978) — A steel roller coaster similar to the Wildcat, but larger and longer. It used individual self-powered cars to run up a spiral lift hill unassisted. The coaster run had some 90° sections, and an ATC-style radar prop rotated up above the ride. The Jumbo Jet had the tallest height requirement in the park at the time. One of several built by Schwarzkopf, CP's Jumbo Jet is now at Dreamland[disambiguation needed ] in Minsk, Belarus.
  • Sky Wheel (1980) — Two smaller Ferris wheels mounted on opposite ends of a giant pivoting arm, allowing one wheel to turn high in the air while the other was being loaded. It was located in the middle of the Funway in front of the main entrance.
  • Fun House (1981) — A creepy 3-story walk-through house. Of particular popularity was the upside-down room (which featured someone in a rocking chair on the ceiling) and the labyrinth room where the floor was at an angle. At the end of the tour was a stairway back to ground level, but kids had the option of exiting via one of three enclosed spiral slides. Replaced with the Kid Arthur's Court play area, which would also eventually be removed. Portions of this attraction are used in the Holloweekends attraction "The House on Boo Hill".
  • Shoot the Rapids (1981) — A lengthy flume ride with twin tracks. Located in Frontiertown near the train station. In 2010, a new water ride opened with the same name, but in a different location.
  • Earthquake (1984) — A dark ride based on the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. This ride formerly operated at Freedomland U.S.A. and was relocated to Cedar Point in 1966.
  • Bayern Kurve (1984) — A bobsled-themed ride that ran around an ovoid track.
  • Rotor (1984)- A round, cylinder room in which the walls spun while the floor dropped, leaving riders stuck to the wall by centrifugal force.
  • Tiki-Twirl (1984) — a Tilt-A-Whirl type ride. Similar to the Calypso, the difference being that the Tiki-Twirl featured tropical theming.
  • Frontier Lift (1985) — A second sky ride which operated separate from the existing one. It ran from the main midway to Frontiertown. The site of the midway station is now the queueing area of the Iron Dragon, but the Frontiertown station still stands; restrooms occupy the ground floor, while the second floor is used for employee meetings and storage.
  • Avalanche Run (1989) — Opened in 1985, this ride reopened in 1990 as Disaster Transport after it was enclosed and rethemed.
The Sky Slide in 1975. Note the Colosseum in the background.
  • Trabant (1990) and Schwabinchen (2002) — two rides in which the riders sat on the ends of a round disc-shaped object similar to a flattened cone. The ride motion pattern resembled that of a spinning coin before coming to rest. Theming was different; the Schwabinchen featured a beautiful German tavern dancer in the ride's center, where riders "sat" on the outskirts of the "Lady In Red's" dress, while the Trabant had a disco ball as its centerpiece.
  • Sky Slide (1991) — A huge cyan-colored fiberglass slide located just west of the Main Arcade. Guests had to sit on a burlap mat while sliding down. There were two long steep drops followed by a short dip, and the slide had 15 "lanes" for riders. Unfortunately, the adjacent first-aid station saw many treatments for slide-related friction burns.
  • Mill Race (1993) — A flume ride that was located near the main entrance. It had a relatively small footprint, and was one of the first Arrow Dynamics flume rides opened. The final drop on this ride was once sponsored by Nestea and was called the "Nestea Plunge", named after a very popular advertising slogan of the time. This ride was retired after the 1993 season to make room for Raptor.
  • Jungle Larry's African Safari (1994) — A zoological attraction with live animal exhibits, including some trained-animal shows. Originally, guests had to walk a long bridge over a lagoon to get there. When the midway was extended in 1976, this part of the lagoon was filled in. For its remaining 18 years, Jungle Larry's was located in the shadow of the Corkscrew.
  • Pirate Ride (1996) — A pirate-themed dark ride located near the Blue Streak queueing area. This ride formerly operated at Freedomland U.S.A. and was relocated to Cedar Point in 1966.
  • Vertigo (2001) — An air powered thrill ride that used three 265-foot (81 m)-tall towers and cable to propel riders over 300 feet (91 m). This ride was damaged during a storm and partially collapsed after its debut season. Park management felt the potential for failure of this ride design outweighed the positive impact made by repairing it, and it was removed prior to the start of the 2002 season.
  • White Water Landing (2005) — A log flume built by Arrow Dynamics in 1982 on the former site of the original Shoot the Rapids. It operated for twenty-three years before it was retired to make room for Maverick. The station and queue are now part of Maverick's queue.
  • Demon Drop (2009) — An Intamin freefall attraction. It was relocated to Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom and was opened for the 2010 season.[25]
  • Chaos (2010) – A Chance-Morgan Chaos that opened in 1997 as one of the first rides of its kind in the world. It inverts its riders in three degrees of motion: lifting, inverting, and spinning. Chaos is currently for sale and was removed after the 2010 season.
  • Paddlewheel Excursions (formerly Western Cruise) (2011) – Boats that transport its guests on a relaxing voyage around Cedar Point’s lagoons past scenes depicting early Americana. Paddlewheel Excursions closed on Labor Day 2011 to make room for Dinosaurs Alive, an attraction scheduled to open in 2012.

