Third party standing

Third party standing is a term of the law of civil procedure that describes when one party may file a lawsuit on behalf of another party. In the United States, this is generally prohibited, as a party can only assert his or her own rights and cannot raise the claims of a third party who is not before the court. However, there are several exceptions to this doctrine.

For example, a third party may sue where he has interchangeable economic interests with the injured party, as in the case of a bookseller suing to enforce the rights of his patrons to purchase a particular book from his store.

A party that represents a class in a class action suit may continue to represent the class even where their own stake in the suit has dissipated. A woman seeking to challenge the constitutionality of a law that prevents divorcees from remarrying within a year may continue to represent the class of similarly situated persons, even if the year passes and she is able to remarry before the case has been decided.

Organizational Standing

Many organizations, such as trade unions, can also assert third party standing to represent their members. An association has standing to bring suit on behalf of its members when its members would otherwise have standing to sue in their own right, the interests it seeks to protect are germane to their organization's purpose and neither the claim asserted, nor the relief requested, requires the participation of individual members in the lawsuit.

There are exceptions to the Third Party Standing rule, such as overbreadth and vagueness, in constitutional law that are being in dispute. Refer to the following:"... overbreadth is an exception to the usual rules of standing. Ordinarily, challengers to a law are not permitted to raise the rights of third parties and can only assert their own interests. See generally Note, "Standing to Assert Constitutional Jus Tertii," 88 Harv.L.Rev. 423 (1974). In overbreadth analysis, challengers "are" in effect permitted to raise the rights of third parties. But see Monaghan, "Overbreadth," 1981 Sup. Ct. Rev. 1 (arguing that overbreadth involves first-party, not third-party standing, because the litigant's own conduct may only be regulated by a valid rule of law); Monaghan, "Third Party Standing," 84 Colum. L. Rev. 277 (1984)."p. 1335, Constitutional Law, 15th Edition, Thomson West, 2004, NY, NY, by K. M. Sullivan, G. Gunther, Foundation PressDiscussion on vagueness can be found on p. 1349, supra.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • third–party standing — n: standing sometimes granted to a party claiming to protect the rights or interests of a third party compare batson challenge ◇ Third party standing is granted esp. when a statute is challenged as unconstitutionally overbroad or when a party… …   Law dictionary

  • Third party (United States) — The term third party is used in the United States for a political party other than one of the two major parties, at present, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. It is used as (innumerate) shorthand for all such parties, or sometimes… …   Wikipedia

  • List of third party leaders (Quebec) — This is a list of politicians who served as third party leaders at the National Assembly of Quebec. Parties with fewer than twelve Members of the National Assembly (MNA) 12 members and less than 20% of the vote do not have official party status… …   Wikipedia

  • Standing (law) — For other senses of this word, see Standing (disambiguation).In the common law, and under many statutes, standing or locus standi is the ability of a party to demonstrate to the court sufficient connection to and harm from the law or action… …   Wikipedia

  • party — par·ty n pl parties 1 a: one (as a person, group, or entity) constituting alone or with others one of the sides of a proceeding, transaction, or agreement the parties to a contract a person who signed the instrument as a party to the instrument… …   Law dictionary

  • Third Girl — infobox Book | name = Third Girl title orig = translator = image caption = Dust jacket illustration of the first UK edition author = Agatha Christie cover artist = Kenneth Farnhill country = United Kingdom language = English series = genre =… …   Wikipedia

  • third force — noun a political group or party standing between two extreme or opposing groups …   English new terms dictionary

  • Standing Bear — (1834(?) 1908) (Páⁿka iyé official orthography: Maⁿchú Naⁿzhíⁿ/Macunajin[1]; other spellings: Ma chú nu zhe, Ma chú na zhe or Mantcunanjin pronounced [mãtʃuꜜnãʒĩꜜ]) was a Ponca Native American chief who successfully argued in U.S. District Court… …   Wikipedia

  • Party leaders of the United States Senate — Majority Leader of the United States Senate Democratic Leader Incumbent …   Wikipedia

  • Party leaders of the United States House of Representatives — Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives Republican Leader …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.