glutathione reductase


glutathione reductase
An FAD-containing enzyme, a dimer of 50 kD subunits. It catalyses the NADP-dependent reduction of glutathione disulphide (GSSG) to glutathione (GSH). This is an essential reaction that maintains a GSH:GSSG ratio in the cytoplasm of around 500:1.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • Glutathione reductase — Glutathione reductase, also known as GSR, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: GSR glutathione reductase| url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene Cmd=ShowDetailView TermToSearch=2936| accessdate = ] The protein encoded… …   Wikipedia

  • glutathione reductase (NADPH) — glu·ta·thi·one re·duc·tase (NADPH) (gloo″tə thiґōn re dukґtās) glutathione disulfide reductase …   Medical dictionary

  • CoA-glutathione reductase — Identifiers EC number 1.8.1.10 CAS number 37256 33 0 …   Wikipedia

  • Glutathione — Glutathione[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Glutathione disulfide — IUPAC name (2S) 2 amino 5 [[(2R) 3 [(2R) 2 [[(4S) 4 amino 5 hydroxy 5 oxopent …   Wikipedia

  • Glutathione peroxidase — protein Name = glutathione peroxidase 1 caption = width = 240 px HGNCid = 4553 Symbol = GPX1 AltSymbols = EntrezGene = 2876 OMIM = 138320 RefSeq = NM 000581 UniProt = P07203 PDB = ECnumber = 1.11.1.9 Chromosome = 3 Arm = p Band = 21.3… …   Wikipedia

  • glutathione peroxidase — A detoxifying enzyme that eliminates hydrogen peroxide and organic peroxides. Glutathione is an essential cofactor for the enzyme and its reaction involves the oxidation of glutathione (GSH) to glutathione disulphide (GSSG). The GSSG is then… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • reductase — noun An enzyme that chemically reduces its substrate. disulfide reduction by glutathione is a three step process, the last of which is catalyzed by glutathione reductase …   Wiktionary

  • Glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) — Identifiers EC number 1.8.5.1 CAS number 9026 38 4 …   Wikipedia

  • glutathione — A tripeptide of glycine, l cysteine, and l glutamate, with l glutamate having an isopeptide bond with the amino moiety of l cysteine. G. has a wide variety of roles in a cell; it is the most prevalent non protein thiol. G. disulfide (GSSG)… …   Medical dictionary


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