HalloWeekends

HalloWeekends is a special event that only takes place during the Halloween season. Its attractions are usually Halloween related indoors and outdoors during the day and night. One instance is that Disaster Transport is turned into "Happy Jack's Toy Factory", a haunted toy factory that has its Toys come alive and scare the visitors. The Attraction has a fogged Hall of Mirrors that the visitors go through before entering the store/factory itself. Upon entering, the visitors come across haunted and Possessed toys, stuffed animals, dolls, and when the visitors reach the exit, they go through a hallway of endlessly urinating baby dolls, getting soaked and wet in the process. The outside attractions are run by "Screamsters" who are commanded to scare the visitors by the overlord when night falls. The outside attractions are CarnEvil, The Fright Zone, CornStalkers, Fear Faire, Blood On The Bayou, Maniacal, Mechanical Screamworks, and Terror Island. Other indoor attractions are G.A. Boeckling's Eerie Estate, Club Blood, Eternity Infimary, and Dr. D. Mented's Insane Asylum For The Criminally Insane. HalloWeekend's yearly slogan is "ALL YOU FEAR IS HERE!"

Popular culture

Cedar Point has surfaced in several movies, TV shows, and books:

  • In Bob Greene's book Be True to Your School: A Diary of 1964 (ISBN 0-689-11612-8), Greene and two friends, who all live in suburban Columbus, Ohio, take a trip in August to Cedar Point.
  • In the movie Knute Rockne, All American, as a life guard on the beach at Cedar Point, Knute and his college roommate and teammate, Gus Dorais, worked on the forward pass. The forward pass was first used in a scrimmage game on the Cedar Point beach.
  • Characters in the movie Edge Of Seventeen work at a restaurant at Cedar Point. Though the movie is set in the 1980s, the only shot featuring the park is filmed at a distance and clearly shows Raptor, which was built in 1994.
  • The 2004 movie Close Encounters of the Fourth Kind: Infestation From Mars[26] is set in Sandusky and contains numerous scenes set at the park. Cedar Point plays an integral role to the plot of the movie. Some Cedar Point executives appear in the movie in cameo roles. Also employees of that year and guests that were there during certain days of filming were filmed, if they wished, in scenes involving larger crowds throughout the park.
  • In Cinda Williams Chima's book "The Warrior Heir," the main characters take a field trip to Cedar Point with their high school class.
  • In an episode of the television show Glee, which is set in Lima, Ohio, cheerleader Quinn (Diana Agron) tells her coach, Sue Sylvester (Jane Lynch) that she and the other cheerleaders sold their season tickets to Cedar Point on Ebay.

