Cycles Peugeot

Cycles Peugeot
Former type Public
Genre Bicycle manufacturer
Fate ProCycle discontinued in North America
Sold to Cycleurope in Europe
Successor Peugeot Motorcycles
Founded 1830
Founder(s) Jean Pequignot Peugeot
Defunct 2001 (North America)
2004 (Europe)
Headquarters Sochaux, France
Parent Peugeot
Website http://www.peugeot.com/en/products/cycles.aspx
A French made 1979 Peugeot UO-9 "Super Sport"

Cycles Peugeot was a manufacturer in the French bicycle industry.

Contents

History

The company was founded by Jean Pequignot Peugeot who, in the 19th century, made water mills. The factory built a good reputation, and the profits meant Peugeot could expand with a steelworks in Montbéliard, which Jean Peugeot ran with a colleague and his two brothers. The company's trademark, a lion, was created in 1858 by an engraver, Justin Blazer, who lived near the factory. The company turned their steel into knives and forks, hydraulic equipment and, from 1882, bicycles, sold as Cycles Peugeot. In Beaulieu-sur-Doubs (Mandeure, Doubs) during the same year, the first Peugeot bicycle—a penny-farthing (high wheeler) called Le Grand Bi—was hand-built by Armand Peugeot.

During World War I, Peugeot built nearly 63,000 bicycles per year. It also manufactured 9,000 cars and trucks, 1,000 motorcycles, 10,000 plane engines, and 6 million artillery shells.

In 1926, the auto and bicycle manufacturing divisions at Peugeot were divided. Automobiles were constructed at Automobiles Peugeot, while bicycles were made at Cycles Peugeot. In 1930, bicycle production reached 162,000 units per year at the Beaulieu factory.

By 1955, the factory at Beaulieu was turning out 220,000 bicycles a year, employing nearly 3,500 workers, while Automobiles Peugeot completed its 100,000 automobile. During the 1950s, European interest in cycling as a means of transportation virtually disappeared, and by 1956, bicycle production at Cycles Peugeot was cut in half.

In 1958, Cycles Peugeot diversified into manufacturing components for the auto industry to augment declining sales of bicycles. As consumer interest in bicycling returned in the 1960s, Cycles Peugeot gradually increased its production of sport, racing, and touring road bicycles.

Racing heritage

Early on, the Peugeot family saw the value of publicity in sponsoring racing cyclists. Paul Bourillon became the world sprint champion in Copenhagen in 1896 on a Peugeot bicycle. The family also backed riders in numerous road races and in 1905 sponsored its first Tour de France winner, Louis Trousselier.

After the first Tour de France win, the Peugeot cycling team remained active in the Tour and other European cycle races. Peugeot would go on to become the most successful factory team of all time in the Tour de France, winning the race a record ten times. Like some other large European bicycle manufacturers, Peugeot was not above purchasing handcrafted team racing bicycles, fabricated by small independent craftsmen such as Masi, which were then painted and outfitted to resemble standard Peugeot factory production models.[1]

Peugeot and rival marque Mercier were among the last bicycle factories to continue team sponsorship. Rising costs had forced other brands to surrender control of their teams to backers from outside the bicycle industry. Even as most other teams were using Italian Campagnolo components, Peugeot continued to use French ones. Stronglight cranksets, Simplex derailleurs, and Mafac brakes were standard. The last yellow jersey worn by a Peugeot factory rider was in 1983, when Pascal Simon took the lead in the Tour de France until he was forced to drop out due to injury.

By the time of the 1986 racing season, costs in a period of inflation triggered by an oil crisis meant Peugeot's entire racing budget of 1.06 million euros ran out before the season had ended. William Desazar de Montgaillard, director-general of Peugeot, announced that due to lack of financial support, there would no longer be a fully sponsored Peugeot team.

Production bicycles

During the first half of the 20th century, the vast majority of French-built Peugeot bicycles came from the factories in Beaulieu (Mandeure), France. Other Peugeot bicycles were built in Spain and, after 1978 or so, in Canada.

