Bezalel


Bezalel

In Exodus 31:1-6, Bezalel (Hebrew: בְּצַלְאֵל, also transcribed as Betzalel and most accurately as B'tzalel), is the chief architect of the Tabernacle. [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1005&letter=B&search=Bezalel BEZALEL] - Jewish Encyclopedia article] Elsewhere in the Bible the name occurs only in the genealogical lists of the Book of Chronicles, but according to cuneiform inscriptions a variant form of the same, "Ẓil-Bêl," was borne by a king of Gaza who was a contemporary of Hezekiah and Manasseh. Apparently it means "in the shadow [protection] of El." Bezalel is described in the genealogical lists as the son of Uri (Exodus 31:1), the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah (I Chronicles 2:18, 19, 20, 50). He was said to be highly gifted as a workman, showing great skill and originality in engraving precious metals and stones and in wood-carving. He was also a master-workman, having many apprentices under him whom he instructed in the arts (Exodus 35:30-35). According to the narrative in Exodus, he was definitely called and endowed to direct the construction of the tent of meeting and its sacred furniture, and also to prepare the priests' garments and the oil and incense required for the service.

He was also in charge of the holy oils, incense and priestly vestments. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02526d.htm Beseleel] - Catholic Encyclopedia article]

In Rabbinical Literature

The rabbinical tradition relates that when God determined to appoint Bezalel architect of the desert Tabernacle, He asked Moses whether the choice were agreeable to him, and received the reply: "Lord, if he is acceptable to Thee, surely he must be so to me!" At God's command, however, the choice was referred to the people for approval and was endorsed by them. Moses thereupon commanded Bezalel to set about making the Tabernacle, the holy Ark, and the sacred utensils. It is to be noted, however, that Moses mentioned these in somewhat inverted order, putting the Tabernacle last (compare Exodus 25:10, 26:1 et seq., with Exodus 31:1-10). Bezalel sagely suggested to him that men usually build the house first and afterward provide the furnishings; but that, inasmuch as Moses had ordered the Tabernacle to be built last, there was probably some mistake and God's command must have run differently. Moses was so pleased with this acuteness that he complimented Bezalel by saying that, true to his name, he must have dwelt "in the very shadow of God" (Hebrew, "beẓel El"). Compare also Philo, "Leg. Alleg."

Bezalel possessed such great wisdom that he could combine those letters of the alphabet with which heaven and earth were created; this being the meaning of the statement (Exodus 31:3): "I have filled him . . . with wisdom and knowledge," which were the implements by means of which God created the world, as stated in Proverbs 3:19, 20 (Berakhot 55a). By virtue of his profound wisdom, Bezalel succeeded in erecting a sanctuary which seemed a fit abiding-place for God, who is so exalted in time and space (Exodus R. 34:1; Numbers R. 12:3; Midrash Teh. 91). The candlestick of the sanctuary was of so complicated a nature that Moses could not comprehend it, although God twice showed him a heavenly model; but when he described it to Bezalel, the latter understood immediately, and made it at once; whereupon Moses expressed his admiration for the quick wisdom of Bezalel, saying again that he must have been "in the shadow of God" (Hebrew, "beẓel El") when the heavenly models were shown him (Numbers R. 15:10; compare Exodus R. 1. 2; Berakhot l.c.). Bezalel is said to have been only thirteen years of age when he accomplished his great work (Sanhedrin 69b); he owed his wisdom to the merits of pious parents; his grandfather being Hur and his grandmother Miriam, he was thus a grand-nephew of Moses (Exodus R. 48:3, 4).

Modern-day

The tradition of craftsmanship was revived by Boris Schatz who founded the Bezalel Academy in Jerusalem.

References

Bezalel academy of art and design. [http://bezalel.ac.il]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BEZALEL — BEZALEL, Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem. The Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design was founded in 1906 by boris schatz , first named the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts. It was named after the artist in charge of the construction of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEZALEL — (Heb. בְּצַלְאֵל; in the shadow (under the protection) of God, cf. Ps. 91:1; similar to the Akkadian ina ṣilli Bēl ( in the shadow of Bel ), ina ṣilli Nabû, in the shadow of Nabu, and the like), son of Uri, son of Hur of the tribe of Judah; an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezalel — ist ein hebräischer Name ( im Schatten Gottes ). Biblische Gestalt In der Bibel ist Bezalel ein angesehener Kunsthandwerker, der von Mose beauftragt wird, das Heiligtum des Wüstenzuges auszustatten. Im Buche Exodus 35,30 heißt es zu ihm: Dann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel — (fl. ?13th cent, BCE)    Israelite craftsman who constructed and decorated the Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 36:2) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bezalel — n. male first name (Hebrew) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Bezalel Academy of Art and Design — is Israel s national school of art. It is named after the Biblical figure Bezalel, son of Uri ( he. בְּצַלְאֵל בֶּן־אוּרִי), who was appointed by Moses to oversee the design and construction of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:30).It is located on Mount …   Wikipedia

  • Bezalel-Akademie — Bezalel, 1913 Die Bezalel Academy of Art and Design ist eine israelische Kunst und Designhochschule mit etwa 1500 Studenten (Stand 2008). Sie wurde von Boris Schatz, einem Mitglied der bulgarischen Akademie der Künste, 1906 im damals noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bezalel academy — Bezalel, 1913 Die Bezalel Academy of Art and Design ist eine israelische Kunst und Designhochschule mit etwa 1500 Studenten (Stand 2008). Sie wurde von Boris Schatz, einem Mitglied der bulgarischen Akademie der Künste, 1906 im damals noch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BEZALEL BEN MOSES HA-KOHEN — (1820–1878), Lithuanian rabbi and unofficial rabbi of Vilna. At the age of 11, Bezalel already knew by heart two of the six orders of the Talmud; at 13, he had covered the entire Talmud and amazed his listeners with his original halakhic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bezalel Suites — (Иерусалим,Израиль) Категория отеля: Адрес: 8 Bezalel, Иерусалим, 94591, Израиль …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.