Haridasa Thakur

Infobox ReligiousBio
background = #FFA01A
name = Haridasa Thakur

religion = Gaudiya Vaishnavism-ISKCON
alias = Mama thakur, Yavana Haridas,
location = Mayapur and Puri India
Title = Nama acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
Period =
Predecessor = Advaita Acharya and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Successor =
ordination = Vaishnava-Diksa
post = Namacharya
date of birth = 1450
place of birth = East Bengal
date of death =
place of death = Puri, India
website = [http://www.dharmakshetra.com/sages/Saints/haridas.html]

Haridasa Thakur (IAST IAST|Haridāsa) (born 1451 or 1450) was a prominent Vaishnava saint, instrumental in the early appearance and spread of the Hare Krishna movement. He is considered to be the most famous convert of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, apart from Rupa Goswami and Sanatana Goswami themselves, and the story of his heroism in the face of torture is told in Chaitanya Charitamrta, "Antya lila".cite journal
author = Dimock, Jr, E.C.
year = 1963
title = Doctrine and Practice among the Vaisnavas of Bengal
journal = History of Religions
volume = 3
issue = 1
pages = p.106
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0018-2710(196322)3%3A1%3C106%3ADAPATV%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] Besides being an ex-Muslim,cite journal
author = O'Connell, J.T.
year = 1973
title = The Word'Hindu'in Gaudiya Vaisnava Texts
journal = Journal of the American Oriental Society
volume = 93
issue = 3
pages = 340-344
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-0279(197307%2F09)93%3A3%3C340%3ATW'IGV%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] he is famous because of his dedication to the religious practice of constantly chanting the names of God. Haridasa Thakura and Advaita Acharya are two senior and well-respected religious personalities of Gaudiya Vaishnavism in the local area of Mayapur, prayed for the descent of the "yugavatara", (avatara of the era) believed to be Chaitanya.cite journal
author = Rosen, S.J.
year = 2004
title = Who Is Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu>
journal = The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant
url = http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&id=mBMxPdgrBhoC&oi=fnd&pg=PA63&dq=%22Haridasa+Thakura%22&ots=r4SQR7_w6Y&sig=h2WMAhOS3bXTdFp7hOdtVU-jTd0
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] As an associate of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, he is named the acharya of the holy name and he embodied concern for others.cite journal
author = Dasi, R.D.
year =
title = Vaishnava Family and Youth Conference Vaisnavas in the World: The Journey of the Compassionate Servant, ICJ 9.1.
url = http://iskcon.com/icj/9_1/radha.html
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] Its believed that Chaitanya himself installed Haridasa as His "IAST|nāmācarya", meaning the 'teacher of the Name', disregarding the fact that he was Muslim-born.cite journal
author = Goswami
year = H.D.
title = For Whom Does Hinduism Speak?
url = http://iskcon.com/icj/7_1/71hdg.html
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] Haridasa Thakura, was a devotee of Lord Krishna and had practiced chanting the names of the Lord, Hare Krishna, 300,000 times daily.cite book |author=Suman N. Bhat |title=Biographies of Saints of the Masses |publisher=Sura Books |location= |year=2007 |pages= p.18|isbn=81-7478-630-9 |oclc= |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=hPgqk2UgcmAC&pg=PA18&dq=%22haridasa%22+300000&ei=RJdFSL2-ArW2iQGAw8jFBg&client=firefox-a&sig=RETIcUu5r0NV5I-ggVze3EOrhQo |accessdate=] The Muslim name of Haridasa is not known.citation
author = A. N. Chatterjee
year = 1984
title = Srikṛṣṇa Caitanya: A Historical Study on Gauḍiya Vaiṣṇavism
url = http://books.google.com/books?client=firefox-a&id=mEsdAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22mama+thakur%22&q=yavan+haridas&pgis=1#search
accessdate = 2008-06-03
p. 89]