The Peugeot UO-8—a low-end 'ten-speed' sports/touring bicycle with a mild steel frame—was introduced into the U.S. market in the 1960s and sold through 1980. Equipped with Simplex derailleurs, the 28-lb. UO-8 of 1974 was considered to be an inexpensive 'all-round' derailleur-geared bicycle and had the characteristic long wheelbase of French bicycles, which provided stability and a soft ride on city streets and rough French rural roads. As a competitor to the heavier Schwinn Continental, the UO-8 was the most popular model distributed by Cycles Peugeot USA from its inception in 1974; it was sold in large numbers during the bike boom of 1972-1975. During the peak bike boom years (1972–1974), French bicycles were produced in numbers so large that quality control became an issue and parts were often substituted, swapped, or otherwise thrown together to meet high production demands, sometimes resulting in an amalgamation of different models. In the case of Peugeot, problems included paint and weld issues, along with occasional frame misalignment.

In the United States, the AO-8 was the entry-level Peugeot 'ten-speed' bicycle, which competed directly against the Schwinn Varsity, the Raleigh Record, and Nishiki's Custom Sport. Equipped with fenders and a luggage rack, it was designated the AE-8.

The UE-8 was similar to the UO-8 but was equipped with fenders, a luggage rack, and generator lights. The AO-18, UO-18/18C, and UE-18 were mixte versions of the AO-8, UO-8 and UE-8, respectively. In France, these models were roughly equivalent to the P-, PL-, and PX-8-series Peugeot road bicycles.

First introduced as a model in 1953, the PX-10 was traditionally one of Peugeot's high-end bicycles. By the early 1970s, the PX-10 used a frame made with Reynolds 531 chromoly steel tubing and was fitted with lightweight aluminum alloy components. The PX-10 was sold in the U.S. from 1975 to 1980 but it continued to be produced for sale in European markets through 1986.

In 1974, Peugeot opened a custom bicycle frame shop (the Atelier Prestige) which specialized in the production of custom Reynolds-tubed framesets using thin-gauge butted steel tubing. These custom frames were designated PY-10. Similar to a PX-10 in design and styling, a PY-10 could be ordered to a customers individual specifications. Options included, but were not limited to, geometry and frame size, color, components, and braze-ons.

In 1977, the UO-10 was introduced, followed the next year by a slightly heavier road model, the UO-9. In 1980, the PH-8 displaced the UO-8 as the entry-level Peugeot road bicycle.

In later years, the Peugeot race team switched to carbon fiber tubed bikes which were referred to as the PY10FC. During this time Peugeot continued to offer a custom steel-framed road bicycle, the PZ10. PZ and PY bicycles were imported to the U.S. until Cycle Peugeot's withdrawal from the North American market in 1990.

Factory and production changes

Folding Peugeot

In 1974, Cycles Peugeot acquired the factory of Romilly-sur-Seine, which was converted to produce bicycles. In 1978, ProCycle of Canada signed an agreement to manufacture and distribute Peugeots in Canada, while French-built Peugeots continued to be sold in the USA.

During the bicycle sales 'boom' of 1972-75, Peugeot sales increased dramatically. Aided by the racing heritage of the brand, demand for low- and mid-level Peugeot sport/touring or "ten speed" bicycles surged, particularly in the United States, and frequently exceeded supply. The aging Peugeot factory had difficulty supplying sufficient bicycles, and quality control occasionally suffered. Peugeot's reliance on French part suppliers began to impact sales after it became clear that Japanese firms were able to supply derailleurs and other components using more advanced designs and superior quality. By the early 1980s, Peugeot bicycles were utilizing Japanese derailleurs.

By 1983, ProCycle was exporting Canadian-made Peugeots to the U.S.

In 1987, Cycles Peugeot merged with AOP (Acier et Outillages Peugeot) to form ECIA (Equipment et Composants pour I'Industrie Automobile), and the Romilly factory began producing all Peugeot bicycles. That same year, ProCycle of Canada acquired rights to distribute French-made Peugeots. In 1990, Cycles Peugeot sold the North American rights to market bicycles under the Peugeot name to the Canadian firm ProCycle.

In 2001, ProCycle discontinued the Peugeot bicycle brand. In Europe, the licence to produce Peugeot-branded bicycles was sold to Cycleurope, a company making bicycles under different names, on condition that it would be reconsidered in 2004. That licence was later withdrawn for Europe, though production of bicycles for export continued for another year.

Today

As of 2011 Peugeot-branded cycles being sold in Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, United States, Japan, and Switzerland.

As of August 2011 Peugeot is revamping and relaunching the Cycles Peugeot brand with Cycleurope[2]

Current models

[when?]

