surface-active compound


surface-active compound
Usually, in biological systems, means a detergent-like molecule that is amphipathic and that will bind to the plasma membrane, or to a surface with which cells come in contact, altering its properties from hydrophobic to hydrophilic, or vice versa.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • organosulfur compound — ▪ chemical compound Introduction also spelled  organosulphur compound , also called  organic sulfur compound   a subclass of organic substances that contain sulfur and that are known for their varied occurrence and unusual properties. They are… …   Universalium

  • quaternary ammonium compound — noun a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs • Hypernyms: ↑organic compound * * * noun also quaternary ( es) : any of a large class of strong… …   Useful english dictionary

  • quaternary ammonium compound — n any of numerous strong bases and their salts derived from ammonium by replacement of the hydrogen atoms with organic radicals and important esp. as surface active agents, disinfectants, and drugs called also quat, quaternary * * * an organic… …   Medical dictionary

  • quaternary ammonium compound — noun Date: circa 1934 any of numerous strong bases and their salts derived from ammonium by replacement of the hydrogen atoms with organic radicals and important especially as surface active agents, disinfectants, and drugs …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • quaternary ammonium compound — Chem. any of a class of salts derived from ammonium in which the nitrogen atom is attached to four organic groups, as in benzalkonium chloride; the salts are cationic surface active compounds used as antiseptics and disinfectants. Also called… …   Universalium

  • organometallic compound — ▪ chemical compound Introduction  any member of a class of substances containing at least one metal to carbon bond in which the carbon is part of an organic group. Organometallic compounds constitute a very large group of substances that have… …   Universalium

  • Organozinc compound — Organozinc compounds in organic chemistry contain carbon to zinc chemical bonds. Organozinc chemistry is the science of organozinc compounds describing their physical properties, synthesis and reactions.[1][2][3] …   Wikipedia

  • surfactant — A surface active compound; the best known example of which is the lung surfactant that renders the alveolar surfaces hydrophobic and prevents the lung filling with water by capillary action. The lung surfactant is produced just at parturition,… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • drug — drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. 2. (in federal law) a. any substance… …   Universalium

  • Drug — /droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living things. Some, including antibiotics, stimulants, tranquilizers,… …   Universalium


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