Joint and several

Joint and several
Joint Joint (joint), a. [F., p. p. of joindre. See {Join}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Joined; united; combined; concerted; as, joint action. [1913 Webster]

2. Involving the united activity of two or more; done or produced by two or more working together. [1913 Webster]

I read this joint effusion twice over. --T. Hook. [1913 Webster]

3. United, joined, or sharing with another or with others; not solitary in interest or action; holding in common with an associate, or with associates; acting together; as, joint heir; joint creditor; a joint bank account; joint debtor, etc. ``Joint tenants of the world.'' --Donne. [1913 Webster]

4. Shared by, or affecting two or more; held in common; as, joint property; a joint bond. [1913 Webster]

A joint burden laid upon us all. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Joint committee} (Parliamentary Practice), a committee composed of members of the two houses of a legislative body, for the appointment of which concurrent resolutions of the two houses are necessary. --Cushing.

{Joint meeting}, or {Joint session}, the meeting or session of two distinct bodies as one; as, a joint meeting of committees representing different corporations; a joint session of both branches of a State legislature to chose a United States senator. ``Such joint meeting shall not be dissolved until the electoral votes are all counted and the result declared.'' --Joint Rules of Congress, U. S.

{Joint resolution} (Parliamentary Practice), a resolution adopted concurrently by the two branches of a legislative body. ``By the constitution of the United States and the rules of the two houses, no absolute distinction is made between bills and joint resolutions.'' --Barclay (Digest).

{Joint rule} (Parliamentary Practice), a rule of proceeding adopted by the concurrent action of both branches of a legislative assembly. ``Resolved, by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), that the sixteenth and seventeenth joint rules be suspended for the remainder of the session.'' --Journal H. of R., U. S.

{Joint and several} (Law), a phrase signifying that the debt, credit, obligation, etc., to which it is applied is held in such a way that the parties in interest are engaged both together and individually thus a joint and several debt is one for which all the debtors may be sued together or either of them individually; used especially in the phrase joint and several liability.

{Joint stock}, stock held in company.

{Joint-stock company} (Law), a species of partnership, consisting generally of a large number of members, having a capital divided, or agreed to be divided, into shares, the shares owned by any member being usually transferable without the consent of the rest.

{Joint tenancy} (Law), a tenure by two or more persons of estate by unity of interest, title, time, and possession, under which the survivor takes the whole. --Blackstone.

{Joint tenant} (Law), one who holds an estate by joint tenancy. Contrassted with {tenant in common}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • joint and several — joint and sev·er·al adj: relating or belonging to two or more parties together and separately joint and several duties of the partners see also joint and several liability at liability 2b compare in sol …   Law dictionary

  • joint and several —    In finance, a concept that refers to a debt in which each debtor is liable for the entire amount of the debt. For example, if it is stated in a promissory note that more than one person owes the funds to be paid, the debt is joint and several …   Business law dictionary

  • joint and several — A legal expression used to indicate that two or more parties each are fully liable rather than together fully liable. For example, if two individuals execute joint and several guaranties, either one can be asked to repay the entire amount of the… …   Financial and business terms

  • joint and several — adjective : constituting or relating to rights which two or more persons entitled thereto may assert either together or separately or to duties and liabilities of two or more persons for which they may be held liable either together or separately …   Useful english dictionary

  • joint and several — A term importing unity, as distinguishing from separate or several which implies division or distribution. Merrill v Pepperdine, 9 Ind App 416, 36 NE 921 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • joint and several — adjective (of a legal obligation) undertaken by two or more people, each having liability for the whole …   English new terms dictionary

  • joint and several liability — see liability 2b Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. joint and several liability …   Law dictionary

  • joint and several liability — ➔ liability * * * joint and several liability UK US noun [U] ► LAW a situation where each of the people or organizations in a group is responsible, as a group and separately, for paying a debt, paying for damage that has been caused, etc.: »The… …   Financial and business terms

  • joint and several contracts — A joint contract is one made by two or more promisors, who are jointly bound to fulfill its obligations, or made to two or more promisees, who are jointly entitled to require performance of the same. A contract may be several as to any one of… …   Black's law dictionary

  • joint and several liability — (law) The responsibility of any one member of a group for the actions or debts of any or all of the others, and the responsibility of the group as a whole for the actions or debts of any one member • • • Main Entry: ↑join …   Useful english dictionary

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