Barber


Barber

Infobox Occupation
name= PAGENAME


caption= Nikolaus Gysis, "The Barber"
official_names= Barber, hairdresser, hairstylist
type= Vocation
activity_sector=
competencies=
formation=
employment_field= Barbershops, hair salons
related_occupation=
average_salary=

A barber (from the Latin "barba", "beard") is someone whose occupation is to cut any type of hair, give shaves, and trim beards. In previous times, barbers also performed surgery and dentistry. [http://www.barberpolesdirect.com/history-of-barber-poles.html "History of Barber Poles"] page of [http://www.barberpolesdirect.com/ Barberpolesdirect.com] .] In more recent times, with the development of safety razors and the increasing rarity of beards, most barbers primarily cut hair.

Although many barbers may still deal with facial hair when requested, in American and Commonwealth culture most barbers specialize in the simple cutting of men's hair. They do not generally offer significant styling or 'fancy' haircuts when compared to hairdressers working in hair salons.

The place where a barber works is generally called a barbershop, or simply a "barber's".

"Hairdressers"/"hairstylists" vs "barbers"

A hairdresser is a universal term referring to someone whose occupation is to cut or style hair in order to change or maintain a person's image. This is achieved using a combination of hair colouring, haircutting and hair texture techniques.

Some barbers prefer to see themselves as hairdressers or hairstylists. There is a common misbelief that barbers do not perform any service other than hair cutting and that cosmetologists perform all coloring and perms. In fact, barbers can cut hair, trim beards, color, perm, provide facials and shave. They are also licensed to work with artificial hair replacement products (toupées, etc). Many working stylists are legally barbers. There is some professional rivalry between barbers and cosmetologists, both of which are licensed and regulated. At one time, both groups were allowed to cut hair, but only barbers were allowed to shave or trim beards: this required mastering the arcane technique of using a straight razor. Today, barbers and stylists may be found working side by side in establishments known as "male salons". "Male salons" have afforded the barber the opportunity to remain traditional in all aspects of the term, yet also progressively contemporary as fashion and trends evolve. In male salons, hairstylists and barbers seek to accommodate the modern male hairstyle trends by employing traditional hair styling and straight razor shaves with modern practices such as texturizing techniques and color.

History

The barber's trade is an ancient one. Razors have been found among relics of the Bronze Age (circa 3500 BC) in Egypt, and barbering is mentioned in the Bible by Ezekiel who said "Now, son of man, take a sharp sword and use it as a barber's razor to shave your head and your beard. (5:1 NIV)"

Shaving, either of the head or face, was not always a voluntary act, for it has been enforced by law in England and elsewhere. Cleanliness and vanity were therefore not the sole reasons for a "clean shave"; the origins lie deeper.

Before the Macedonian conquest brought the custom of clean shaving, the κουρευς in the Greek "agora" would trim and style his patrons' beards, hair, and fingernails, as gossip and debate flowed freely.http://www.barberpole.com/]

Barbering was introduced to Rome from the Greek colonies in Sicily in 296 B.C. and barber shops quickly became very popular centres for daily news and gossip. A morning visit to the "tonsor" became a part of the daily routine as important as the visit to the public baths, and a young man's first shave ("tonsura") was an essential part of his coming of age ceremony. A few Roman "tonsores" became wealthy and influential, running shops that were favorite "loci publici" of high society; most were simple tradesmen, owning small storefronts or setting up their stool in the street and offering shaves for a mere "quadrans". Some had reputations as clumsy butchers who left their patrons scarred about the cheeks and chin; their dull bronze or copper (never steel) razors must share some of the blame. The better barbers offered depilatories for those customers who refused the razor.

The barbers of former times were also surgeons and dentists. As well as haircutting, hairdressing, and shaving, barbers performed surgery, blood-letting, cupping and leeching, enemas, and the extraction of teeth. Thus they were called barber surgeons and they formed their first organization in 1094.

See also

* Barber's pole
* Barber surgeon
* Beauty Salon
* Hairstyle
* Cosmetology
* Facial hair
* DOVO Solingen
* Thiers Issard
*
* The Barber of Seville
* Sweeney Todd

External links

* [http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_text_wsd_sec20.htm William Stearns Davis on the barber shops of Athens]
* [http://www.oojufink.com/ oojufink - cyber barber etchings]
* [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Barba.html "Barba": entry in William Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities"]
* [http://www.brownshair.com/history.htm History of the barber's trade]
* [http://www.hair-heads.co.uk/ NVQ Hairdressing]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barber — (das englische Wort für Barbier) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Amos W. Barber (1861–1915), US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Wyoming Andrea Barber (* 1976), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Anthony Barber, Baron Barber… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • barber — [ barbe ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • 1882; « raser » 1600; de 1. barbe (3o) ♦ Fam. Ennuyer. ⇒ assommer, raser. Cela me barbe d y aller. Vous le barbez avec vos histoires. ♢ Pronom. SE BARBER : s ennuyer. On s est barbé toute la journée. ⇒ se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • BARBER (S.) — BARBER SAMUEL (1910 1981) Compositeur américain né à West Chester (Pennsylvanie), Samuel Barber reçoit très tôt une formation de pianiste et d’organiste avant d’étudier au Curtis Institute de Philadelphie (1924 1932) avec Rosario Scalero,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Barber — Bar ber (b[aum]r b[ e]r), n. [OE. barbour, OF. barbeor, F. barbier, as if fr. an assumed L. barbator, fr. barba beard. See 1st {Barb}.] One whose occupation it is to shave or trim the beard, and to cut and dress the hair of his patrons. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barber — Barber, Samuel * * * (as used in expressions) Barber, Red Walter Lanier Barber Barber, Samuel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Barber —   [ bɑːbə],    1) Chris, eigentlich Donald Christopher Barber, britischer Jazzposaunist und Bandleader, * Welwyn Garden City 17. 4. 1930. Seine 1953 gegründete Band gehörte bis Anfang der 60er Jahre zu den erfolgreichsten Formationen des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • barber — [bär′bər] n. [ME & OFr barbour; ult. < ML barbator < L barba,BEARD] a person whose work is cutting hair, shaving and trimming beards, etc. vt. to cut the hair of, shave, etc. vi. to work as a barber …   English World dictionary

  • Barber — Bar ber, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Barbered} (b[aum]r b[ e]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Barbering}.] To shave and dress the beard or hair of. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barber — Bar ber, n. (Meteor.) A storm accompanied by driving ice spicules formed from sea water, esp. one occurring on the Gulf of St. Lawrence; so named from the cutting ice spicules. [Canada] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barber — Barber, 1) (Jagdw.), so v.w. Barbet; 2) (Pferdew.), so v.w. Berber …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bärber — Bärber, Volk, so v.w. Barabra …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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