Penicillamine Pen`i*cil"lam*ine, n. (Chem., Med.) a substance ({C5H11NO2S}) which is a degradation product of the penicillins. Chemically it is 3-mercapto-D-valine. It has chelating properties and is used in medicine as an antirheumatic and to chelate copper in cases of hepatolenticular degeneration (Wilson's disease). [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Penicillamine — Systematic (IUPAC) name (2 …   Wikipedia

  • pénicillamine — ● pénicillamine nom féminin Médicament antirhumatismal et chélateur (efficace contre les intoxications) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penicillamine — [pen΄i sil′ə mēn΄, pen΄i sil′əmin] n. a white, crystalline chelating drug, C5H11NO2S, used to treat Wilson s disease, severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis, etc …   English World dictionary

  • penicillamine — A degradation product of penicillin; a chelating agent used in the treatment of lead poisoning, hepatolenticular degeneration, and cystinuria, and in the removal of excess copper in Wilson …   Medical dictionary

  • penicillamine — penicilaminas statusas T sritis chemija formulė (CH₃)₂C(SH)CH(NH₂)COOH atitikmenys: angl. penicillamine rus. пеницилламин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 amino 3 merkapto 3 metilbutano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • penicillamine — noun Etymology: penicillin + amine Date: 1943 an amino acid C5H11NO2S that is obtained from penicillins and is used especially in the treatment of cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis, and poisoning by metals (as copper or lead) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • penicillamine — (= dimethyl cysteine) Product of acid hydrolysis of penicillin that chelates heavy metals (lead, copper, mercury) and assists in their excretion in cases of poisoning. Also used in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis although its mode of action as… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • penicillamine — /pen euh sil euh meen , min/, n. Pharm. a chelating agent, C5H11NO2S, produced by the degradation of penicillin, used in the treatment of severe rheumatoid arthritis and in heavy metal poisoning. [1940 45; PENICILL(IN) + AMINE] * * * …   Universalium

  • penicillamine — noun a breakdown product of penicillin used as a chelating drug to treat poisoning by heavy metals etc …   Wiktionary

  • penicillamine — pen·i·cil·la·mine …   English syllables

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