(= flagella (plural) )
Long thin projection from a cell used in movement. In eukaryotes flagella (like cilia) have a characteristic axial ‘9+2’ microtubular array (axoneme) and bends are generated along the length of the flagellum by restricted sliding of the nine outer doublets. In prokaryotes the flagellum is made of polymerized flagellin and is rotated by the basal motor.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FLAGELLUM — lemma Mart. l. 14. Apopn. Epigr. 55. Proficies nibil, hoc caedas licet usqueve flagello, Si tibi purpureo de grege currit equus. Ubi de equis purpureae factionis in Circensibus. Nempe flagellum aurigarum est. Unde Lunae auriganti id adscriptum ad …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • flagellum — ● flagellum nom masculin Sceptre égyptien caractérisé par trois lanières liées ensemble, figuré dans la main du pharaon et dans celle d Osiris. 1. flagelle [flaʒɛl] ou flagellum [flaʒelɔm; flaʒɛllɔm] n. m. ÉTYM. 1878; lat. flagellum « …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • flagellum — (n.) 1852, in reference to microbes, from L. flagellum whip, scourge, dim. of flagrum whip, from PIE root *bhlag to strike …   Etymology dictionary

  • Flagellum — Fla*gel lum, n.; pl. E. {Flagellums}, L. {Flagella}. [L., a whip. See {Flagellate}, v. t.] 1. (Bot.) A young, flexible shoot of a plant; esp., the long trailing branch of a vine, or a slender branch in certain mosses. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • flagellum — flagellum. См. жгутик. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Flagellum — (lat.), 1) (röm. Ant.), lederner Riemen, in dessen Ende Blei od. Eisenstücke eingebunden waren; damit wurden Verbrecher gezüchtigt; 2) (Bot., Ausläufer), ein langer fadenförmiger Trieb, der oben aus der Wurzel entspringt u. unter der Erde… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Flagellum — (lat.), Geißel, s. Flimmer; in der Botanik soviel wie Schößling (s.d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Flagellum — vgl. Flagelle …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • flagellum — ► NOUN (pl. flagella) Biology ▪ a microscopic whip like appendage which enables many protozoans, bacteria, and spermatozoa to swim. ORIGIN Latin, little whip …   English terms dictionary

  • flagellum — [flə jel′əm] n. pl. flagella [flə jel′ə] or flagellums [L, a whip: see FLAGELLATE] 1. a whip 2. Biol. a whiplike part or process of some cells, esp. of certain bacteria, protozoans, etc., that is an organ of locomotion or produces a current in… …   English World dictionary

  • Flagellum — For the insect anatomical structure, see Antenna (biology). For the flagella of male Solifugae, see Solifugae. Flagella Code TH H1. A flagellum ( …   Wikipedia

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