Elendil is a fictional character in
J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium. He appears in " The Lord of the Rings", " The Silmarillion" and " Unfinished Tales".
Known as Elendil the Tall (Tolkien put his height at "more than man high by nearly half a "ranga" [Unfinished Tales :see index for "ranga": A "ranga" was 38" approximately, and 'man height' around 6'4"] , almost 8'), Elendil the Faithful ('Elendil Voronda' or 'Vorondo') or Elendil the Fair, he was the father of
Isildurand Anárion, last lord of Andúnië, and the first High King of Arnorand Gondor.
Elendil is first introduced in "
The Fellowship of the Ring". He was born in 3119 of the Second Agein Númenor, son of Amandil, Lord of Andúniëand leader of the "Faithful" (those who remained loyal to the Valar), who maintained a strong friendship with the Elves and preserved the old ways against the practices of Ar-Pharazônand Sauron. Elendil's name means either "Elf-friend" or "Star-lover" in Tolkien's fictional languageof Quenya.
Elendil, his sons Isildur and Anárion, and their supporters fled to Middle-earth at the
downfall of Númenor, sailing east in nine ships and founding the realms of Arnorand Gondorin Middle-earth in S.A. 3320. With them they took the " palantíri", the "Seeing Stones" that were given to the Lords of Andúnië by the Elves of Tol Eressëa, and a seedling of Nimloth, the White Treeof Númenor.
"Unfinished Tales" explains that, upon landing in Middle-earth, Elendil proclaimed in
Quenya: "Out of the Great Sea to Middle-earth I am come. In this place will I abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the world." His heir and 38-great-grandson Aragornspoke these traditional words again when he took up the crown of Gondorin " The Return of the King".
Elendil lived in Arnor, where he founded the city of
Annúminas. His son Anárion founded the city of Minas Anorin Anórien, and his son Isildur founded Minas Ithil in Ithilien. Across the Anduinthe city of Osgiliathwas built. Across the realms, towers were built for the seeing-stones called "palantíri", with which the realms kept in contact.
As explained in "The Fellowship of the Ring",
Sauroneventually returned to Middle-earth, establishing a stronghold in Mordor, which was next to Gondor. In 3428 he attacked, seizing Minas Ithil. Isildur fled north to his father, leaving Anárion in charge of Gondor. In 3434, Elendil and Isildur returned south, together with the Elven High King Gil-galadand their combined armies, in the Last Alliance of Elves and Men. They defeated Sauron in the Battle of Dagorlad, and laid siege to his stronghold of Barad-dûrfor seven years. During this long siege Anárion was killed. In the year 3441 of the Second Age, Sauroncame out personally to do battle. Gil-galad and Elendil fought him, overthrew him and killed his body, but both were killed as well, and Elendil's sword Narsilwas broken beneath him. Isildur used the broken sword to cut the One Ringfrom Sauron's hand, and the Dark Lord's spirit fled, not to reembody itself in its old form for many years.
The standard of Elendil was the White Tree
Nimlothwith seven stars above it (representing each of the stars on the banners from the seven of the nine ships that escaped the destruction of Númenor that carried the " palantíri"), and above them a silver crown. This standard became the main symbol of royalty in Gondor.
Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated adaption of "The Lord of the Rings", Elendil is only mentioned and not shown. Aragorn mentions that he carries the sword of "Elendil of Gondor", but his relationship with Isildur is not explored.
Peter Jackson's "The Lord of the Rings" film trilogy, Elendil is portrayed by Peter McKenzie. He appears in the prologue, where he is killed by Sauron. Though Aragornuses his name as a battle cry, he is never identified with it.
* [http://members.ozemail.com.au/~sdgeard/hccnum.html A History and Complete Chronology of Númenor] - A detailed chronology of Númenor, its successor states and their rulers.
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