Castro Alves

Castro Alves

Infobox Writer
name = Antônio de Castro Alves

pseudonym = Castro Alves
birthname =
birthdate = birth date|1847|3|14|mf=y
birthplace = Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil
deathdate = death date and age|1871|7|6|1847|3|14|mf=y
deathplace = Salvador, Brazil
occupation = Poet
nationality = Brazilian
movement = Romanticism

Antônio de Castro Alves (March 14, 1847 - July 6, 1871), more commonly known as Castro Alves (pronounced|ˈkastɾʊ ˈawvɪs), was a Brazilian poet best remembered for his abolitionist and republican poems, and is considered one of the most important Brazilian poets of the 19th century [cite web| last =Peixoto| first =Afrânio| authorlink =Afrãnio Peixoto|coauthors =|title =Castro Alves| work =| publisher =| date =| url =| format =| doi =| accessdate =] .


Alves was born in the town of Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil. In 1862, he entered the Faculdade de Direito do Recife, was involved in an affair with Portuguese actress Eugênia Câmara and wrote his first abolitionist poems: "Os Escravos" ("The Slaves") and "A Cachoeira de Paulo Afonso" ("Paulo Afonso's Waterfall"), reading them out loud in public events in defense of the abolitionist cause. Even though many Brazilians stood up against it at that time, slavery in Brazil was not officially ended until 1888, when Princess Isabel, daughter of Dom Pedro II, declared it extinct by means of the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law").

In 1867, Alves left Recife and returned Bahia, where he wrote his dramatic play "Gonzaga". He later moved to Rio de Janeiro, where he met influential people such as José de Alencar, Francisco Otaviano and Machado de Assis, from whom he got moral support.

Alves headed south to São Paulo to take courses at Sao Francisco Law School. While there he met important writers and politicians, such as Rui Barbosa, Joaquim Nabuco, Rodrigues Alves, Afonso Pena and Bias Fortes. On November 11 1868, while hunting in the surroundings of São Paulo, he was shot in the left ankle, which led to the amputation of his feet. Soon afterwards Alves contracted tuberculosis, a very common disease in São Paulo at that time due to the dark and untidy pubs around town and chilly weather, which forced him to return to his home land, Bahia. He died on July 6, 1871, in the city of Salvador.


Alves's work stands in the late-Romantic aesthetic and is deeply influenced by the work of the French poet Victor Hugo in a movement called "condoreirismo", which is marked by the introspection of the Romantic period with a social and humanitarian concern. These concerns led him to the incipient Abolitionism and Republicanism, of whose causes he was one of the foremost representatives.

His poetry is more optimistic in tone than early romantic poets, and is marked by more sensual and physical images than is usual to the Romantic Aesthetic. He was not attached to the (sometimes official) indigenism shown by José de Alencar or Gonçalves Dias, nor had the mal-du-siècle aesthetic of Álvares de Azevedo. As a result of this, his work is usually considered to be late-romantic, tending to the later Realist movement.

Among his best known works are: "Espumas Flutuantes" ("Floating Foams"), "Gonzaga ou A Revolução de Minas" ("Gonzaga or the Revolution of Minas"), "Cachoeira de Paulo Afonso", "Vozes D'África" ("Voices from Africa"), "O Navio Negreiro" ("The Slave Ship").

References and notes

External links

* [ Castro Alves (vida e obras)]
* [] Biography.
* [ O Navio Negreiro]

NAME=Alves, Castro
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Alves, Antônio de Castro (full name)
DATE OF BIRTH=March 14, 1847
PLACE OF BIRTH=Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil
DATE OF DEATH=July 6, 1871
PLACE OF DEATH=Salvador, Brazil

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castro Alves —   [ kastru alvis], Antônio de, brasilianischer Dichter, * bei Muritiba (Bahia) 14. 3. 1847, ✝ Bahia (heute Salvador) 6. 7. 1871; Lyriker und Dramatiker; leidenschaftlicher literarischer Vorkämpfer für die Abschaffung der Sklaverei.   Werke: Lyrik …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Castro Alves — Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves Antônio Frederico de Castro Alves (Curralinho, 14 mars 1847 Salvador, 6 juillet 1871) était un poète et dramaturge brésilien, célèbre pour ses poèmes abolitionnistes et républicains. L un des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Castro Alves — Original name in latin Castro Alves Name in other language State code BR Continent/City America/Bahia longitude 12.76556 latitude 39.42833 altitude 255 Population 13868 Date 2012 08 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Castro Alves — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Castro Alves Country and Admin Code BR.05.2907301 BR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Castro Alves, Antônio de — ▪ Brazilian poet born March 14, 1847, Muritiba, Brazil died July 6, 1871, Salvador       Romantic poet whose sympathy for the Brazilian abolitionist cause won him the name “poet of the slaves.”       While still a student Castro Alves produced a… …   Universalium

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