From the very beginning of Chaitanya's "bhakti" 16th century movement in Bengal, Haridasa Thakur and others Muslim by birth were the participants. This openness received a boost from Bhaktivinoda Thakura's broad-minded vision in the late 19th century and was institutionalized by Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati in his Gaudiya Matha in the 20th century.cite journal
author = Sherbow, P.H.
year = 2004
title = AC Bhaktivedanta Swami's Preaching In The Context Of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
journal = The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant
url = http://books.google.com/books?q=and%20others%20%20Haridasa%20of%20Muslim%20by%20birth%20were%20the%20participants&ie=UTF-8&oe=utf-8
pages = p.139
] A disciple of Bhaktisiddhanta, Srila A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, is the founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, that celebrates festivals memory of Haridasa Thakura in India and worldwide.cite journal
author = Sherbow, P.H.
year = 2004
title = AC Bhaktivedanta Swami's Preaching In The Context Of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
journal = The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant
url = http://books.google.com/books?q=and%20others%20%20Haridasa%20of%20Muslim%20by%20birth%20were%20the%20participants&ie=UTF-8&oe=utf-8
pages = p.139

However one of the early records of the period by Isana Nagara, (c. 1564), author of the "Advaita-prakasa", describes contemporary condition of the Hindus under 'Ala-ud-din Hussain Shah (1493-1519):

According to other historians however, in this period many Hindus were involved in government and during the period of the life of Haridasa, Vaishnavas were not under a political siege from Muslims, but their greatest adversaries were "brahmana" supporters of the cults of Chandi and Manasa."cite book |author=Rebecca Manring |title=Reconstructing tradition: Advaita Ācārya and Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism at the cusp of the twentieth century |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2005 |pages=p.150 |isbn=0-231-12954-8 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=] Some believe that due to the power of Krishna, Muslims most of the time are not in fact apt to be hostile to Vaishnavas and some of early biographical works were analyzed in detail to confirm that, at least some of them do not even note the well known fact that Haridasa was from a Muslim background, however signs of oppression by "yavana" and "mleccha" rulers seems to be evident in most of them.


According to Murari Gupta's "Krishna chaitanya charitamria", "mlecchas "(a word used for the followers of Islam) are the objects of Lords saving mercy, and as is the case of Haridasa shows, it produces even a great saint. While in contrast to this, another biographer, Kavi Karnapura, in his "Krishna Chaitanya Chartamritam Maha-vakyam", written in Sanskrit in 1542, makes no explicit references to Islam, and when referring to the famed saint, Haridasa, author does not speak of his parentage. The earliest biography however, "Chaitanya Bhagavata" would avoid use of the word 'mleccha', but would use 'yavana' some fifty times and it appears that the author himself knows more about Islam then an average Hindu will do. Whiles some contend that Haridasa was born of Muslim parents and instead was simply "brought up" by them, "Chaitanya Bhagavata" suggests that apostasy from Islam was a capital offense in Bengal at the time and local qazi became aware of the conversion of Haridasa and brought his before the district governor, also Muslim. Haridasa defends himself on the basis, that there is only one God with many names. In this remarkable scene and speech Vaishnava convert Haridasa Thakur refuses to recite from a Muslim scripture, and was therefore sentenced, beaten and left for dead in the river, he however recovered instantly, convincing many he was a pir, a special mystical person. As a result, according to the author of Chaitanya Bhagavata, qazi was removed from the office. Some suggest that the episode illustrates, that it was the pressure of communal prestige rather than desire of the governor to instill the law, that resulted in the punishment of Haridasa, when he was canned on the marketplaces. In contrast with it, even if Hussain Shah was depicted as a destructive ruler in Orissa, author attests that many yavanas were devoted to Chaitanya, and would weep over Chaitanya and confess their faith in him.cite book |author=Parasher-Sen, Aloka |title=Subordinate and marginal groups in early India |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford [Oxfordshire] |year=2004 |pages= [http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/0195665422/ref=sib_dp_pt# 412-415] |isbn=0-19-566542-2 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=] The elements of the historiographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Chaitanya Charitamrta and Chaitanya Bhagavata contain main points illustrating the religious bigotry of the Muslims and the consequent prosecution of the Hindus, Vaishnavas at the period. Both books retell a famous episode in the life of Chaitanya. He had introduced the public worship in the form of public kirtana and this enraged the local Muslim ruler. To prevent the recurrences of public kirtana the qazi patrolled the streets of Nadiya with a party. After organizing a large civil march, Chaitanya discussed with quazi the situation, who appears in more chastened mood. Author of Chaitanya Charitamrita attributes the change in the quazi's attitude to a miracle. In Chaitanya Chariamrita however it appears describes an overriding order by a superior of quazi to respect "sankirtan" Chaitanya, that was issued by the Husain Shah himself, who was impressed with the popularity of the saint. cite book |author= |title=Encyclopaedia of Historiography |publisher=Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd |location= |year=2006 |pages=pp.140-141 |isbn=81-261-2305-2 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=] Ishana in chapter 7 of his "Advaita-prakasa" introduces Haridasa, being originally a Muslim, Haridasa is such an anomalous figure that his presence in the community seems to require explanation. Although Chaitanya himself insited that anyone who is devoted to Krishna authomatically becomes a brahmana, there were only very few non-brahmana, who played a role of leadership in the young group of Gaudiya Vaishnava movement. Ishana uses a reference from Bhagavata Purana (S.Bhag 10.13-14) to support high place of Haridasa in Gaudiya Vaishnavism, and to illustrate spiritual power of his guru, Advaita, to elevate him to such a position.cite book |author=Rebecca Manring |title=Reconstructing tradition: Advaita Ācārya and Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism at the cusp of the twentieth century |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2005 |pages=p.168 |isbn=0-231-12954-8 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=]

