Transport in Kazakhstan

Transport in Kazakhstan


"total:"14,400 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines

"broad gauge:"14,400 km 1.520-m gauge (3,299 km electrified) (1997)
Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (KTZ) is the national railway company.

Because rail routes were designed ignoring intersoviet borders, there are anamolies such as the route from Ural'sk to Aktobe briefly passes through Russian territory.

City metro systems under construction: Almaty Metro.

Railway links with adjacent countries

* Russia - yes - same gauge (former Soviet Union railway system)
* China - yes - break of gauge 1524mm/1435mm; border station at Druzhba, KZ - Alashankou, CN.
* Kyrgyzstan - yes - same gauge (former Soviet Union railway system)
* Uzbekistan - yes - same gauge (former Soviet Union railway system)
* Turkmenistan - yes - same gauge (former Soviet Union railway system)

* Caspian Sea - railhead 1524mm


* [ UN Map]
* [$File/kazak.pdf?OpenElement reliefweb map]



* BOOT line from Zhetigen to Khorgos on China border. [ [ Kazakhstan - China - Railpage Australia™ Forums (International News) ] ] [ [ ENRC to develop and operate the Zhetigen-Khorgos railway line between Kazakhstan and China | International Mining ] ] The line would branch off the existing railway near Shaquanzi.


* Proposals to eliminate break of gauge at Druzhba-Alashankou by converting Kazakhstan main line to European gauge.


* Proposed standard gauge link from China to Europe. [ [ KAZAKHSTAN - Temir Zholy ] ]

Town served by rail


"total:"258,029 km
"paved:"247,347 km
"unpaved:"10,682 km (2006 est.)


3,900 km on the Syrdariya (Syr Darya) and Ertis (Irtysh)


crude oil 10,338 km; refined products 1,095 km; natural gas 11,019 km (2006)

Ports and harbors

Caspian Sea

* Aqtau (Shevchenko) - railhead 1524mm
* Atyrau (Gur'yev) - railhead 1524mm


* Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk)
* Pavlodar
* Semey (Semipalatinsk)


150 (2006 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

"over 3,047 m:"9
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"27
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"17
"914 to 1,523 m:"4
"under 914 m:"10 (2006 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

"over 3,047 m:"5
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"6
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"9
"914 to 1,523 m:"10
"under 914 m:"53 (2006 est.)

ee also


External links

* [ Kazakhstan, South Korea to set up bus-assembling JV]


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