papaya pa*pa"ya, n. [Prob. from the native name in the West Indies; cf. Sp. papayo papaw, papaya the fruit of the papaw.] 1. (Bot.) A tree ({Carica Papaya}) of tropical America, belonging to the order {Passiflore[ae]}; called also {papaw} and {pawpaw}. It has a soft, spongy stem, eighteen or twenty feet high, crowned with a tuft of large, long-stalked, palmately lobed leaves. The milky juice of the plant is said to have the property of making meat tender. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. The fruit of the papaya tree; it is a dull orange-colored, melon-shaped fruit, which is eaten both raw and cooked or pickled. The fruit contains {papain}, a protease. [1913 Webster + PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papain — Papain …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papain — is obtained from a tropical tree in much the same way as crude rubber. It exerts a solubilising action on proteins and has been suggested for use in desizing textiles containing gelatine and similar substances. Papain has been shown quite good… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Papain — Pa*pa in, n. [From {Papaw}.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteolytic ferment, like trypsin, present in the juice of the green fruit of the papaw ({Carica Papaya}) of tropical America. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Papaïn — Papaïn, s. Papayotin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Papain — Papaīn, Papayotin, Papayazin, Papaw, vegetabilisches Pepsin, eiweißverdauendes Ferment aus dem Milchsaft von Carica papaya L. (s. Carica), löst bei Körpertemperatur Fleisch und andere Eiweißstoffe auf; Heilmittel bei Magen und Darmkrankheiten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • papain — papàīn m <G papaína> DEFINICIJA biol. enzim u mliječnom soku papaje, koristi se u medicini ETIMOLOGIJA v …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • papain — [pə pā′in, pəpī′in] n. [ PAPA(YA) + IN1] a protein splitting enzyme from the juice of unripe papaya, used as a digestive aid, as a meat tenderizer, in pharmacy, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Papain — protein Name = Papain caption = Papain from Carica papaya width = 240 HGNCid = Symbol = AltSymbols = EntrezGene = OMIM = RefSeq = UniProt = PDB = 1PPP ECnumber = Chromosome = Arm = Band = LocusSupplementaryData = Papain is a cysteine… …   Wikipedia

  • Papain — Pa|pa|in 〈n. 11; unz.〉 Eiweiß spaltendes Enzym * * * Pa|pa|in [nlat. Carica papaya = Papaya oder Melonenbaum; ↑ in (3)], das; s, e: aus dem Milchsaft unreifer Papayafrüchte gewinnbares Enzymgemisch, das neben dem eigtl. Papain (212… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • papain — /peuh pay in, puy in/, n. 1. Biochem. a proteolytic enzyme found in the fruit of the papaya tree, Carica papaya. 2. Pharm. a commercial preparation of this used as a meat tenderizer and in medicine as a digestant. [1885 90; PAPA(YA) + IN2] * * *… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.