Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act
Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act, 2005 (CSPSA),(also called as Chhattisgarh Vishesh Jan Suraksha Adhiniyam, 2005)is a law in the state of Chhattisgarh passed by the Chhattisgarh assembly in December 2005. The Bill received the assent of the President of India and was brought into effect by notification issued on 12 April, 2006.
PUDR (People's Union For Democratic Rights) pointed out that although this Act was ostensibly meant to combat growing Maoist violence, all the Maoist groups operating in Chhattisgarh were already banned and declared unlawful organisations after the 2004 amendment to the Unlawful Activities - Act, 1967 The CSPSA provides provisions authorises the police to detain a person for committing acts, which among other things, show a “tendency to pose an obstacle to the administration of law”. The act also states any person whose actions “encourage(s) the disobedience of the established law” will be considered “unlawful”.
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, in a statement, said that the present definition of “unlawful activities” imperils free exercise of fundamental freedoms set out under Article 19 of the Constitution and illustratively it appears to restrict the right to hold public meetings; organise public protests; and oppose government policies through the media.
Six organisations were banned under this act. Dr. Binayak Sen, General Secretary, Chhattisgarh People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), and Vice-President, National PUCL was detained under this Act on 14 May, 2007 allegedly for his linkages with the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
Human rights activists says this legislation will lead to increased repression of human rights.
PUDR statement says this legislation is meant to suppress all political dissent in the state This is evident from the fact that Maoist groups were already banned under 2004 amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.
The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative(CHRI) has expressed its reservations about the Act, and said it may become a potential instrument to throttle the right to free speech, legitimate dissent, and trample the fundamental rights enshrined in Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution.
Concerns on Press Freedom
The act bars the media from carrying reports of any kind of ‘unlawful activities’ in the state. International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) appealed to the President of India, not to give his assent to “this undemocratic legislation, and initiate public debate on the complex causes of conflict, rather than treat it as a law and order problem.”
IFJ President Christopher Warren, in a statement, said, “Freedom of the press is a pre-requisite for the peaceful resolution of conflict, and restricting the media from carrying out its professional activities can only lead to more suspicion and misinformation. Under no circumstances has gagging the media and silencing journalists furthered the objective of tackling armed conflict. It is only when democratic debate and the free flow of accurate information is made possible is the cause of democracy furthered.”
- ^ "Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative's Submission on Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act 2005" (PDF). CHRI. http://www.humanrightsinitiative.org/programs/aj/police/chhattisgarh/documents/chri_submission_on_csps_act_2005.pdf. [dead link]
- ^ "Repeal Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act 2005 : CHRI". cgnet.in. http://www.cgnet.in/N1/CHRIpsa/document_view. [dead link]
- ^ "Chhattisgarh’s novel way to counter Naxals: Gun for journalists". Newswatch.in. http://www.newswatch.in/newsblog/7244.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Security Guard — Abbreviation NSG NSG Logo Motto Sarvatra Sarvottam Surakhsha … Wikipedia
Binayak Sen — বিনায়ক সেন Binayak Sen in Wardha, 2011 Born 4 January 1950 (1950 01 04) (age 61) Residence Katora Tala … Wikipedia
Dalli Rajhara — city … Wikipedia
Lois indiennes — Liste des lois adoptées par les gouvernements successifs en Inde depuis 1836, c est à dire au cours des périodes sous les régimes de l Inde britannique et du gouvernement de la république indienne. Sommaire 1 1836–1850 2 1851–1875 3 1876–1900 … Wikipédia en Français
Liste de lois en Inde — Pour consulter un article plus général, voir : Droit en Inde. Liste des lois adoptées par les gouvernements successifs en Inde depuis 1836, c est à dire au cours des périodes sous les régimes de l Inde britannique et du gouvernement de la… … Wikipédia en Français
India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… … Universalium
Communist Party of India (Maoist) — Not to be confused with Communist Party of India or Communist Party of India (Marxist). For other uses, see Naxalism. Communist Party of India (Maoist) … Wikipedia
Dates of 2006 — ▪ 2007 January Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy. And here we have a serious problem. America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world. U.S. Pres. George W. Bush, in his state of the union… … Universalium
Calendar of 2000 — ▪ 2001 January We are fortunate to be alive at this moment in history. Never before has our nation enjoyed, at once, so much prosperity and social progress with so little internal crisis and so few external threats. Never before have we had such… … Universalium
Dates of 2007 — ▪ 2008 January Ladies and gentlemen: on this day, at this hour, it is still within our power to shape the outcome of this battle. Let us find our resolve, and turn events toward victory. U.S. Pres. George W. Bush, asking for support for his… … Universalium