kibbutz kib*butz" (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl. {Kibbutzim}. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.] an Israeli communal[2] form of agricultural settlement. Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a very high level of sharing, including collective rearing of children. More recently (by 1998) industries have taken over a significant role in the Kibbutz economy, and the level of sharing has dropped significantly.

Note: Of several Modern Hebrew words designating unique Israeli forms of agricultural settlement, only the word Kibbutz found its way into English. This may reflect the fact that the Kibbutzim, and only they, have long practiced hosting foreign volunteers from all over the world: youngsters who work on the Kibbutz not for a salary but for boarding and food. Many volunteers come from English speaking countries, and probably via them the word Kibbutz entered modern English dictionaries. [RP]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kibbutz — KIBBÚTZ, kibbutzuri, s.n. Gospodărie colectivă agrară în Israel. [pr.: chibúţ] – Din fr. kibboutz. Trimis de catalin caba, 15.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  KIBBÚTZ, kibbútzuri, s.n. kibbutz (< ebr. mod. qibbūṣ = reuniune, adunare) [et. MW] Trimis… …   Dicționar Român

  • kibbutz — (n.) Israeli collective settlement, 1931, from Modern Heb. qibbus gathering, earlier a gathering together, verbal noun from root of qibbetz he gathered together. Plural is kibbutzim. Related to Arabic quabada he grasped seized …   Etymology dictionary

  • kibbutz — |quibútze| s. m. Herdade israelita de exploração coletiva. • Plural: kibbutzim.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra hebraica, de qibbus, agrupamento …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • kibbutz — ► NOUN (pl. kibbutzim) ▪ a communal farming settlement in Israel. ORIGIN modern Hebrew, gathering …   English terms dictionary

  • kibbutz — [ki bo͞ots′, kiboots′] n. pl. kibbutzim [kē΄bo͞o tsēm′] [ModHeb] an Israeli collective settlement, esp. a collective farm …   English World dictionary

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • Kibbutz — Als Kibbuz (hebräisch: קִבּוּץ, „Zusammenkunft“; Mehrzahl Kibbuzim) bezeichnet man eine ländliche Kollektivsiedlung in Israel mit gemeinsamem Eigentum und basisdemokratischen Strukturen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Allgemeines 2 Ideologie des Kibbuz 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kibbutz — (pl. Kibbutzim)    The kibbutz (a word meaning collective settlement that comes from the Hebrew for group) was a socialist experiment, a voluntary grouping of individuals who hold property in common and have their needs satisfied by the commune.… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • kibbutz — /ki boots , boohts /, n., pl. kibbutzim / boot seem /. (in Israel) a community settlement, usually agricultural, organized under collectivist principles. [1930 35; < ModHeb kibus; cf. Heb qibbus gathering] * * * Israeli communal settlement in… …   Universalium

  • kibbutz — (Voz hebrea.) ► sustantivo masculino AGRICULTURA, SOCIOLOGÍA Explotación comunitaria, generalmente agrícola, de Israel. IRREG. plural kibbutz * * * kibbutz (de or. hebr.; pronunc. [quibúts]; pl. «kibbutz») m. Explotación agrícola cooperativista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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