- occurrence in the mineral fluorite.] (Chem.)
A non-metallic, gaseous element of atomic number 9, strongly
acid or negative, and associated with chlorine, bromine, and
iodine, in the halogen group of which it is the first member.
It always occurs combined, is very active chemically, and
possesses such an avidity for most elements, and silicon
especially, that it can neither be prepared nor kept in glass
vessels, but may be contained in lead vessels.
If set free it
immediately attacks a containing glass vessel, so that it was
not isolated until 1886. It is a pungent, corrosive,
colorless gas. Symbol F. Atomic weight 19.00.
Note: Fluorine unites with hydrogen to form hydrofluoric acid, which is the agent employed in etching glass. It occurs naturally, principally combined as calcium fluoride in fluorite, and as a double fluoride of aluminium and sodium in cryolite. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fluorine — Fluorine, la. fluorum, meaning to flow ), is the chemical element with the symbol F and atomic number 9. Atomic fluorine is univalent and is the most chemically reactive and electronegative of all the elements. In its elementally isolated (pure)… … Wikipedia
fluorine — [ flyɔrin ] n. f. • 1833; de fluor ♦ Chim. Fluorure de calcium naturel (cf. Spath fluor). On dit aussi FLUORITE . ● fluorite ou fluorine nom féminin Fluorure naturel de calcium, de formule CaF2, qui cristallise le plus souvent en cubes de teinte… … Encyclopédie Universelle
fluorine — Symbol: F Atomic number: 9 Atomic weight: 18.9984 A poisonous pale yellow gaseous element belonging to group 17 of the periodic table (The halogens). It is the most chemically reactive and electronegative element. It is highly dangerous, causing… … Elements of periodic system
fluorine — 1813, non metallic element, coined by English chemist Sir Humphry Davy (1778 1829) from fluorspar ( calcium fluoride, modern fluorite), the late 18c. name of the mineral where it was first found; see FLUOR (Cf. fluor) + chemical suffix INE (Cf.… … Etymology dictionary
fluorine — ► NOUN ▪ a poisonous, extremely reactive, pale yellow gaseous chemical element. ORIGIN from fluor (see FLUORSPAR(Cf. ↑F)) … English terms dictionary
fluorine — [flôr′ēn΄, floor′ēn] n. [ FLUOR + INE3] a corrosive, toxic, greenish yellow gaseous chemical element, one of the halogens and the most reactive nonmetallic element, forming fluorides with almost all known elements: symbol, F; at. no., 9: see the… … English World dictionary
fluorine — /floor een, in, flawr , flohr /, n. Chem. the most reactive nonmetallic element, a pale yellow, corrosive, toxic gas that occurs combined, esp. in fluorite, cryolite, phosphate rock, and other minerals. Symbol: F; at. wt.: 18.9984; at. no.: 9.… … Universalium
Fluorine — Fluorite Catégorie III : halogénures Fluorite sur quartz Le Burg France Muséum de Toulouse … Wikipédia en Français
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fluorine-18 — noun An artificial radioactive isotope of fluorine, , having nine protons and nine neutrons, that is an important industrial source of positrons See Also: fluorine 19 … Wiktionary