File


File
File File (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe['o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or teeth, made by indentation with a chisel, used for abrading or smoothing other substances, as metals, wood, etc. [1913 Webster]

Note: A file differs from a rasp in having the furrows made by straight cuts of a chisel, either single or crossed, while the rasp has coarse, single teeth, raised by the pyramidal end of a triangular punch. [1913 Webster]

2. Anything employed to smooth, polish, or rasp, literally or figuratively. [1913 Webster]

Mock the nice touches of the critic's file. --Akenside. [1913 Webster]

3. A shrewd or artful person. [Slang] --Fielding. [1913 Webster]

Will is an old file in spite of his smooth face. --Thackeray. [1913 Webster]

{Bastard file}, {Cross file}, etc. See under {Bastard}, {Cross}, etc.

{Cross-cut file}, a file having two sets of teeth crossing obliquely.

{File blank}, a steel blank shaped and ground ready for cutting to form a file.

{File cutter}, a maker of files.

{Second-cut file}, a file having teeth of a grade next finer than bastard.

{Single-cut file}, a file having only one set of parallel teeth; a float.

{Smooth file}, a file having teeth so fine as to make an almost smooth surface. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

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  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

  • filé — filé, ée 1. (fi lé, lée) part. passé. 1°   Mis sous forme de fil. Du chanvre filé.    Terme de luthier. Cordes filées, celles qui sont entourées d un fil de laiton comme la grosse corde de violon. 2°   Fig. Il se dit du fil que filent les Parques …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


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