Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib

Ali was the first Imam of Shia Islam. He was a cousin of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, as well as Muhammad's son-in-law. He had several children by Fatima, Muhammad's daughter, as well as children by other wives. His descendants through Fatima are still revered today as imams, sharifs and sayyids.

Contents

Ali's children

By Fatima

Sayyida Fatima Zahra was Muhammad's daughter.

Sons

Daughters

  • Zaynab bint Ali married her cousin Abdullah ibn Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and bore four sons and a daughter:
    • Ali ibn Abdullah
    • Aun ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age 13
    • Muhammad ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age about 12
    • Abbas ibn Abdullah
    • Umm Kulthum bint Ali married to the second caliph of the Faithful Umar ibn al-Khattab. Of this union, they had two children : a son named Zayd ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab (famously Known as Ibnul Khalifatayn; the Son of The Two Caliphs, Umar and Ali) and Ruqayya ibn Omar; later she married her cousin Awn ibn Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and, after his death, his brother Muhammad ibn Ja'far ibn Abi Talib.

By Khawlat bint Ja'far

By Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya, known as Umm ul-Banin

Sons

By Umama Bint Abul-Aas, daughter of Zaynab bint Muhammad

By other wives

Daughters

  • Ruqaya; Ramalah; Nafees; Khadija; Ummu Hani; Jamani; Umama; Mona; Salma[citation needed]

Sons

  • Abu Bakr; Al-Akbar; Al-Asghar; Uthman Al-Akbar; Uthman Al-Asghar[citation needed]

While the daughters by Fatima are universally accepted by scholars, this list of daughters by other wives is much disputed. Some other historians have added the name of others of Ali's sons who were killed at Karbala including Ibrahim, Umar, Abdallah ibn al-Asqar.

According to some traditions Ali had thirty-six children: eighteen sons and eighteen daughters.

Later generations of Ali's and Fatimah descendants

The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco are descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan[4] and Iraq, the Isaaq clan of Somalia and Somaliland, the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi.

See also

References

  1. ^ Tabatabae (1979), page 194
  2. ^ http://www.helal.ir/helal/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=69
  3. ^ http://www.helal.ir/helal/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=69
  4. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan

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