Mountain bikes

  • VTT - Filou
  • VTT - Filou FS
  • VTT - RC
  • VTT - RC FS
  • VTT - Hoggar

Hybrid bikes

  • VTC - Black & Silver (Men's)
  • VTC - Black & Silver (Mixed)
  • VTC - Roland Garros
  • VTC - 1007

City Shopper bikes

  • Ville - Venice (Mixed)
  • Ville - Venice (Men's)
  • Ville - Dutch Lion (Mixed)
  • Ville - Dutch Lion (Men's)

Children's bikes

  • Hoggar Junior
  • Black & Silver Junior
  • Harmonie Junior
  • Color Line Junior

Discontinued models

Mountain bikes

  • Fun - Ladies MTB (VT1 FW)
  • Canyon Express (VTT 2GW)
  • Alpine Express (VTT 4BW) or (VTT 4L)
  • Europe Express (VTT 6BW)
  • Mont Blanc (VTT 2)
  • Orient express (unknown model number)
  • Ranger (VTT24)

Touring bikes

  • Cassis (PE 15TW)
  • Chambord (Ladies)(PH 46W)
  • Dordogne (PX531)
  • Provence (P6GP)
  • Provencelle (Ladies version of the Provence)
  • Randonneur (PX 50)
  • Savoie (PX531S)

Road bikes

  • Aubisque (PE 10DW)
  • Aspin (PE10 LS)
  • Avoriaz (PE 10SW)
  • Bordeaux (P 10DW)
  • Carbon Pro
  • Carbon Team Line
  • Cologne
  • Comete (A400)
  • Corbier (P4)
  • Cosmic
  • Fibre de Carbone (PY10FC)
  • Galibier (PH501 E)
  • Gentelmen (PR 60)
  • Iseran (P6)
  • Isoard (PX10)
  • Offensiv T500
  • Lautaret (PE10 B)
  • Leader 24 (C47CX) Junior racer
  • Leader 20 (C38CX)
  • LX 10
  • Mont Blanc (PHE 20)
  • Mont Cenis (PSV10M)
  • Perthus (PZ SIS)
  • Premiere (P10N)
  • Sports 10 (P4)
  • Sports 5 (P4M5)
  • Tourmalet (PH10)
  • Triathlon (PGN10T)
  • Tristar (PH501T)
  • Ventoux (P501BW)
  • Ventoux - 2nd model line (PE300)
  • P8
  • P0
  • PA 10
  • PC 10
  • PL 50
  • PX 60
  • PY 10
  • PZ 10
  • UO-8
  • UO-9
  • X80 Series

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Plummer, Jack, A Visit with Faliero and Alberto Masi, June 21, 1971, Article
  2. ^ http://www.peugeot.com/en/products/cycles.aspx

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cycles Peugeot — Création 1882 Fondateurs Armand Peugeot Personnages clés Famille Peugeo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peugeot (cycling team) — Peugeot team was a French professional cycling team that promoted and rode Peugeot racing bikes. It is listed as the most successful cycling team of all time on www.cyclingranking.com with a large margin on the number two, Alcyon.HistoryPeugeot… …   Wikipedia

  • Peugeot Motocycles — ist ein Hersteller zwei und dreirädriger Fahrzeuge. Die Peugeot Motocycles entstand 1926, als die Automobil und Motorradsparten der Peugeot AG aus finanziellen Gründen in verschiedene Unternehmen aufgeteilt wurden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cycles Gitane — Création 1930 Dates clés 1960 : prend le nom de Micmo SA 1976 : rachat par Renault 1992 : incorporation au groupe Cycleurope Fondateurs Marcel Brunelière …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peugeot Type — Peugeot Unternehmensform Teil von PSA Peugeot Citroën Gründung 1896 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peugeot XP Street Evo 2 — Peugeot Unternehmensform Teil von PSA Peugeot Citroën Gründung 1896 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peugeot — Rechtsform Teil von PSA Peugeot Citroën Gründung 1810 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peugeot — 49° 12′ 00″ N 7° 01′ 08″ E / 49.2, 7.01889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peugeot — For the article about the bicycle manufacturer, see Cycles Peugeot .Infobox Company company name = Peugeot S.A. company company type = Public subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroen slogans = The Drive Of Your Life Peugeot. Engineered To Be Enjoyed… …   Wikipedia

  • Peugeot — Эту статью следует викифицировать. Пожалуйста, оформите её согласно правилам оформления статей …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.