Early life

Born in the village of Buron (Budana)cite book |author=Rebecca Manring |title=Reconstructing tradition: Advaita Ācārya and Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism at the cusp of the twentieth century |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2005 |pages=p.177 |isbn=0-231-12954-8 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=] , in the present district of Sat-kira, which was previously a sub-division of Khulna, now in Bangladesh. Haridasa was 35 years older than Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his prayers along with prayers of Advaita Acharya were the reason for Chaitanya Mahaprabhu descent. Ishana Nagara in his book "Advaita Prakasha", explains in great length that Haridasa Thakur was a follower of Advaita Acharya and also his close friend, he was raised in a Muslim family and then converted to Vaishnavism as a young man. Advaita Acharya repeatedly proclaims that becoming a Vaishnava, regardless of one's background, removes all past conditioning. [ cite book |author=Pechilis, Karen |title=The graceful guru: Hindu female gurus in India and the United States |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford [Oxfordshire] |year=2004 |pages=p.63 |isbn=0-19-514538-0 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=]

thumb|left|Film "The Life of Haridas Thakur" [">cite web
title=The Life of Haridas Thakur (DVD)
] |170px
When Haridasa Thakura was a young devotee of the Lord, he was allured by the incarnation of Maya-devi, but Haridasa easily passed the test because of his unalloyed devotion to Lord Krsna. [Bhaktivedanta Swami, A. C. (1972). " [http://www.asitis.com/The Bhagavad-gita As It Is] ", second edition. New York: Macmillan p.136.] He also believed to have stayed and chanted in a cave with a notorious snake, however, seemed unaffected by all of this. He did not even seem to be aware of the snake's presence.

Haridasa first became associated with Advaita Acarya. Haricarana Dasa, the biographer of Advaita Acharya says that all the demigods in heaven heard prayers of Advaita and reveal themselves to him, therefore when Advaita saw Haridasa, he could immediately recognizes that he was Brahma incarnate and named him Hari-dasa (literary meaning servant of God). He instructs Haridasa to recite Krishna's names and assures him that Krishna will always show mercy to Haridasa. The close relationship between the two and the fact that Advaita was feeding a Muslim, became a subject of malicious gossip. This apparent anomaly create a stir in a brahmana community, where others could not understand how a powerful ascetic was disregarding a convention of keeping a distance from Muslims. The fact that community was disturbed is reflected in both Chaitanya Charitamrita and in Chaitanya Bhagavata. Haricarana Dasa in his historical records, confirms that while Advaita was from the higher ranks of Bengali brahmana community, he completely ignored the facts about Haridasa's background, being impressed with the young man's heartfelt devotion. While others became upset with Advaitas attention to Haridasa, and threatened to excommunicate Advaita, Advaita tells Haridasa to pay no attention to 'those petty people' and Advaita schedules a fire ceremony, agnihotra for the morning, and when preparations for this ritual to begin, there is no fire to be found in the whole town, and because of this whole life of the village is at a standstill. Advaita points out to all local brahmana priests that if priests are true to their religious teachings, there must be fire, and tells them to approach Haridasa with dried grass in their hands. When Haridasa relights all the fires with his potency, he also according to this record, manifests his four-faced Brahma-like form. While Agni, deity of Vedas responsible for fire is under control of the brahmanas, its Muslim born Haridasa, who lights the fires lost by all brahmanas in the village by the power of his devotion, 'the purity those "born" brahmana have lost. [cite book |author=Rebecca Manring |title=Reconstructing tradition: Advaita Ācārya and Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism at the cusp of the twentieth century |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2005 |pages=pp.61-63 |isbn=0-231-12954-8 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=]