References

  1. ^ "Complete Ride List". Cedar Point. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080307020950/http://www.cedarpoint.com/public/news/faq.cfm?current_root=234. Retrieved April 2, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Cedar Point Marinas". Cedar Point. http://marinas.cedarpoint.com. Retrieved December 30, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Amusement Today — Golden Ticket Winners 2010" (PDF). Amusement Today. http://www.goldenticketawards.com/PDF/GTA2010issue.pdf. Retrieved September 12, 2010. 
  4. ^ "History of Cedar Point", LoveToKnow, January 5, 2008, http://themeparks.lovetoknow.com/History_of_Cedar_Point, retrieved October 8, 2009 
  5. ^ "Sandusky Star Journal", 1922-12-2
  6. ^ a b "The History of Fun: Cedar Point Celebrates Its Past", Cedar Point, http://www.cedarpoint.com/public/news/history/index.cfm, retrieved August 11, 2010 
  7. ^ "Sandusky Register", 1897-12-5
  8. ^ CP: Queen of American Watering Places, l988
  9. ^ CP: Queen of American Watering Places, 1988
  10. ^ Sandusky Register", September 28, l899
  11. ^ http://www.junglelarry.com/cedar-point-jungle-larry.html
  12. ^ "Cedar Point History". Cedar Point-on-Lake Erie by The Point Online. May 27, 2009. http://www.thepointol.com/cponle/history/index9.html. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Starlight Experience Review". The Point Online. May 27, 2009. http://www.thepointol.com/news/2009/29.html. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "WindSeeker", Cedar Point, August 24, 2010, http://www.cedarpoint.com/public/park/rides/thrill/windseeker/, retrieved August 24, 2010 
  15. ^ a b "Windseeker Now Open at Cedar Point!", The Point Online, June 16, 2011, http://thepointol.com/2011/06/windseeker-now-open-at-cedar-point/, retrieved June 16, 2011 
  16. ^ Scollins, Mike (20 October 2010). "Magic Mountain: More Coasters Than Any Other Theme Park ON THE PLANET!". Six Flags Blog. http://blog.sixflags.com/2010/10/magic-mountain-more-coasters-than-any-other-theme-park-on-the-planet/. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  17. ^ MacDonald, Brady (19 October 2010). "Six Flags Magic Mountain to run Superman coaster backward". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/19/news/la-trb-superman-six-flags-magic-mountain-20101019. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  18. ^ MacDonald, Brady (19 October 2010). "Six Flags Magic Mountain aims to reclaim coaster crown with Green Lantern in 2011". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/travel/destinations/southerncalifornia/la-trb-green-lantern-magic-mountain-20111019,0,4055452.story. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  19. ^ Nguyen, Janet (September 6, 2007). "For 10th Year, Top Rating Gets to the Point". Sandusky Register. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071020184342/http://thepointol.com/news/2007/91.html. Retrieved October 15, 2007. 
  20. ^ Cedar Point Resorts Website
  21. ^ Euclid Beach Park Now, Park History/Timeline.
  22. ^ "Derby Racher". Playland. http://www.ryeplayland.org/RidesAttactions/MajorRides/Rides6.htm. Retrieved December 30, 2007. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Cedar Point Thrill Rides". http://www.cedarpoint.com/public/park/rides/thrill/index.cfm. 
  24. ^ "Giant Wheel". Cedar Point. Archived from the original on December 18, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071218195513/http://www.cedarpoint.com/public/park/rides/tranquil/giant_wheel.cfm. Retrieved December 30, 2007. 
  25. ^ "Demon Drop won't join Knott's lineup after all", The Orange County Register, December 2, 2009, http://ocresort.freedomblogging.com/2009/12/02/demon-drop-wont-join-knotts-lineup-after-all/26729/, retrieved August 11, 2010 
  26. ^ Close Encounters of the 4th Kind: Infestation from Mars at the Internet Movie Database

Further reading

  • Francis, David W.; Diane DeMali Francis (2004). Cleveland Amusement Park Memories. Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-886228-89-4. 
  • Francis, David W.; Diane DeMali Francis (1995). Cedar Point: The Queen of American Watering Places. Amusement Park Books. ISBN 0935408037. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cedar Point — Расположение Сандаски, США Сайт www.cedarpoint.com/ …   Википедия

  • Cedar Point — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cedar Point Señal de entrada a Cedar Point Ubicación Sandusky, Ohio, EEUU. Propietario Cedar Fair Entertainment Company Apertura …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cedar Point — Der Park aus der Luft gesehen. Ort Sandusky/Ohio Eröffnung 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cedar Point — Cedar Point, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 929 Housing Units (2000): 893 Land area (2000): 2.433285 sq. miles (6.302180 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.433285 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cedar Point, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 262 Housing Units (2000): 126 Land area (2000): 1.022321 sq. miles (2.647798 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.022321 sq. miles (2.647798 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cedar Point, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 53 Housing Units (2000): 28 Land area (2000): 0.067710 sq. miles (0.175368 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067710 sq. miles (0.175368 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cedar Point, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 929 Housing Units (2000): 893 Land area (2000): 2.433285 sq. miles (6.302180 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.433285 sq. miles (6.302180 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cedar Point — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cedar Point (Illinois). 41° 28′ 48″ N 82° 40′ 55″ W / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cedar Point — Original name in latin Cedar Point Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/New York longitude 34.68766 latitude 77.07245 altitude 7 Population 1279 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Cedar Point Amusement Park — Cedar Point Pour les homonymes, voir Cedar Point (Illinois) dans le Comté de LaSalle aux États Unis. 41° 28′ 48″ N 82° 40′ 55″ W / …   Wikipédia en Français


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