non-ionic detergent


non-ionic detergent
Detergent in which the hydrophilic head-group is uncharged. In practice hydrophilicity is usually conferred by -OH groups. Examples are the polyoxyethylene p-t-octyl phenols known as Tritons, and octyl glucoside. Non-ionic detergents can be used to solubilize intrinsic membrane proteins with less tendency to denature them than charged detergents. They do not usually cause disassembly of structures such as microfilaments and microtubules that depend on protein-protein interactions.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • non-ionic detergent — nejoninis ploviklis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Ploviklis, kurio aktyvusis komponentas – nejoninė paviršinio aktyvumo medžiaga. atitikmenys: angl. non ionic detergent; nonionic detergent rus. неионное моющее средство; неионогенное моющее …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • non-ionic detergent — noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions • Syn: ↑anionic detergent, ↑anionic • Derivationally related forms: ↑anionic (for: ↑anionic) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Detergent — For the band, see The Detergents. Detergents A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. [1] In common usage, detergent refers to alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are… …   Wikipedia

  • detergent — /dəˈtɜdʒənt / (say duh terjuhnt) adjective 1. cleansing; purging. –noun 2. a. any cleaning agent, including soap. b. one of a group of synthetic, organic cleaning agents with surface active properties; it may be cationic, anionic, or non ionic …   Australian English dictionary

  • nonionic detergent — nejoninis ploviklis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Ploviklis, kurio aktyvusis komponentas – nejoninė paviršinio aktyvumo medžiaga. atitikmenys: angl. non ionic detergent; nonionic detergent rus. неионное моющее средство; неионогенное моющее …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • anionic detergent — noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions • Syn: ↑anionic, ↑non ionic detergent • Derivationally related forms: ↑anionic (for: ↑anionic) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • nonionic detergent — /non uy on ik/ a detergent that is polar but does not ionize in aqueous solution. [1945 50; NON + IONIC] * * * …   Universalium

  • nonionic detergent — noun : any of a class of synthetic detergents (as long chain ether derivatives or esters of alcohols or phenols) that are neither anionic nor cationic but produce electrically neutral colloidal particles in solution * * * /non uy on ik/ a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Triton X-100 — Non ionic detergent used in isolating membrane proteins: the detergent replaces the phospholipids that normally surround such a protein. Other detergents of the Triton group are occasionally used so the full name should be quoted …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • anionic — adj. 1 of an anion or anions. 2 having an active anion. * * * I noun a class of synthetic detergents in which the molecules do not ionize in aqueous solutions (Freq. 7) • Syn: ↑anionic detergent, ↑non ionic detergent • Hypernyms: ↑detergent …   Useful english dictionary


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