Formic acid

Formic For"mic, a. [L. formica an ant: cf. F. formique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, ants; as, formic acid; in an extended sense, pertaining to, or derived from, formic acid; as, formic ether. [1913 Webster]

{Amido formic acid}, carbamic acid.

{Formic acid}, a colorless, mobile liquid, {HCO.OH}, of a sharp, acid taste, occurring naturally in ants, nettles, pine needles, etc., and produced artifically in many ways, as by the oxidation of methyl alcohol, by the reduction of carbonic acid or the destructive distillation of oxalic acid. It is the first member of the fatty acids in the paraffin series, and is homologous with acetic acid. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Formic acid — Formic acid …   Wikipedia

  • formic acid — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ an irritant acid present in the fluid emitted by some ants. ORIGIN formic from Latin formica ant …   English terms dictionary

  • formic acid — Chem., Pharm. a colorless, irritating, fuming, water soluble liquid, CH2O2, originally obtained from ants and now manufactured synthetically, used in dyeing and tanning and in medicine chiefly as a counterirritant and astringent. [1785 95] * * *… …   Universalium

  • formic acid — HCOOH; the smallest carboxylic acid; a strong caustic, used as an astringent and counterirritant. * * * formic acid n a colorless pungent fuming vesicant liquid acid CH2O2 found esp. in ants and in many plants and used chiefly in dyeing and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Formic acid — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Ameisensäure Andere Namen Formylsäure Formalinsäure …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • formic acid — skruzdžių rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HCOOH atitikmenys: angl. formic acid rus. муравьиная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – metano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • formic acid — [ fɔ:mɪk] noun Chemistry an irritant volatile organic acid present in the fluid emitted by some ants; methanoic acid. [HCOOH.] Origin C18: formic from L. formica ant …   English new terms dictionary

  • formic acid — noun The simplest carboxylic acid, HCOOH, a colourless, corrosive liquid with a sharp odour; it is present in the stings of ants, bees and nettles, and is prepared industrially by the oxidation of …   Wiktionary

  • formic acid — n. a colourless irritant volatile acid (HCOOH) contained in the fluid emitted by some ants. Also called METHANOIC ACID. Derivatives: formate n. Etymology: L formica ant …   Useful english dictionary

  • formic acid — noun Etymology: irregular from Latin formica ant more at pismire Date: 1790 a colorless pungent fuming vesicant liquid acid CH2O2 found especially in ants and in many plants and used chiefly in dyeing and finishing textiles …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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