Battle of Daugavpils
Battle of Daugavpils Part of Polish-Soviet War and Latvian War of Independence
FT-17 tanks of the Polish 2nd Tank Regiment preparing for the battle
Date September 28, 1919 to January 15, 1920 Location Daugavpils and vicinity, Latvia Result Decisive Polish-Latvian victory Belligerents Poland,
Republic of Latvia
Commanders and leaders Edward Rydz-Śmigły Unknown Strength 2 infantry divisions,
a tank regiment
Unknown Casualties and losses Unknown Unknown
- 2nd Berezina
- 1st Brześć
- 1st Grodno
- 1st Niemen
- 2nd Niemen
- 2nd Grodno
- 2nd Brześć
- 2nd Minsk
Battle of Daugavpils (also known as the Battle of Dyneburg) was the final battle of the joint Polish and Latvian Operation Winter against the Red Army. It took place in late December 1919 in the area around the city of Daugavpils. The fighting in the area started on September 28, and ended in January 1920.
From the Polish perspective it was a part of the Polish-Bolshevik War, while in Latvia it is referred to as a part of Latvian War of Independence.
The Polish commander of the 1st Legions Infantry Division general (later Marshal of Poland) Edward Rydz-Śmigły in late autumn of 1919, proposed that a joint Polish-Latvian operation against the Bolshevik forces be commenced. The front lines in the area were relatively peaceful and the city of Daugavpils could be captured relatively easily, especially since the Red Army was concentrating its forces further southwards. However, lack of support from Polish headquarters, as well as a personal conflict with general Stanisław Szeptycki resulted in Rydz-Śmigły's plan being refused.
However, the situation changed in December 1919, after an military alliance had been signed between the governments of Poland and Latvia. General Rydz-Śmigły was given the command over a small Operational Group composed of his 1st Legions Division, as well as the 3rd Legions Infantry Division and several minor Latvian auxiliary forces. The tanks of the 2nd company, commanded by the French Cpt. J. Dufour.
The battle for the city and its surroundings took place under harsh weather conditions, the area was covered with more than one meter of snow and the temperature dropped below −30 C°. The Polish-Latvian forces reached the area of the Daugavpils fortress almost unopposed; Poles attacking from the south and Latvians from the north. Polish forces moved into the city and took the fortress without much opposition from the Russians.
Soon afterward the Poles relinquished control of the city to the Latvians. Thanks to that, the interwar relations between Poland and Latvia were good, although Latvia refused to join Poland in its continued struggle against Soviet Russia. The problems that precluded the Polish and Latvian governments from expanding their relationship were the opposition from Lithuania (which was hostile towards Poland after the Polish-Lithuanian War) and a dispute about six Latvian rural municipalities and the city of Grīva with a big percentage of Polish inhabitants (south to the Daugava River). Several forms of alliance were proposed by Poland, such as Latvia joining the Międzymorze federation of Poland. It chose to join the Baltic Entente instead.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Daugavpils — Dinaburg redirects here. For the football team, see Dinaburg FC. Daugavpils City A view of Daugavpils in 1912 … Wikipedia
Daugavpils Ghetto — Jews in the Daugavpils ghetto, probably in August, 1941 Also known as Dvinsk ghetto, the Citadel, Ghetto Dünaburg Lo … Wikipedia
Battle of Warsaw (1920) — Battle of Warsaw Part of the Polish Soviet War … Wikipedia
Battle of Wołodarka — Part of Polish Soviet War Date May 29–31, 1920 Location Volodarka, near Kiev, Ukraine R … Wikipedia
Battle of Raseiniai — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Rasienai partof=World War II place=Raseiniai, Lithuania date=June 23, 1941 – June 27, 1941 result=German victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= commander2= strength1=300 tanks strength2=300 tanks… … Wikipedia
Battle of Aizkraukle — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Aizkraukle partof=the Northern Crusades caption=Livonian Confederation in 1260, showing the location of Ascheraden (Aizkraukle) date=March 5 1279 place=Near Aizkraukle territory= result=Lithuanian… … Wikipedia
Lithuanian–Soviet War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Lithuanian–Soviet War date=December 1918 – August 1919 partof = Lithuanian Wars of Independence Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919 place=Lithuania caption=Soviet prisoners of war in a Lithuanian camp. As of… … Wikipedia
Guerre russo-polonaise de 1920 — Demande de traduction Polish–Soviet War … Wikipédia en Français
Bataille de la rivière Niémen — La bataille de la rivière Niémen Informations générales Date 15 au 25 septembre 1920 Lieu Rives du Niémen, proximité de … Wikipédia en Français
Bataille de Varsovie (1920) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bataille de Varsovie. Bataille de Varsovie … Wikipédia en Français