Whitehall is a road in
Westminsterin London, England. It is the main artery running north from Parliament Square, towards traditional Charing Cross, now at the southern end of Trafalgar Squareand marked by the statue of Charles I, which is often regarded as the heart of London. Recognised as centre of HM Government, the road is lined with government departments/ministries; "Whitehall" is therefore also frequently used as a metonym for governmental administration, as well as being a geographic name for the surrounding district.
The name is taken from the vast
Palace of Whitehallthat used to occupy the area but which was largely destroyed by fire in 1698. Whitehall was originally a wide road that ran up to the front of the palace. Trafalgar Squarewas built at its northern extremity in the early 19th century. The southernmost part by Parliament Square is Parliament Street, but there is no longer any obvious distinction between the two on the ground. Combined, the streets cover a total distance of about 0.6 mile (1 km).
Parliament Street was a small side road alongside the palace leading to the
Palace of Westminster. When the palace was destroyed and its ruins demolished, Parliament Street was widened to match Whitehall's width. The present appearance of the street is largely the result of 19th century redevelopment.
Banqueting House, built in 1622 by Inigo Jones, is the only surviving portion of the former palace. Charles I was executed on 30 January 1649on a scaffold erected outside the building, stepping onto it from a first-floor window. Royalists still commemorate the regicideannually on the anniversary of the execution.
Whitehall and the surrounding area is the administrative centre of the UK government; it is dominated by government buildings, to such an extent that the term is often used, by extension, to refer to the
British Civil Serviceor the government itself.
Cenotaph, the principal war memorial of Britain, is in the centre of the road, and is the site of the annual memorial ceremonies on Remembrance Sunday. In 2005 a Monument to the Women of World War IIwas placed just a short distance northwards from the Cenotaph.
The central portion of the street is dominated by military buildings, including the Ministry of Defence, with the former headquarters of the
British Armyand Royal Navy, the Horse Guards building and the Admiralty, on the opposite side. The road also hosts equestrian statues of George, Duke of Cambridge, a former Army Commander-in-Chiefand Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of the British Armies in France 1915-1918. Downing Streetleads off the south-west end of Whitehall, just above Parliament Street. It is closed to the public at both ends by imposing security gates erected in 1989. [John Michael Lee, George William Jones, June Burnham, "At the Centre of Whitehall: Advising the Prime Minister and Cabinet", p. 42. St. Martin's Press, 1998. ISBN 0312177305] These have since been supplemented by a further gated barrier around three metres outside the main gates. Scotland Yard, the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police, was originally located in Great Scotland Yard off the north-eastern end of the street, but relocated to New Scotland Yard on the Victoria Embankmentin 1890.
Government buildings in Whitehall (north to south)
* Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Old War Office
* Horse Guards
* Ministry of Defence
Scotland Office( Dover House)
Wales Office(Gwydyr House)
* Cabinet Office
10 Downing Street
* Department of Health
Department of Work and Pensions
HM Treasuryand HM Revenue and Customs
Other notable buildings in Whitehall
Monument to the Women of World War II
Trafalgar Studios(formerly the Whitehall Theatre)
* "Whitehall Through The Centuries" by George S Dugdale (Assistant at the London Museum) with black and white reproductions and plans. A foreword by Sir Edward Bridges [ First published by Phoenix House (London) in 1950 with no ISBN ]
* [http://www.multimap.com/map/photo.cgi?client=public&X=530000&Y=180000&scale=10000&width=500&height=300&gride=&gridn=&lang=&db=&coordsys=gb Aerial photo and map]
* [http://www.buildinghistory.org/Primary/Magalotti/Whitehall.htm Whitehall in 1669, showing the
Banqueting Houseand Holbein Gateway]
* [http://www.arthurlloyd.co.uk/TrafalgarStudios.htm History of the Whitehall Theatre built on Whitehall in 1930]
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Whitehall — Whitehall, WI U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 1651 Housing Units (2000): 733 Land area (2000): 1.665692 sq. miles (4.314121 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.665692 sq. miles (4.314121… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall — Whitehall, Londres, mirando las torres del Sur del Palacio de Westminster. La torre es la Torre Victoria … Wikipedia Español
Whitehall — Whitehall, Blick südwärts Richtung Parlament … Deutsch Wikipedia
Whitehall — White‧hall [ˈwaɪthɔːl, ˌwaɪtˈhɔːl ǁ hɒːl] noun the British government administration, especially government departments rather than Parliament * * * Whitehall UK US /ˈwaɪthɔːl/ noun [S] GOVERNMENT ► the group of employees and departments of the… … Financial and business terms
Whitehall, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 2884 Housing Units (2000): 1262 Land area (2000): 3.004283 sq. miles (7.781057 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.663287 sq. miles (1.717906 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.667570 sq. miles (9.498963 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall, MT — U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 1044 Housing Units (2000): 507 Land area (2000): 0.683550 sq. miles (1.770386 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.683550 sq. miles (1.770386 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 2667 Housing Units (2000): 1288 Land area (2000): 4.690609 sq. miles (12.148620 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.131946 sq. miles (0.341739 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.822555 sq. miles (12.490359 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 19201 Housing Units (2000): 8997 Land area (2000): 5.215017 sq. miles (13.506832 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.215017 sq. miles (13.506832 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 14444 Housing Units (2000): 6519 Land area (2000): 3.284374 sq. miles (8.506490 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.284374 sq. miles (8.506490 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Whitehall, WI — U.S. city in Wisconsin Population (2000): 1651 Housing Units (2000): 733 Land area (2000): 1.665692 sq. miles (4.314121 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.665692 sq. miles (4.314121 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places