According to the philosophy of the holy name given by Haridasa Thakura, if you are on the platform of "namabhasa" (early or reflective stage of the pure chanting), it gives the chanter liberation, moksa.cite journal
author = Dasa, R.S.
year = 2000
title = Restoring the Authority of the GBC'
journal = ISKCON Communications Journal
volume = 8
issue = 1
url = http://www.iskcon.com/icj/8_1/rsd_talk.html
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] Whereas pure chanting gives "prema", or 'Love of God'.

An episode from Chaitanya Charitamrita illustrates different side of the life of Haridasa Thakura, and does not alludes to the trial of the Haridasa by the Muslim ruler, but gives details of a sakta brahmana, who would hire a harlot to try (unsuccessfully) to seduce the celibate saint. In this story the avenging instruments of diving justice are none other than the agents of the Muslim king, who eventually punishes Ramachandra Khan.(CC Antya. 3.98-163) [cite book |author=Parasher-Sen, Aloka |title=Subordinate and marginal groups in early India |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford [Oxfordshire] |year=2004 |pages=p.422 |isbn=0-19-566542-2]

Haridasa Thakur was chanting mantra consisting of the names "Hare", "Krishna" and "Rama". It appears originally in the IAST|Kali-Saṇṭāraṇa Upaniṣad:

It is often referred to as the 'Maha Mantra' by practitioners.

Following the footsteps of Haridasa Thakur in 1966, A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada established ISKCON (the International Society for Krishna Consciousness), a branch of the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Vaishnava sampradaya, and introduced the "Hare Krishna" mantra to the West, described as: "an easy yet sublime way of liberation in the Age of Kali."

Preaching of Hare Krishna chanting

He was asked to join forces with Nityananda who was older than Chaitanya by some eight years, and he believed to infuse into the movement a great passion. Haridasa and Nityananda are famed for conversion of two notorious scoundrels, Jagai and Madhai, of Navadvipa into the new faith.cite journal
author = Chakravarti, R.
year = 1977
title = Gaudiya Vaisnavism in Bengal
journal = Journal of Indian Philosophy
volume = 5
issue = 1
pages = 107-149
url = http://www.springerlink.com/index/R20K373605810656.pdf
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] They are considered important lieutenants in the campaign for spreading the "sankirtana" movement, chanting of the holy names: Brahma, in the form of Haridasa Thakura, and later, Balarama as Nityananda. [cite book |author=Rebecca Manring |title=Reconstructing tradition: Advaita Ācārya and Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism at the cusp of the twentieth century |publisher=Columbia University Press |location=New York |year=2005 |pages=94 |isbn=0-231-12954-8 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=]

Other associates of Chaitanya called Haridas

Different associates of Chaitanya with this name inlcude:

