Michael Rostovtzeff

Michael Rostovtzeff

Michael Rostovtzeff
Born 10 November [O.S. October 29] 1870
Zhitomir, Ukraine
Died October 20, 1952
New Haven, USA
Citizenship USA
Nationality Russia
Fields Archaeology, History
Institutions University of St. Petersburg

Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff, or Rostovtsev (Russian: Михаи́л Ива́нович Росто́вцев) (10 November [O.S. October 29] 1870, Zhitomir, Ukraine – October 20, 1952, New Haven, USA) was one of the 20th century's foremost authorities on ancient Greek, Iranian, and Roman history.

Rostovtsev is remembered as the first historian to examine the ancient economies in terms of capitalism and revolutions. Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire (1926) and A Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World (1941) were his pioneering works that transferred the attention of historians from military or political events to global economic or social problems that had been formerly hidden behind their surface.

Upon completing his studies at the universities of Kiev and St. Petersburg, Rostovtsev served as an assistant and then as a full professor at the University of St. Petersburg. In 1918, he emigrated to the United States, where he accepted a chair at the University of Wisconsin–Madison before moving to Yale University in 1925. He oversaw all archaeological activities of the latter institution in general and the excavations of Dura-Europos in particular.

While working in Russia, Rostovtsev was recognized as the world's preeminent authority on ancient history of South Russia and Ukraine. He summed up his vast knowledge on the subject in Iranians and Greeks in South Russia (1922) and Skythien und der Bosporus (1925). His most important archaeological findings at Yale were described in Dura-Europos and Its Art (1938).

Bibliography

  • Bongard-Levin, G.M. The great Russian historian M. Rostovtsev in the USA: The years of exile. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1999 (in Russian, ISBN 0-7734-3226-4).
  • Bowersock, G.W. "Rostovtzeff in Madison" in American Scholar, Spring 1986, Vol. 55 Issue 3, pp. 391–400.
  • Hopkins, Clark. The discovery of Dura-Europos. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979 (ISBN 0-300-02288-3).
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. "M.I. Rostovtzeff" in The Cambridge Journal, 1954, 7, pp. 334–346. = Studies in historiography (The Academy Library, TB 1288). New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1966, pp. 91–104. = Studies on Modern Scholarship. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994 (paperback, ISBN 0-520-08545-0), pp. 32–43.
  • Reinhold, Meyer. "Historian of the Classic World: A Critique of Rostovtzeff", Studies in Classical History and Society (American Classical Studies; 45). New York: Oxford University Press, 2002 (ISBN 0-19-514543-7), pp. 82–100.
  • Shaw, Brent D. "Under Russian eyes: [Review article]", The Journal of Roman studies, Vol. 82. (1992), pp. 216–228.
  • Wes, Marinus A. Michael Rostovtzeff, historian in exile: Russian roots in an American context (Historia-Einzelschriften; 65). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1990 (ISBN 3-515-05664-5).
  • Reviewed by Brent D. Shaw in The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 82. (1992), pp. 216–228.
  • Wes, Marinus A. "The Russian background of the young Rostovtzeff", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Vol. 37, No. 2. (1988), pp. 207–221.
  • Wes, Marinus A. "The Correspondence between Rostovtzeff and Westermann. A Note on Gaetano De Sanctis", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Vol. 42, No. 1. (1993), pp. 125–128.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michael Rostovtzeff — (auch Michael I. Rostovtzeff, ursprünglich russisch Михаил Иванович Ростовцев/ Michail Iwanowitsch Rostowzew, wiss. Transliteration Michail Ivanovič Rostovcev; …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michael Rostovtzeff — Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtzeff, o Rostovtsev (en ruso: Михаил Иванович Ростовцев) nació en Zhytomyr (Ucrania) el 10 de noviembre de 1870, según el calendario gregoriano, o el 29 de octubre, según el calendario juliano, y murió en New Haven (USA)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michael Rostovtzeff — Michel Rostovtzeff Mikhaïl Ivanovich Rostovtzeff, francisé en Michel Rostovtzeff, ou Rostovtseff, en russe Михаил Иванович Ростовцев (10 novembre 1870 – 20 octobre 1952) était un historien russe de l Antiquité, son œuvre a essentiellement porté… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michael Iwanowitsch Rostovtzeff — Michael Rostovtzeff (auch Michael I. Rostovtzeff, ursprünglich russisch Михаил Иванович Ростовцев/ Michail Iwanowitsch Rostowzew, wiss. Transliteration Michail Ivanovič Rostovcev; * 29. Oktoberjul./ 10. November 1870greg. in Kiew; † 20. Oktober… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rostovtzeff — Michael Rostovtzeff (auch Michael I. Rostovtzeff, ursprünglich russisch Михаил Иванович Ростовцев/ Michail Iwanowitsch Rostowzew, wiss. Transliteration Michail Ivanovič Rostovcev; * 29. Oktoberjul./ 10. November 1870greg. in Kiew; † 20. Oktober… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rostovtzeff, Michael Ivanovich — ▪ American archaeologist Russian  Mikhail Ivanovich Rostovtsev   born Nov. 10 [Oct. 29, Old Style], 1870, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Oct. 20, 1952, New Haven, Conn., U.S.       Russian born archaeologist and one of the 20th century s …   Universalium

  • Rostovtzeff — /reuh stawf tsef, stof /, n. Michael Ivanovich /muy keuhl i vah neuh vich/, 1870 1952, U.S. historian, born in Russia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rostovtzeff — Rostọvtzeff,   Michael, ursprünglich Michail Iwanowitsch Rostọwzew, amerikanischer Althistoriker und Archäologe ukrainischer Herkunft, * bei Kiew 10. 11. 1870, ✝ New Haven (Connecticut) 20. 10. 1952; war 1901 18 Professor in Sankt Petersburg,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rostovtzeff — /reuh stawf tsef, stof /, n. Michael Ivanovich /muy keuhl i vah neuh vich/, 1870 1952, U.S. historian, born in Russia …   Useful english dictionary

  • Michail Iwanowitsch Rostowzew — Michael Rostovtzeff (auch Michael I. Rostovtzeff, ursprünglich russisch Михаил Иванович Ростовцев/ Michail Iwanowitsch Rostowzew, wiss. Transliteration Michail Ivanovič Rostovcev; * 29. Oktoberjul./ 10. November 1870greg. in Kiew; † 20. Oktober… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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