Organisms, namely bacteria and cyanobacteria (formerly known as blue-green algae), characterized by the possession of a simple naked DNA chromosome, occasionally two such chromosomes, usually of circular structure, without a nuclear membrane and possessing a very small range of organelles, generally only a plasma membrane and ribosomes.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prokaryotes — prokaryotes. См. прокариоты. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • prokaryotes — prokariotai statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Organizmai, kurie neturi branduolio apvalkalėlio ir kuriems nebūdinga mejozė bei mitozė. Tokios yra bakterijos. atitikmenys: angl. prokaryotes rus. прокариоты …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • prokaryotes — n. unicellular organism that does not have a nuclear membrane or cell organelles (such as bacteria and blue green algae) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes — Das International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (ICSP, Internationale Kommission für die Systematik der Prokaryoten), (früher International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology, ICSB, Internationale Kommission für Systematische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prokaryotic initiation factors — Prokaryotes require the use of three initiation factors: IF1, IF2, and IF3, for translation. IF1 IF1 associates with the 30S ribosomal subunit in the A site and prevents an aminoacyl tRNA from entering. It modulates IF2 binding to the ribosome by …   Wikipedia

  • прокариоты — prokaryotes, prokaryotic organisms прокариоты. Oрганизмы, клетки которых лишены ограниченного мембраной ядра; аналогом ядра является нуклеоид, генетическая система которого (генофор) соответствует примитивной хромосоме; митоза у П. нет, клетки П …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • PEV — Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, & Viruses (Medical » Physiology) * Personal Electric Vehicle (Governmental » Transportation) * Program EValuator (Governmental » US Government) * Pressurized Exploration Vehicle (Governmental » Transportation) * Position… …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Prokaryote — The prokaryotes (pronEng|proʊˈkærioʊts; singular prokaryote IPA|/proʊˈkæriət/) are a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus (= karyon), or any other membrane bound organelles. They differ from the eukaryotes, which have a cell nucleus. Most… …   Wikipedia

  • cell — cell1 cell like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of the… …   Universalium

  • Cell (biology) — Allium cells in different phases of the cell cycle …   Wikipedia

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