Willow

Willow Wil"low, n. [OE. wilowe, wilwe, AS. wilig, welig; akin to OD. wilge, D. wilg, LG. wilge. Cf. {Willy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus {Salix}, including many species, most of which are characterized often used as an emblem of sorrow, desolation, or desertion. ``A wreath of willow to show my forsaken plight.'' --Sir W. Scott. Hence, a lover forsaken by, or having lost, the person beloved, is said to wear the willow. [1913 Webster]

And I must wear the willow garland For him that's dead or false to me. --Campbell. [1913 Webster]

2. (Textile Manuf.) A machine in which cotton or wool is opened and cleansed by the action of long spikes projecting from a drum which revolves within a box studded with similar spikes; -- probably so called from having been originally a cylindrical cage made of willow rods, though some derive the term from winnow, as denoting the winnowing, or cleansing, action of the machine. Called also {willy}, {twilly}, {twilly devil}, and {devil}. [1913 Webster]

{Almond willow}, {Pussy willow}, {Weeping willow}. (Bot.) See under {Almond}, {Pussy}, and {Weeping}.

{Willow biter} (Zo["o]l.) the blue tit. [Prov. Eng.]

{Willow fly} (Zo["o]l.), a greenish European stone fly ({Chloroperla viridis}); -- called also {yellow Sally}.

{Willow gall} (Zo["o]l.), a conical, scaly gall produced on willows by the larva of a small dipterous fly ({Cecidomyia strobiloides}).

{Willow grouse} (Zo["o]l.), the white ptarmigan. See {ptarmigan}.

{Willow lark} (Zo["o]l.), the sedge warbler. [Prov. Eng.]

{Willow ptarmigan} (Zo["o]l.) (a) The European reed bunting, or black-headed bunting. See under {Reed}. (b) A sparrow ({Passer salicicolus}) native of Asia, Africa, and Southern Europe.

{Willow tea}, the prepared leaves of a species of willow largely grown in the neighborhood of Shanghai, extensively used by the poorer classes of Chinese as a substitute for tea. --McElrath.

{Willow thrush} (Zo["o]l.), a variety of the veery, or Wilson's thrush. See {Veery}.

{Willow warbler} (Zo["o]l.), a very small European warbler ({Phylloscopus trochilus}); -- called also {bee bird}, {haybird}, {golden wren}, {pettychaps}, {sweet William}, {Tom Thumb}, and {willow wren}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WILLOW — (Heb. עֲרָבָה, aravah). The Bible describes the willow as a tree that grows rapidly near water (Isa. 44:4) and in whose shade the behemoth reclines (Job 40:22). The exiles from Judea hung their harps on willows by the rivers of Babylon, loath to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Willow — Willow, AK U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska Population (2000): 1658 Housing Units (2000): 1530 Land area (2000): 684.817388 sq. miles (1773.668818 sq. km) Water area (2000): 8.042330 sq. miles (20.829537 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • willow — [wil′ō] n. [ME wilwe < OE welig, akin to Du wilg < IE base * wel , to turn, twist, bend > Gr helix, spiral, helikē, willow] 1. a) any of a genus (Salix) of trees and shrubs of the willow family, having usually narrow leaves, single,… …   English World dictionary

  • Willow — Wil low, v. t. To open and cleanse, as cotton, flax, or wool, by means of a willow. See {Willow}, n., 2. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Willow, AK — U.S. Census Designated Place in Alaska Population (2000): 1658 Housing Units (2000): 1530 Land area (2000): 684.817388 sq. miles (1773.668818 sq. km) Water area (2000): 8.042330 sq. miles (20.829537 sq. km) Total area (2000): 692.859718 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Willow, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 114 Housing Units (2000): 66 Land area (2000): 0.264673 sq. miles (0.685499 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.264673 sq. miles (0.685499 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Willow — (Zauseler), eine dem Wolf (s.d. 4) ähnliche u. deshalb oft ebenfalls Wolf genannte Maschine der Baumwollspinnerei, bei welcher aber die Trommel statt der zahlreichen spitzen Zähne nur vier Reihen 4 bis 5 Zoll langer, stumpfer eiserner Stifte u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Willow — f English: from the tree, Old English welig, noted for its grace and the pliancy of its wood …   First names dictionary

  • willow — O.E. welig, from P.Gmc. *walg (Cf. O.S. wilgia, M.Du. wilghe, Du. wilg), probably from PIE *wel to turn, roll, with derivatives referring to curved, enclosing objects. The change in form to ow (14c.) paralleled that of BELLOW (Cf. bellow) and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Willow — A fabric woven of esparto grass and cotton, similar to sparteric. It is used for making the foundations of more expensive hats in place of buckram and is sold in sheets measuring about 24 in. by 36 in …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.