teichoic acid


teichoic acid
Acidic polymers (glycerol or ribitol linked by phosphodiester bridges) found in cell wall of Gram positive bacteria. May constitute 10-50% of wall dry weight and are cross-linked to peptidoglycan. Related to lipoteichoic acid.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Teichoic acid — s. It is known that teichoic acids in most cases contain d alanine residues (one per phosphodiester), making the molecule zwitterionic. These zwitterionic teichoic acids can activate the immune system, thus acting as antigen. They may also… …   Wikipedia

  • teichoic acid — teicho rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Biopolimeras, susidedantis iš sacharido, D alanino, daugiahidroksilio alkoholio ir fosfato rūgšties liekanų. atitikmenys: angl. teichoic acid rus. тейхоевая кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • teichoic acid — tei·cho·ic acid tī .kō ik n any of a class of strongly acidic polymers found in the cell walls, capsules, and membranes of all gram positive bacteria and containing residues of the phosphates of glycerol and adonitol * * * tei·cho·ic ac·id (ti… …   Medical dictionary

  • teichoic acid — tāˈkōik , tīˈ noun Etymology: teichoic, from Greek teichos wall + English ic (I) more at dough : any of a class of strongly acidic polymers found in the cell walls, capsules, and membranes of all gram positive bacteria and containing residues of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • teichoic acid — noun Any of several polymers of glycerol or ribitol, linked via phosphodiester bonds, that are found in the cell walls of many bacteria …   Wiktionary

  • Teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase — In enzymology, a teichoic acid transporting ATPase (EC number|3.6.3.40) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ATP + H2O + teichoic acidin ightleftharpoons ADP + phosphate + teichoic acidoutThe 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, H2O …   Wikipedia

  • wall teichoic acid — any of various teichoic acids that are attached to N acetylmuramic acid residues of the peptidoglycan of gram positive bacteria; they may serve as antigenic determinants for certain bacteria. Cf. lipoteichoic acid …   Medical dictionary

  • teichoic acids — One of two classes (the other being the muramic acid s or mucopeptides) of polymers constituting the cell walls of Gram positive bacteria, but also found intracellularly; linear polymers of a polyol (ribitol phosphate or glycerol phosphate)… …   Medical dictionary

  • lipoteichoic acid — lipo·tei·cho·ic ac·id (lip″o ti koґik) any of various teichoic acids (q.v.) that are covalently linked to glycolipids of the plasma membrane of gram positive bacteria. In certain bacteria, they are major antigenic determinants. Cf. wall… …   Medical dictionary

  • Mycolic acid — Mycolic acids are long fatty acids found in the cell walls of the mycolata taxon, a group of bacteria that includes Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of the disease tuberculosis. They form the major component of the cell wall of… …   Wikipedia


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