Edmund C. Weeks

Infobox_Lt_Governor
name=Edmund C. Weeks



order= 3rd
office= Lieutenant Governor of Florida
term_start=January 24, 1870
term_end= December 27, 1870
governor= Harrison Reed
predecessor= William Henry Gleason
successor= Samuel T. Day
birth_date= birth date|1829|3|10
birth_place= Tisbury, Massachusetts
death_date= death date and age|1907|4|12|1829|3|10
death_place= Tallahassee, Florida
party= Republican
spouse= Mary Jones
Elizabeth Hunt Crafts
religion= Presbyterian
profession=
footnotes=

Edmund Cottle Weeks (March 10, 1829April 12, 1907) was an American politician who served as the third Lieutenant Governor of Florida.

Early life

A Massachusetts native, Weeks was born in the town of Tisbury, on Martha's Vineyard, to Captain Hiram Weeks and Margaret D. Cottle, a relative of New York Senator Thomas C. Platt. After accompanying his father on a voyage to South America, Weeks studied medicine for three years at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. However, his love for the sea compelled him to become a sailor and later a partner in a boat operating firm. During the American Civil War, he volunteered for the Union Navy in the Battle of New Orleans.Citation| last = Rerick| first = Rowland H.| last2 = Fleming| first2 = Francis Philip| year = 1902| title = Memoirs of Florida| volume = 2| publication-place = Atlanta| publisher = Southern Historical Association| pages = 714-715| url = http://fulltext.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?sid=8d774675433e7c83f93264267aa32247;idno=SF00000009_0001_000;c=fhp;cc=fhp;q1=SF00000009;view=toc;seq=1;size=s;page=nav;subview=fullcitation| accessdate = 2008-05-27] He then headed the Union Army's 2nd Florida Cavalry with the rank of major. [Citation| last = Heitman| first = Francis B.| year = 1903| title = Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army| volume = 2| publication-place = Washington| publisher = Government Printing Office| page = 159| url = http://books.google.com/books?pg=PA159&dq=%22weeks+edmund+c%22&client=firefox-a&id=zUoSAAAAYAAJ&as_brr=1&output=html| accessdate = 2008-05-27] [cite web |url=http://dlis.dos.state.fl.us/barm/rediscovery/default.asp?IDCFile=/fsa/DETAILS.IDC,SPECIFIC=328154,DATABASE=BIBLIO, |title=Florida Cavalry Regiments of the Union Army muster rolls, 1863-1865. |accessdate=2008-05-27 |publisher=State Library and Archives of Florida ] After the war, he settled in Tallahassee, Florida.cite web |url=http://www.flheritage.com/museum/collections/furniture/furniture2.cfm |title=Selected Highlights from the Florida Furniture Collection |accessdate=2008-05-27 |publisher=Museum of Florida History]

Lieutenant governorship

Weeks was appointed to the office of Lieutenant Governor of Florida by Governor Harrison Reed on January 24, 1870, to fill the vacancy left after the dismissal of William H. Gleason. [Citation| publication-date = 1870-02-01| title = Current Notes| periodical = New York Times| url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9B07E6D6103BE63BBC4953DFB466838B669FDE&scp=1&st=p| accessdate = 2008-05-27] Citation | year = 1872 | title = The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events| volume = 10 | publication-place = New York | publisher = D. Appleton | pages = 299-300 | url = http://books.google.com/books?pg=PA299&dq=january+24th&client=firefox-a&id=SdsSAAAAYAAJ&output=html | accessdate = 2008-05-26] Citation | last = Drew| first = James B. C.| publication-date = 1871| title = Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Supreme Court of Florida| volume = 13| publication-place = Tallahassee, FL| publisher = Charles H. Walton| pages = 9-10| url = http://books.google.com/books?id=qnkDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA9&dq=january+24th&client=firefox-a&output=html| accessdate = 2008-05-26] He took the oath of office that same day. However, his appointment was controversial. State Comptroller Robert H. Gamble, claiming that the Governor could not make an appointment to an elected position, refused to pay Weeks his salary until Weeks took the case to the Florida Supreme Court. On his first day presiding over the Senate, a majority of the senators walked out on the session. At the next day's meeting, another senator occupied his seat. After a motion was proposed to arrest him, he left early.

As Weeks's term was intended to be temporary, Governor Reed called for an election to be held on November 8.Citation | last = Cocke| first = William Archer| publication-date = 1874| title = Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Supreme Court of Florida| volume = 14| publication-place = Tallahassee, FL| pages = 14-15| url = http://books.google.com/books?id=ynkDAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA1-PA14&as_brr=1&client=firefox-a&output=html| accessdate = 2008-05-26] Samuel T. Day was elected Lieutenant Governor, and when the legislature met on January 3, 1871, Day took office as prescribed by the state constitution. [Citation | year = 1872 | title = The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events| volume = 11 | publication-place = New York | publisher = D. Appleton | page = 308 | url = http://books.google.com/books?pg=RA1-PA308&dq=%22samuel+t+day%22+january&id=x4wEAAAAYAAJ&output=html | accessdate = 2008-05-27] [ [http://fpc.dos.state.fl.us/memory/constitution/1868/index.cfm Florida Constitution of 1868] , Article XVI, Section 21.] On January 12," [http://books.google.com/books?client=firefox-a&output=html&id=SdsSAAAAYAAJ&dq=weeks+canvass&jtp=303 Cyclopædia] ", vol. 10, p. 303.] Weeks again appealed to the Supreme Court, accusing Day of "usurping" his office, which he believed should last for two additional years, the remainder of his predecessor's term. However, the court ruled that Governor Reed had the power to call the election and that Weeks's appointment had expired on December 27, 1870, when the election results were certified. [Cocke, [http://books.google.com/books?pg=RA1-PA19&client=firefox-a&id=ynkDAAAAQAAJ&as_brr=1&output=html 19] .]

Later life

Weeks later represented Leon County in the Florida Legislature and served as the county sheriff. A Republican, he ran unsuccessfully for the House of Representatives against incumbent Robert H. M. Davidson in 1878. [Citation | year = 1879 | title = Official Congressional Directory | page = 11 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=d_ItAAAAIAAJ&q=edmund+weeks+republican&dq=edmund+weeks+republican&client=firefox-a&pgis=1 | accessdate = 2008-05-27] In 1890, President Benjamin Harrison appointed him U.S. Marshal for the Northern District of Florida.

Weeks married twice: first to Mary Jones in London, and then to Elizabeth Hunt Crafts in Tallahassee on June 6, 1890. He died in Tallahassee in 1907 at the age of 78. [cite web |url=http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10127441 |title=Edmund Cottle Weeks |accessdate=2008-05-27 |work=Find a Grave |date=2004-12-16 ]

References

External link

* [http://dlis.dos.state.fl.us/barm/rediscovery/default.asp?IDCFile=/fsa/DETAILSF.IDC,SPECIFIC=15042,DATABASE=FILEUNIT, State Archives of Florida Online Catalog: Edmund Cottle Weeks (1829-1907)]


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