name= Inchcolm Abbey
David I of Scotland& Gregoir, Bishop of Dunkeld
1147x 1169(priory)/ 1235(abbey)
Diocese of Dunkeld
churches= Aberdour; Auchtertool; Beath; Dalgety; Dollar; Leslie; Rosyth
Inchcolm Abbey is a medieval abbey located on the island of
Inchcolmin the Firth of Forthin Scotland. The Abbey, which is located at the centre of the island, was in the 12th century during the episcopate of Gregoir, Bishop of Dunkeld. Later tradition placed it back in the reign of King Alexander I of Scotland(1107-24), who probably had some involvement in the island. He was apparently washed ashore there after a shipwreck in 1123, and took shelter in a hermit's hovel.
The Abbey was first used as a priory by
Augustinian canons regular, becoming a full abbey in 1235. The island was attacked by the English from 1296 onwards, and the Abbey was abandoned after the Scottish Reformationin 1560. It has since been used for defensive purposes, as it is situated in a strategically important position in the middle of the Firth of Forth. A medieval inscription carved above the Abbey's entrance reads: "Stet domus haec donec fluctus formica marinos ebibat, et totum testudo permabulet orbem" 'May this house stand until an ant drains the flowing sea, and a tortoise walks around the whole world'.
Inchcolm Abbey has the most complete surviving remains of any Scottish monastic house. The cloisters, chapter house, warming house, and refectory are all complete, and most of the remaining claustral buildings survive in a largely complete state. The least well-preserved part of the complex is the monastic church. The ruins are cared for by
Historic Scotland, which also maintains a visitor centre near the landing pier (entrance charge; ferry from South Queensferry).
The Abbey gives its name to the 14th century manuscript referred to as the Inchcolm
Antiphoner. It contains one of the few remaining examples of Celtic Plainchant, Pages of the Antiphoner can be accessed online in facsimile from Edinburgh University [http://www.lib.ed.ac.uk/lib/about/bgallery/Gallery/researchcoll/14thcentury.html] .
The Antiphoner contains a substantial number of chants dedicated to
Saint Columba. While these may derive from a variety of other monastic foundations with Columban associations, such as Oronsay Prioryor Iona, Inchcolm is considered the most likely source of the manuscript's compilation, if not composition.
Abbot of Inchcolm, for a list of priors and abbots of the community
Walter Bower, the most famous abbot
Abbeys and priories in Scotland, for a general list of Scottish monasteries
* [http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/op_ourproperties_searchdetail?id=90166 Historic Scotland's page on the abbey]
* [http://www.cyberscotia.com/inchcolm/ Cyberscotia's page on the island] - including maps, drawings, and photographs
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Inchcolm — Innis Choluim (gd) Géographie Pays … Wikipédia en Français
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INCHCOLM — an island in the Firth of Forth, near Aberdour, on the Fife coast, so called as the residence of St. Columba when engaged in the conversion of the Northern Picts; has the remains of an abbey founded by Alexander I … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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