Douglas (surname)

For the Scottish family of Douglas see Earl of Douglas, Earl of Angus or House of Douglas.
Douglas
Family name
Meaning black stream
Region of origin Scotland
Footnotes: [1]

Douglas (occasionally spelled Douglass) is a common surname of Scottish origin, thought to derive from the Gaelic dubh glas, meaning "black stream". There are numerous places in Scotland and Ireland from which the surname may be derived, although in most cases it is derived from the place in Lanarkshire. The surname has developed into the given name Douglas. According to George Fraser Black, in southern Argyllshire the surname is an Englished form of the surnames MacLucas, MacLugash (which are derived from the Gaelic Mac Lùcais).[2]

Contents

Arts

Visual arts

Literature

Music

Business

  • Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. (1892–1981), Scottish businessman, founder of Douglas Aircraft
  • Gustaf Douglas (born 1938), Swedish businessman, vice chairman and largest single shareholder in security firm Securitas AB
  • James Douglas (businessman) (1867–1949), Canadian mining engineer and businessman
  • James Douglas, Jr. (born 1967), businessman and mining executive in Canada, USA and Mexico.
  • Walter Donald Douglas (1861-1912), businessman and Titanic casualty

Law

Military

Nobility

Politics

  • Sir Adye Douglas (1815–1906), Australian lawyer and politician, and first class cricket player
  • Albert B. Douglas (1912–1971), Canadian MP
  • Alec Douglas-Home (1903–1995), British baron, politician, and prime minister
  • Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston (1851–1926), British statesman and politician
  • Aretas Akers-Douglas, 2nd Viscount Chilston (1876–1947), British diplomat
  • Alexander Douglas (Orkney and Shetland), MP for Orkney and Shetland, Scotland
  • Archibald Douglas (d. 1741) (Archibald Douglas 13th of Cavers), Receiver-general for Scotland and MP for Dumfries Burghs
  • Archibald Douglas (1707-1778) (Lt Gen Archibald Douglas of Kirkton), MP for Dumfriesshire, Scotland
  • Benjamin Douglas (1816–1894), Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
  • Bob Douglas (politician) (born 1932)
  • Charles Douglas, 3rd Baron Douglas (1775-1848), MP for Lanarkshire, and a cricketer
  • Charles Douglas (mayor) (1852–1917), Mayor of Vancouver
  • Charles Douglas III (born 1942), U.S. Representative from New Hampshire and New Hampshire Supreme Court Associate Justice
  • Charles Mackinnon Douglas (1865–1924), Liberal MP for North West Lanarkshire
  • Denzil Douglas (born 1953), Prime Minister of St Kitts and Nevis
  • Dick Douglas (born 1932), Scottish politician
  • Emmitt Douglas (1926–1981), president of the Louisiana NAACP from 1966–1981
  • Fred J. Douglas (1869–1949), United States Representative
  • Frederick Douglass (1818–1895), American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman, and reformer
  • Helen Gahagan Douglas (1900–1980), American actress and politician
  • Hima Douglas, Niuean politician
  • Ian Douglas (politician), attorney and politician from Dominica
  • James Douglas (governor) (1803–1877), Scottish-Canadian governor of the colony of Vancouver Island
  • Jim Douglas (1952–), American politician
  • John Douglas, MP (abt1774-1838), MP for Orford and Minehead, England
  • John Douglas (Parliament) (abt 1708-1778), MP for Dumfries burghs
  • John Douglas (Queensland politician) (1828–1904), Premier of Queensland, Australia
  • John St Leger Douglas (died 17830, MP for Hindon and Weobly.
  • Lewis Williams Douglas (1894–1974), American politician, diplomat, businessman and academic
  • Lincoln Douglas, MP, Trinidad and Tobago Parliament politician
  • Count Ludvig Douglas, riksmarskalk and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden, peer of the Grand Duchy of Baden
  • Michael Douglas (politician), d1992, Dominican politician
  • Paul Douglas (1892–1976), American economist and United States Senator from Illinois
  • Robert Douglas (New Zealand), 19th century New Zealand MP
  • Roger Douglas (born 1937), former New Zealand politician
  • Rosie Douglas (1941–2000), Dominican politician
  • Stephen A. Douglas (1813–1861), American politician
  • Tommy Douglas (1904–1986), Canadian politician, Premier of Saskatchewan, and father of Shirley Douglas
  • Walburga Habsburg Douglas (born 1958), Austrian-Swedish politician, member of the Swedish parliament since 2006
  • Walter Douglas (governor) (1670–1739), Leeward Islands
  • Sir William Douglas, 4th Baronet of Kelhead, MP for Dumfries Burghs
  • William Douglas (d. 1821) of Almorness, British MP
  • William Lewis Douglas (1845–1924), American politician
  • Lord William Douglas (William Robert Keith Douglas, 1783–1859), British MP

Sport

Science

Biology

Earth sciences

Engineering

Mathematics

Physics

Other scientists

  • A.S. Douglas (1921–2010), British professor of computer science
  • John William Douglas (1814–1905), English entomologist
  • Mary Douglas (born 1921), British anthropologist

Radio, television and film

Other fields

Counts Douglas in continental Europe

Field Marshal Robert Douglas was firstly created baron, and then count, in Sweden. His main fief was the town of Skänninge, and his wife brought in the estate where they had the manor of Stjernorp erected. His descendants generally continued to reside in Sweden, some offshoots to Russia, Germany etc. The head of the house received in 1848 the title of Count (count of the entail of Mühlhausen) also in peerage of the Grand Duchy of Baden. The main lineage did not produce long-lasting branches (except the russian branch, a few generations), until the riksmarskalk of Sweden (High Marshal), count Ludvig Douglas, Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the late 1800s, had several sons and yet more grandsons. Branches starting from his sons and so:

  • von Douglas-Langenstein, descendants of count Robert, eldest son of the High Marshal Ludvig. They hold the castle of Langenstein in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
  • von Reischach-Douglas, a cadet grandson of said count Robert
  • Douglas-Gerstorp, the branch (settled to Sweden) descending from the youngest son of said Robert
  • Douglas-Stjernorp, the branch descending from the Swedish general Archibald Douglas, second son of the High Marshal Ludvig. In this branch, there's the castle of Stjärnorp, reacquired to the family in c1875
  • Douglas-Kolfall, the branch descending from Oscar, youngest son of the High Marshal Ludvig.

External links

References

  1. ^ British surnames - origin
  2. ^ Black, George Fraser (1946), The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning, and History, New York: New York Public Library, pp. 217-218 

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