Constitution

Constitution Con`sti*tu"tion (k[o^]n`st[ict]*t[=u]"sh[u^]n), n. [F. constitution, L. constitutio.] 1. The act or process of constituting; the action of enacting, establishing, or appointing; enactment; establishment; formation. [1913 Webster]

2. The state of being; that form of being, or structure and connection of parts, which constitutes and characterizes a system or body; natural condition; structure; texture; conformation. [1913 Webster]

The physical constitution of the sun. --Sir J. Herschel. [1913 Webster]

3. The aggregate of all one's inherited physical qualities; the aggregate of the vital powers of an individual, with reference to ability to endure hardship, resist disease, etc.; as, a robust constitution. [1913 Webster]

Our constitutions have never been enfeebled by the vices or luxuries of the old world. --Story. [1913 Webster]

4. The aggregate of mental qualities; temperament. [1913 Webster]

He defended himself with . . . less passion than was expected from his constitution. --Clarendon. [1913 Webster]

5. The fundamental, organic law or principles of government of men, embodied in written documents, or implied in the institutions and usages of the country or society; also, a written instrument embodying such organic law, and laying down fundamental rules and principles for the conduct of affairs. [1913 Webster]

Our constitution had begun to exist in times when statesmen were not much accustomed to frame exact definitions. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

Note: In England the constitution is unwritten, and may be modified from time to time by act of Parliament. In the United States a constitution cannot ordinarily be modified, exept through such processes as the constitution itself ordains. [1913 Webster]

6. An authoritative ordinance, regulation or enactment; especially, one made by a Roman emperor, or one affecting ecclesiastical doctrine or discipline; as, the constitutions of Justinian. [1913 Webster]

The positive constitutions of our own churches. --Hooker. [1913 Webster]

A constitution of Valentinian addressed to Olybrius, then prefect of Rome, for the regulation of the conduct of advocates. --George Long. [1913 Webster]

{Apostolic constitutions}. See under {Apostolic}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • constitution — [ kɔ̃stitysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • constitucion « ordonnance, règlement » v. 1170; lat. constitutio « institution » I ♦ 1 ♦ Dr. Action d établir légalement. ⇒ établissement, institution. Constitution de rente, de pension. Constitution de partie civile :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Constitution De L'an I — Droit constitutionnel | Constitutions françaises : Histoire constitutionnelle … de 1791 · texte · Monarchie co …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution De L'an X — Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Constitution de l’An X — Constitution de l an X Constitutions Textes Régime politique Constitution de 1791 texte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • constitution — con·sti·tu·tion n [Latin constitutio system, fundamental principles (of an institution), from constituere to set up, establish] 1: the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the… …   Law dictionary

  • constitution — con‧sti‧tu‧tion [ˌkɒnstˈtjuːʆn ǁ ˌkɑːnstˈtuː ] noun [countable] 1. LAW the system of basic laws and principles that a democratic country is governed by, which cannot easily be changed by the political party in power: • The First Amendment of… …   Financial and business terms

  • constitution — CONSTITUTION. subs. f. Composition. La forme et la matière entrent dans la constitution du corps naturel. f♛/b] Il se dit aussi De l établissement, de la creation d une rente, d une pension; et les rentes mêmes s appellent des Constitutions. Un… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Constitution of H.R.A. — Constitution of H.R.A. (1924) was the pamphlet entitled the Hindustan Republican Association which was found with D. N. Chowdhri (fake name of Govind Charan Kar). Copies of this leaflet, referred to in the evidence as the Yellow Leaflet were also …   Wikipedia

  • Constitution — (v. latein. constitutio, onis „Zusammensetzung“, „Anordnung“) steht für: die Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika Constitution (Studentenverbindung), die Verfassung einer Studentenverbindung USS Constitution, eine hölzerne Fregatte der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • constitution — [kän΄stə to͞o′shən, kän΄stətyo͞o′shən] n. [ME constitucioun < OFr constitution < L constitutio: see CONSTITUTE] 1. the act of setting up or making up; establishment, appointment, or formation 2. the way in which a thing is made up;… …   English World dictionary

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