Genus of Gram positive anaerobic spore-forming bacilli commonly found in soil. Many species produce exotoxins of great potency, the best known being C. botulinum, and C. tetani. Among the toxins produced by C. perfringens are perfringolysin (theta toxin), an alpha-toxin (Phospholipase C), beta, epsilon and iota-toxins (act on vascular endothelium to cause increased vascular permeability), delta-toxin (a haemolysin), and kappa-toxin (a collagenase).

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clostridium — Clostridium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clostridium — SEM micrograph of Clostridium difficile colonies from a stool sample. Scientific classification Domain …   Wikipedia

  • Clostridium — acetobutylicum Clostridium aerotolerans Clostridium botulinum Clostridium colicanis Clostridium difficile Clostridium formicaceticum Clostridium novyi Clostridium perfringens Clostridium tetani Clostridium es un género de bacterias baciláceas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • clostridium — n. {clostridia} 1. spindle shaped bacterial cell esp. one swollen at the center by an endospore. Syn: clostridia. [WordNet 1.5] 2. [capitalized] a genus of anaerobic, spore forming motile bacteria of the family {Bacillaceae}, including several… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • clostridium — [kläs trid′ē əm] n. pl. clostridia [kläs trid′ēə] [ModL < Gr klōstēr, a spindle (see CLOTHO) + ModL idium, dim. suffix < Gr idion: so named from its shape] any of a large genus (Clostridium) of spore forming, anaerobic, rod shaped bacteria …   English World dictionary

  • Clostridium — См. Клостридий (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Clostridĭum — (lat.), die Spindelform, die an den Enden abgerundete Stäbchenbakterien annehmen, wenn es bei der Ausbildung der mittelständigen Sporen zu einer Austreibung des Stäbchens kommt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Clostridium — Género de bacterias anaerobias formadoras de esporas de la familia Bacillaceae implicadas en la gangrena gaseosa, el botulismo, la intoxicación alimentaria, las celulitis, la infección de heridas y el tétanos. Diccionario Mosby Medicina,… …   Diccionario médico

  • Clostridium — Clostridium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clostridium — Clostridien Clostridium botulinum Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Stamm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clostridium —   Clostridium …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.