Narcissus Marsh (1638 – 2 November 1713) was an English clergyman who was successively Church of Ireland Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, Archbishop of Cashel, Archbishop of Dublin and Archbishop of Armagh.
Marsh was born at Hannington, Wiltshire and was educated at Oxford. He later became a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, in 1658. In 1662 he was ordained, and presented to the living of Swindon, which he resigned in the following year.
After acting as chaplain to Seth Ward, Bishop of Exeter and then bishop of Salisbury, and Lord Chancellor Clarendon, he was elected principal of St. Alban Hall, Oxford, in 1673. In 1679 he was appointed provost of Trinity College, Dublin, where he did much to encourage the study of the Irish language. He helped to found the Dublin Philosophical Society, and contributed to it a paper entitled Introductory Essay to the Doctrine of Sounds (printed in Philosophical Transactions, No. 156, Oxford, 1684).
In 1683 he was consecrated Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, but after the accession of James II he was compelled by the turbulent soldiery to flee to England (1689), when he became Vicar of Gresford, Flintshire, and Canon of St. Asaph. Returning to Ireland in 1691 after the battle of the Boyne, he was made Archbishop of Cashel, and three years later he became Archbishop of Dublin. About this time he founded Marsh's Library in Dublin. Many oriental manuscripts belonging to him are now in the Bodleian Library in Oxford. He became Archbishop of Armagh in 1703. Between 1699 and 1711 he was six times a Lord Justice of Ireland. He died on 2 November 1713.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Raymond Gillespie:Scholar Bishop:the recollections and diary of Narcissus Marsh, Cork University Press, 2003
Academic offices Preceded by
Provost of Trinity College, Dublin
Church of Ireland titles Preceded by
Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin
Archbishop of Cashel
Archbishop of Dublin
Archbishop of Armagh
Anglican Archbishops of Dublin
George Browne • Hugh Curwen • Adam Loftus • Thomas Jones • Lancelot Bulkeley • James Margetson • Michael Boyle • John Parker • Francis Marsh • Narcissus Marsh • William King • John Hoadly • Charles Cobbe • William Carmichael • Arthur Smyth • John Cradock • Robert Fowler • The Viscount Somerton/The Earl of Normanton • Euseby Cleaver • Lord John Beresford • William Magee • Richard Whately • Richard Chenevix Trench • The Lord Plunket • Joseph Peacocke • John Bernard • Charles D'Arcy • John Gregg • Arthur Barton • George Simms • Alan Buchanan • Henry McAdoo • Donald Caird • Walton Empey • John Neill • Michael Jackson
Anglican Archbishops of Armagh
George Cromer • George Dowdall • Hugh Goodacre • George Dowdall • Adam Loftus • Thomas Lancaster • John Long • John Garvey • Henry Ussher • Christopher Hampton • James Ussher • John Bramhall • James Margetson • Michael Boyle • Narcissus Marsh • Thomas Lindsay • Hugh Boulter • John Hoadly • George Stone • The Lord Rokeby • William Newcome • The Hon William Stuart • The Lord John Beresford • Marcus Beresford • Robert Knox • Robert Gregg • William Alexander • John Crozier • Charles D'Arcy • Godfrey Day • John Gregg • James McCann • George Simms • John Armstrong • Robin Eames • Alan Harper
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