a bibliographic source usually comprising author, date, year, title of article or book, name of journal, place of publication, volume, issue and pagination, or name of publisher, place of publication and pagination

Dictionary of ichthyology. 2009.


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  • Reference — Ref er*ence (r?f ?r ens), n. [See {Refer}.] 1. The act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference to a chart for guidance. [1913 Webster] 2. That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reference — For help in citing references, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. For the Wikipedia Reference Desk, see Wikipedia:Reference desk. Reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French rèférer, from Latin referre, to carry back , formed …   Wikipedia

  • Reference (C++) — In the C++ programming language, a reference is a simple reference datatype that is less powerful but safer than the pointer type inherited from C. The name C++ reference may cause confusion, as in computer science a reference is a general… …   Wikipedia

  • reference — I. noun Date: 1589 1. the act of referring or consulting 2. a bearing on a matter ; relation < in reference to your recent letter > 3. something that refers: as a. allusion, mention b. something (as a sign or indication) that refers a reader or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • RÉFÉRENCE — n. f. Action de référer ou de renvoyer d’une chose à une autre, à un texte, à une autorité. Ce dictionnaire contient beaucoup de références d’un article à un autre. Cet ouvrage d’histoire est très intéressant, mais l’auteur aurait eu intérêt à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • reference — See: IN REFERENCE TO or WITH REFERENCE TO …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • reference — See: IN REFERENCE TO or WITH REFERENCE TO …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • Reference range — Reference ranges edit in: blood urine CSF feces In health related fields, a reference range or reference interval usually describes the variations of a measurement or value in healthy i …   Wikipedia

  • Reference ranges for blood tests — Reference ranges edit in: blood urine CSF feces Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of …   Wikipedia

  • — URL Type of site Encyclopedia, Dictionary, Thesaurus Available language(s) English, Spanish …   Wikipedia

  • Reference values — Reference value is a term used in medicine to denote a laboratory value used as a reference for values obtained by laboratory examinations of patients or samples (blood, urine or other materials) collected from patients.An important step in the… …   Wikipedia

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