taxon


taxon
(plural taxa))
any taxonomic unit (named or not) or category such as a family, genus, or species. It includes all taxa of lower rank and all individual organisms. A nominal taxon is the taxon, as objectively defined by its type, to which any given name whether valid or invalid applies. Not necessarily monophyletic. A subordinate taxon is a taxon at a lower rank than the taxon of the same coordinate group with which it is compared. A taxonomic taxon, e.g. family, species, is a taxon including whatever nominal taxa and individuals a scientist at any time considers it to contain in his/her study. A zoological taxon is a natural taxon of animals which may or may not have had a name applied to it. An infrasubspecific taxon is one at a lower rank than that of subspecies (not regulated by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature)

Dictionary of ichthyology. 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • taxon — taxon …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • taxon — [ taksɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1964; du gr. taxis → taxi ♦ Biol. Unité formelle représentée par un groupe d organismes, à chaque niveau de la classification (⇒ cladogramme). Taxon de rang spécifique, de rang familial. Des taxons. ● taxon ou taxum nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • taxon — taxón s. m. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  TAXÓN m. biol. Unitate sistematică folosită la clasificarea regnului vegetal şi animal. /<fr. taxon Trimis de siveco, 22.08.2004. Sursa: NODEX  TAXÓN s.m. ( …   Dicționar Român

  • taxon — taxón o taxon (Palabra creada sobre taxonomía). m. Biol. Cada una de las subdivisiones de la clasificación biológica, desde la especie, que se toma como unidad, hasta el filo o tipo de organización …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Taxon — Tax on (t[a^]ks [o^]n), n.; pl. {taxa} or {taxons}. a taxonomic group, or the name of a taxonomic grouping. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • taxon — taxon. См. таксон. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Taxon — (Plur. Taxa), einer Kategorie entsprechende Benennung einer natürlichen Gruppe von Organismen. Die Zuordnung erfolgt aufgrund einer »diskontinuierlichen Variabilität«; darunter versteht man eine zu beobachtende Gleichförmigkeit bei Angehörigen… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • taxon — 1929, from German (1926), shortened from taxonomie (see TAXONOMY (Cf. taxonomy)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • taxon — [tak′sän΄] n. pl. taxa [tak′sə] [back form. < TAXONOMY] a taxonomic category or unit, as a species or family …   English World dictionary

  • Taxón — La clasificación jerárquica puede expresarse con un dendrograma, en que cada nodo representa un posible taxón y los taxones se agrupan en una jerarquía de inclusión. En biología, un taxón (del griego ταξις, transliterado como taxis, ordenamiento… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Taxon — Als Taxon (das, Plural: Taxa; zu griechisch τάξις táxis ‚(An )Ordnung, Rang’) bezeichnet man in der Biologie eine als systematische Einheit erkannte Gruppe von Lebewesen. Meist drückt sich diese Systematik auch durch einen eigenen Namen für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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