Philip the Apostle
). The authors of the
Synoptic Gospelsalso describe Philip as a disciple of Jesus (see ).]
Of the four Gospels, Philip figures most prominently in the Gospel of John. His two most notable appearances in the narrative are as a link to the Greek-speaking Jewish community: Philip introduces members of this community to Jesus (, ).
Christian stories about St Philip's life and ministry can be found in the extra-canonical writings of later Christians than in the New Testament. One of the most reliable fragments of knowledge about Philip comes from the head of the
Catechetical School of Alexandria, Clement, who states that Philip was married, had children, and one of his daughters was also married. [: "Or do they also scorn the apostles? Peter and Philip had children, and Philip gave his daughters in marriage." Clement of Alexandria, "Miscellanies", [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/clement-stromata-book3-english.html 3.6.52] , retrieved March 8, 2007.] Other legendary material about Philip can be misleading, as many hagiographers conflated Philip the Apostle with Philip the Evangelist. The most notable and influential example of this is the hagiography of Eusebius, in which Eusebius clearly assumes that both Philips are the same person. [For an example of Eusebius identifying Philip the Apostle with the Philip mentioned in Acts, see Eusebius of Ceasaria, "Church History", 3.31.5 (available [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf201.iii.viii.xxxi.html online] , retrieved March 14, 2007).] As early as 1260, Jacobus de Voraginenoted in his Golden Legendthat the account of Philip's life given by Eusebius was not to be trusted. [Jacobus de Voragine, "The Golden Legend", [http://www.catholic-forum.com/Saints/golden189.htm online version] , retrieved March 14, 2007.]
Later stories about Saint Philip's life can be found in the anonymous "
Acts of Philip", probably written by a contemporary of Eusebius. [Craig A. Blaising, "Philip, Apostle" in "The Encyclopedia of Early Christianity", ed. Everett Ferguson (New York: Garland Publishing, 1997).] This non-canonical book recounts the preaching and miracles of Philip. Following the resurrection of Jesus, Philip was sent with his sister Mariammeand Bartolomew to preach in Greece, Phrygia, and Syria. ["Acts of Philip", especially book 8, available [http://www.meta-religion.com/World_Religions/Christianity/Other_Books/New_Testament_Apocrypha/acts_of_philip.htm online] , retrieved March 14, 2007.] Included in the "Acts of Philip" is an appendix, entitled "Of the Journeyings of Philip the Apostle: From the Fifteenth Act Until the End, and Among Them the Martyrdom." This appendix gives an account of Philip's martyrdom in the city of Hierapolis. [Available [http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/ANF-08/anf08-92.htm#P7670_2355418 online] (retrieved March 14, 2007).] According to this account, through a miraculous healing and his preaching Philip converted the wife of the proconsul of the city. This enraged the proconsul, and he had Philip, Bartholomew, and Mariamme all tortured. Philip and Bartholomew were then crucified upside down, and Philip preached from his cross. As a result of Philip's preaching the crowd released Bartholomew from his cross, but Philip insisted that they not release him, and Philip died on the cross.
Unity Church, Philip is the Apostle associated with the power of dominion, or power, as per Charles Fillmore's " The Twelve Powers of Man".
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11799a.htm St. Philip the Apostle] article from "
The Catholic Encyclopedia" (1911)
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01626c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Apostle] article regarding the title "Apostle" from The Catholic Encyclopedia
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/Saints/saintp21.htm Catholic Forum: "St. Philip"]
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=103299 Holy, All-Praised Apostle Philip] Orthodox
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Philip the Apostle, Saint Philip
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Apostle of Jesus, Christian Saint and Martyr
DATE OF BIRTH=unknown
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=c. 80
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Philip the Apostle, Saint — • Brief article on this New Testament figure in Scripture and Christian tradition Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Philip The Apostle, Saint — ▪ Christian Apostle born , Bethsaida of Galilee died 1st century, ; Western feast day May 3, Eastern feast day November 14 one of the Twelve Apostles. Mentioned only by name in the Apostle lists of the Synoptic Gospels, he is a frequent… … Universalium
St. Philip the Apostle — St. Philip the Apostle † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Philip the Apostle Like the brothers, Peter and Andrew, Philip was a native of Bethsaida on Lake Genesareth (John 1:44). He also was among those surrounding the Baptist when the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Philip the Evangelist — appears several times in the Acts of the Apostles. He was one of the Seven Deacons chosen to care for the poor of the Christian community in Jerusalem (), though the account may refer to Philip the Apostle.He is first mentioned in the Acts of the … Wikipedia
Philip The Evangelist, Saint — ▪ Christian saint also called Philip The Deacon born 1st century, ; feast day June 6 in the early Christian church, one of the seven deacons appointed to tend the Christians of Jerusalem, thereby enabling the Apostles to freely conduct… … Universalium
Thomas the Apostle — Saint Thomas the Apostle The Incredulity of St Thomas by Caravaggio Apostle Born 1st century AD … Wikipedia
Bartholomew the Apostle — Bartholomew redirects here. For other uses, see Bartholomew (disambiguation). Saint Bartholomew the Apostle Saint Bartholomew (right) with Saint John, by Dosso Dossi Apostle, Marty … Wikipedia
Prayer of the Apostle Paul — The Prayer of the Apostle Paul was the first manuscript from the Jung Codex (Codex I) of the Nag Hammadi Library. It seems to have been added to the codex after the longer tractates had been copied. Although the text, like the rest of the codices … Wikipedia
Conversion of Paul the Apostle — This article is about the events in the life of Paul of Tarsus. For the painting by Caravaggio, see The Conversion of Saint Paul (Caravaggio). For the painting by Michelangelo, see The Conversion of Saul (Michelangelo). For the parish, see… … Wikipedia
apostle — apostlehood, apostleship, n. /euh pos euhl/, n. 1. any of the early followers of Jesus who carried the Christian message into the world. 2. (sometimes cap.) any of the original 12 disciples called by Jesus to preach the gospel: Simon Peter, the… … Universalium