Judge-Advocate General

Judge Judge (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See {Judge}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose. [1913 Webster]

The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic. [1913 Webster]

A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a horse race. [1913 Webster]

4. (Jewish Hist.) One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years. [1913 Webster]

5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges. [1913 Webster]

{Judge Advocate} (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.

{Judge-Advocate General}, in the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial.

Syn: {Judge}, {Umpire}, {Arbitrator}, {Referee}.

Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person selected to decide between two or more who contend for a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually on grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment. Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Judge Advocate General — n pl Judge Advocates General: the senior legal officer and chief legal adviser in the army, navy, or air force Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. Judge Advocate General …   Law dictionary

  • Judge Advocate General — s Corps Pour les articles homonymes, voir JAG (homonymie). Le corps du juge avocat général (connu également sous son abréviation JAG) est le bureau qui fournit les juges, les avocats et les procureurs des cours martiales américaines. Il s agit du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • judge advocate-general — in matters of martial or military law, the judge advocate general s department advises the government on matters of such law and reviews the conduct of courts martial. He will appoint barristers as judge advocates to sit in courts martial.… …   Law dictionary

  • judge advocate general — ☆ judge advocate general n. pl. judge advocates general the head officer of the legal section in the U.S. Army, Navy, or Air Force …   English World dictionary

  • Judge Advocate General — Das Judge Advocate General s Corps (JAG Corps / JAGC) ist die oberste Justizinstanz der US Streitkräfte. Der Judge Advocate General, ein Lieutenant General oder Vice Admiral, ist der Vorsteher dieser Behörde. Es gibt vier voneinander unabhängige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • judge advocate general — judge ad′vocate gen′eral n. pl. judge advocates general, judge advocate generals mil the chief legal officer of an army, navy, or air force • Etymology: 1860–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • judge advocate general — pl. judge advocates general, judge advocate generals. Mil. the chief legal officer of an army, navy, or air force. [1860 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • Judge Advocate General — Severally, the Judge Advocates General of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and except when the Coast Guard is operating as a service in the Navy, the General Counsel of the Department of the Treasury. 10 USC § 801(1) …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • judge advocate general — noun a senior legal official appointed to advise the governor general, ministers and senior military commanders in matters of law …   Australian English dictionary

  • Judge Advocate General — Senior legal officer and chief legal advisor of the Army, Navy, and Air Force and, except when the Coast Guard is operating as a service in the Navy, the General Counsel of the Department of Transportation. 10 U.S.C.A. No. 801 …   Black's law dictionary

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