after damp

after damp
Carbonic Car*bon"ic, a. [Cf. F. carbonique. See {Carbon}.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide. [1913 Webster]

{Carbonic acid} (Chem.), an acid {HO.CO.OH}, not existing separately, which, combined with positive or basic atoms or radicals, forms carbonates. In common language the term is very generally applied to a compound of carbon and oxygen, {CO2}, more correctly called {carbon dioxide}. It is a colorless, heavy, irrespirable gas, extinguishing flame, and when breathed destroys life. It can be reduced to a liquid and solid form by intense pressure. It is produced in the fermentation of liquors, and by the combustion and decomposition of organic substances, or other substances containing carbon. It is formed in the explosion of fire damp in mines, and is hence called {after damp}; it is also know as {choke damp}, and {mephitic air}. Water will absorb its own volume of it, and more than this under pressure, and in this state becomes the common soda water of the shops, and the carbonated water of natural springs. Combined with lime it constitutes limestone, or common marble and chalk. Plants imbibe it for their nutrition and growth, the carbon being retained and the oxygen given out.

{Carbonic oxide} (Chem.), a colorless gas, {CO}, of a light odor, called more correctly {carbon monoxide}. It is almost the only definitely known compound in which carbon seems to be divalent. It is a product of the incomplete combustion of carbon, and is an abundant constituent of water gas. It is fatal to animal life, extinguishes combustion, and burns with a pale blue flame, forming carbon dioxide. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • After damp — Aft er damp An irrespirable gas, remaining after an explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See {Carbonic acid}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • after-damp — afˈter damp noun Chokedamp, arising in coal mines after an explosion of firedamp • • • Main Entry: ↑after …   Useful english dictionary

  • after-damp — a gaseous mixture formed in a mine by the explosion of fire damp or dust; it contains nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and usually carbon monoxide (white d.) …   Medical dictionary

  • after-damp — North Country (Newcastle) Words the residual gases after an explosion in a coal pit …   English dialects glossary

  • Damp (mining) — Historically, gases (other than breathable air) in coal mines in Britain were collectively known as damps . This comes from the Middle Low German word dampf (meaning vapour ), and was in use by 1480 [1]. Damps included: After damp, a mixture of… …   Wikipedia

  • after — prep., conj., adv., & adj. prep. 1 a following in time; later than (after six months; after midnight; day after day). b US in specifying time (a quarter after eight). 2 (with causal force) in view of (something that happened shortly before)… …   Useful english dictionary

  • DAMP Project — The Downrange Anti missile Measurement Program or DAMP was an applied research project to obtain scientific data, just prior to and during re entry, on intermediate and intercontinental range ballistic missiles as they returned to earth. The… …   Wikipedia

  • damp — 1 adjective 1 slightly wet, often in an unpleasant way: Wipe the leather with a damp cloth. 2 damp squib BrE informal something that is intended to be exciting, effective etc, but which is disappointing damply adverb USAGE NOTE: DAMP WORD CHOICE …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • Damp — Recorded in a number of spellings including Damp, Damper, and Dampier, this unusual and interesting name is English, although it has its source of origin is French. It originates from any of the of the various places called Dampierre in France,… …   Surnames reference

  • choke damp — Carbonic Car*bon ic, a. [Cf. F. carbonique. See {Carbon}.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide. [1913 Webster] {Carbonic acid} (Chem.), an acid {HO.CO.OH}, not existing separately, which, combined with positive …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.