:1. "Haridasa Pandita" (also known as Sri Raghu Gopala and as Sri Rasa-manjari), a disciple of Sri Ananta Acaryam. He is according to Tarapada Mukherjee is of a later generation. [Mukherjee, Tarapada. 'ChaitanyacaritAmritamahAkAvya', Caturanga, May 1985 (Calcutta), 57-70.] [Mukherjee, Tarapada. 'Chaitanyacaritamriter racanakal evam vrajer gaudiyasampradaya', Sahitya Parishad Patrika, 87.1, 1987 (Calcutta), 1-39.] The fact that he is mentioned in the verses derived from Chaitanya Charitamrita, "Adi" 8 as a listener rather then participants in lila distinguishes them from contemporaries like that of Rupa and the others mentioned who were direct associates of Chaitanya. However according to Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the book which was read in the meetings of the first generation of Chaitanya followers in Vrindavan was the Bhagavatam itself and not Chaitanya's life story.cite journal
author = Brzezinski, J.K.
year = 1990
title = The Authenticity of the" Caitanyacaritamrtamahakavya
journal = Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
volume = 53
issue = 3
pages = 469-490
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0041-977X(1990)53%3A3%3C469%3ATAOT%22%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] :2. "Haridas" ("Junior"), who accompanied Chaitanya on the journey to South India. It is believed that Chaitanya forsook the company of Junior Haridas because of an incident, that was against strict principles of a detached saint.citation
author = A. N. Chatterjee
year = 1984
title = Srikṛṣṇa Caitanya: A Historical Study on Gauḍiya Vaiṣṇavism
url = http://books.google.ie/books?id=mEsdAAAAMAAJ&q=%22haridas%22&dq=%22mama+thakur%22&client=firefox-a&vq=%22The+History+of+Medieval+Vaishnavism+in+Orissa%22&source=gbs_book_citations_r&cad=1_1&pgis=1
accessdate = 2008-06-03
p. 27]


Haridasa Thakur in Gaudiya Vaishnavism is believed to be a combined incarnation of Brahma Mahatapa, the son of Richika Muni and Prahlada. The respected Murari Gupta has written in his Chaitanya Charitamrita that this muni’s son picked a tulasi leaf and offered it to Krishna without having washed it first. His father then cursed him to become a mleccha in his next life. He was thus born as Haridasa, a great devotee.("Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika" 93-95)cite book
author=B.V. Tirtha
title=Chaitanya: His Life and Associates
publisher=Mandala Publishing

"Nabadwip-dhama-mahatmya" by Bhaktivinoda Thakur has written the following account of how Brahma became Haridasa Thakur:From the above it is understood that he was an incarnation of the secondary creator Brahma. It is said that in order to overcome his pride, he asked for a birth in a lowly family. Similar description is found in "Advaita-vilasa".

Last years

Last years Haridasa has spent in Jagannatha Puri as a close associate of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. One time Caitanya Mahaprabhu took Haridasa Thakura within the flower garden, and in a very secluded place He showed him his residence. He asked Haridasa to remain there and chant the Hare Krishna mantra, and said that He would personally come there to meet him every day. “Remain here peacefully and look at the cakra on top of the temple and offer obeisances. As for as your prasadam is concerned, I shall arrange to have it sent here” [ [http://vedabase.net/cc/madhya/11/195/en Chaitanya Charitamrita ("Madhya-lila" 11.195)] . Although Haridasa was not allowed to visit the temple because of the custom, Chaitanya promised to come and see him daily. To the belief of Gaudiya Vaishnavas this indicates that Haridasa Thakura was so advanced in spiritual life that although he was considered unfit to enter the temple of Jagannatha, he’s being personally visited by the lord every day. Prabhupada however on a number of occasions states that one should not imitate the behavior of Haridasa Thakura. He says the spiritual master gives different orders to different disciples: [cite web
title=Tachycardia--Part 10
first=Satsvarupa Dasa


Quote box
width = 33%
align = right
quote = He reasons ill who tells that Vaishnavas die When thou art living still in Sound! The Vaishnavas die to live and living try To spread a holy life around!
source = - Bhaktivinoda Thakura on the tomb of Haridasa Thakura at Puri, India published in (BTG no. 66. 1974)
Its is believed that he was buried on the ocean shore by Caitanya himself.cite journal
author = Stewart, T.K.
year = 1991
title = When Biographical Narratives Disagree: the Death of Krsna Caitanya
journal = Numen
volume = 38
issue = 2
pages = 231-260
url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0029-5973(199112)38%3A2%3C231%3AWBNDTD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C
accessdate = 2008-06-02
] Dr. A. N. Chatterjee makes a point in his doctoral thesis entitled "Chaitanya's impact on medieval Indian society" that death of Haridasa Thakura is one of the most important incidents which deserve mention when dealing with the last few years of Caitanya Mahaprabhus life. Haridasa dies after most of other Gaudiya Vaishnavas depart home from Puri, he colapses one day while singing Krishnas name. He is then placing a foot of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu on his chest and dies crying out "Sri Krishna Chaitanya".http://www.krishnamedia.org/e-books/Narada_Bhakti_Sutra.pdf Narada-Bhakti-Sutra] : The Secrets of Transcendental Love", A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (Author), Satsvarupa Dasa Goswami (Author) ISBN 0892132736 p. 96]


cite book
author = Chaudhuri, J.
year = 1960
title = Mahaprabhu-Haridasam: The Mahaprabhu-Haridasam; a new Sanskrit drama on the life of Haridasa, one of the greatest devotees of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu of Bengal
publisher =
isbn =

