Kidney stone

Kidney Kid"ney (k[i^]d"n[y^]), n.; pl. {Kidneys} (k[i^]d"n[i^]z). [OE. kidnei, kidnere, from Icel. koi[eth]r belly, womb (akin to Goth. gipus, AS. cwi[thorn] womb) + OE. nere kidney; akin to D. nier, G. niere, OHG. nioro, Icel. n[=y]ra, Dan. nyre, Sw. njure, and probably to Gr. nefro`s Cf. {Kite} belly.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Anat.) A glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body; a urinary gland. [1913 Webster]

Note: In man and in other mammals there are two kidneys, one on each side of vertebral column in the back part of the abdomen, each kidney being connected with the bladder by a long tube, the ureter, through which the urine is constantly excreted into the bladder to be periodically discharged. [1913 Webster]

2. Habit; disposition; sort; kind; as, a man of a different kidney. --Shak. [1913 Webster +PJC]

There are in later times other decrees, made by popes of another kidney. --Barrow. [1913 Webster]

Millions in the world of this man's kidney. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

Your poets, spendthrifts, and other fools of that kidney, pretend, forsooth, to crack their jokes on prudence. --Burns. [1913 Webster]

Note: This use of the word perhaps arose from the fact that the kidneys and the fat about them are an easy test of the condition of an animal as to fatness. ``Think of that, -- a man of my kidney; -- . . . as subject to heat as butter.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. A waiter. [Old Cant] --Tatler. [1913 Webster]

{Floating kidney}. See {Wandering kidney}, under {Wandering}.

{Kidney bean} (Bot.), a sort of bean; -- so named from its shape. It is of the genus {Phaseolus} ({Phaseolus vulgaris}). See under {Bean}.

{Kidney ore} (Min.), a variety of hematite or iron sesquioxide, occurring in compact kidney-shaped masses.

{Kidney stone}. (Min.) See {Nephrite}, and {Jade}.

{Kidney vetch} (Bot.), a leguminous herb of Europe and Asia ({Anthyllis vulneraria}), with cloverlike heads of red or yellow flowers, once used as a remedy for renal disorders, and also to stop the flow of blood from wounds; lady's-fingers.

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kidney stone — n. a hard mineral deposit sometimes formed in the kidney from phosphates, urates, etc.; renal calculus …   English World dictionary

  • kidney stone — ► NOUN ▪ a hard mass formed in the kidneys, typically consisting of insoluble calcium compounds …   English terms dictionary

  • Kidney stone — Classification and external resources …   Wikipedia

  • Kidney stone — 1. A stone in the kidney (or lower down in the urinary tract). Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones occur in 1 in 20 people at some time in their life. The development of… …   Medical dictionary

  • kidney stone — Renal calculus Renal calculus (Med.), an abnormal concretion formed in the excretory passages of the kidney, composed primarily of calcium oxalates and phosphates; also called {kidney stone}, {nephrolith}, and {nephritic calculus} (an obsolete… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • kidney stone — Pathol. an abnormal stone, or concretion, composed primarily of oxalates and phosphates, found in the kidney. Also called renal calculus. [1970 75] * * * or renal calculus Mass of minerals and organic matter that may form in a kidney. Urine… …   Universalium

  • kidney stone — noun a calculus formed in the kidney • Syn: ↑urinary calculus, ↑nephrolith, ↑renal calculus • Hypernyms: ↑calculus, ↑concretion * * * noun, pl ⋯ stones [count] medical : a hard object like a small stone that sometimes forms in …   Useful english dictionary

  • kidney stone — kid′ney stone n. pat a stony mineral concretion formed abnormally in the kidney • Etymology: 1945–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • kidney stone — noun A calculus in the kidney; (older term) kidney gravel …   Wiktionary

  • kidney stone — noun Date: 1874 a calculus (as of calcium salts) in the kidney …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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