Further info

For more details of his life story see Chaitanya Bhagavata published by Bhaktivedanta Book Trust and available for download.cite web
title=Free Download Chaitanya Bhagavata (ebook) by Bhaktivedanta Book Trust Inc (BBTi)
] In this text Haridasa's tribulations are given in detail. The text is prominently featured among all groups professing a Gaudiya Vaishnava association. [cite web
title=BANGLAPEDIA: Chaitanya Bhagavata
first=Tony K


ee also

* Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
* Hare Krishna
* Advaita Acharya


*cite web
title=The Story of Haridasa Thakur and Ramachandra Khan

*cite web
title=The Glories of Haridasa Thakura

*cite web
title=Haridasa Thakura

*cite web
title=Tulasi at Home
last=Kaunteya Das

*cite web
title=Haridas Thakur
publisher=ISKCON video presentations

*cite web
title=Parishad: Srila Haridasa Thakur
publisher=Sep 25, 2007. KUALA LUMPUR

*cite web
title=The departure of Haridas Thakura

*cite web

*cite web
title=Premadhavani - Words of Love

*cite web
title=Puri Orissa

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bhaktivinoda Thakur — Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur (September 2,1838 June 23, 1914), a prominent figure among the Gaudiya Vaishnavas of Bengal, was born Kedarnath Datta in the town of Birnagar, Bengal, India. He was the son of Raja Krsnananda Datta. Bhaktivinoda married… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhaktivinoda Thakur — (domingo 2 de septiembre de 1838 – 23 de junio de 1914) fue un religioso y escritor bengalí. Bhaktivinoda Thakur. bhakti vinoda ṭhakkura, según el sistema IAST de transliteración sánscrita. ठक्कुर, en letras devánagari. Etimología: ‘el caballero… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism — Gaudiya Vaishnava temple at Tirupathi Gaudiya Vaishnavism (also known as Chaitanya Vaishnavism[1] and Hare Krishna) is a Vaishnava religious movement founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534) in India in the 16th century. Gaudiya refers to the …   Wikipedia

  • Vaisnavismo gaudía — El vaisnavismo gaudiya (‘vishnuismo de Bengala’, en el norte oriente de la India) es un movimiento religioso krisnaísta fundado por el místico hindú Chaitania (1486 1534) en Bengala (India) en el siglo XVI. Un murti (estatua) de Chaitania en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chaitanya Mahaprabhu — Part of …   Wikipedia

  • Haridas — or Haridasa may refer to: * Haridas (1944 film) * Haridasa, South Indian (Kannada) devotional bhakti movementPeople with the name* Haridasa Thakur, prominent follower of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, a convert from Islam * Haridas Chaudhuri, Aurobindo… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura — Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur Prabhupada (February 3,1874 – January 1, 1937) [Renaissance of Gaudiya Vaishnava Movement Page 47] [http://www.scsmath.com/docs/articles/SarasTkrAp0503ParamaBhaktis.pdf] , was a highly influential preacher… …   Wikipedia

  • Hare Krishna — The Hare Krishna mantra, also referred to reverentially as the Maha Mantra ( Great Mantra ), is a sixteen word Vaishnava mantra made well known outside of India by the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (commonly known as the Hare… …   Wikipedia

  • Advaita Acharya — (1434 1539), is famous as a Gaudiya Vaishnava saint, and as being one of the close companions of the eminent Vaishnava preacher Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.cite journal author = Brzezinski, J.A.N. year = 2004 title = Charismatic Renewal And… …   Wikipedia

  • Tamal Krishna Goswami — Tamala Krishna Goswami (June 1946 ndash;March 15, 2002), born as Thomas G. Herzig in New York City, NY United States was a prominent figure in the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). He is specifically well known for his… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.